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Empathie – Sympathie

 

 

 

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With empathy I'm fully with them,
and not full of them – that's sympathy.

Marshall B. Rosenberg (1934-2015)
US American psychologist, psychotherapist,
developer of Nonviolent Communication

 


 

Kontinuierliches Ringen um Empathie

Ein Fuhrmann misshandelt sein abgetriebenes Ross dermaßen mit der Peitsche, dass die Adern des Tieres springen und die Nerven zittern. Einer der untätig, obschon mitleidig Herumstehenden, fragt, was geschehen soll. Die pragmatische Antwort lautet:
"Reißt dem Wüterich die Peitsche aus der Hand."
Ein Mitzeuge wirft ein:
"Dieser gutgenährte Gaul ist einfach nur störrisch und tückisch. Nur weil er einen mit Stroh beladenen Wagen zieht, will auf sich aufmerksam machen."
Der geistesgegenwärtige Zeuge besteht darauf:
"Wie dem auch sei, reißt erst mal dem Wüterich die Peitsche aus der Hand."
Jakob Wassermann (1873-1934) deutsch-jüdischer Schriftsteller, Mein Weg als Deutscher und Jude, 1921,
Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag (dtv), 5. Januar 1994, Project Gutenberg, E-Buch, 29. Dezember 2005

 

Individuell und kollektiv gilt es, der Gewalt und ihrer ideologischen Rechtfertigung Paroli zu bieten.

 

Wer die zentrale Rolle des Mitgefühls im menschlichen Leben erkennt, weiß dass die Geschichte menschlicher Zivilisation das Ringen um Empathie darstellt. Wenn Empathie zu Selbstmitleid pervertiert, dient dies dem Hass auf das Leben, der sich nur schwer auflösen lässt. Jeder Mensch ist mit Empathie geboren, die auch unter widrigsten Umständen aufsteigen kann.

 

Wer sich mit den Unterdrückern identifiziert, ist unfähig, sich vor dem innewohnenden offenen oder verdeckten Hass zu schützen. Die Sehnsucht nach Liebe wird von der Sehnsucht nach [falscher] Autorität überschattet.
Die Idealisierung von Tätern dient dazu, einen vor Angst und Terror bewahren. Der zivilfeige Mensch fühlt sich schuldig (sündig), weil er ursprünglich die Wahrheit erkennen konnte. Zugleich streitet er diese Sünde fortwährend ab, indem er andere zu Opfern macht und sie dafür bestraft, dass er selbst Opfer geworden ist.
Solange Wohlstand und scheinbare Ordnung herrschen, wird das innere Opfer in Schach gehalten. Bei wirtschaftlicher Not und politischem Chaos taucht der Hass gegen sich selbst wieder auf und wird auf "Feindbilder" abgewälzt. Entsprechend des Quantums an nicht empfangener Liebe in der Kindheit wird das Böse gestattet. Vielen gelingt es nicht, eine eigene Identität zu entwickeln, stattdessen identifizieren sie sich mit jenen, die andere unterwerfen.

Zitate zum Thema Empathie / Empathy

Zitate allgemein

Persönliche Bekenntnisse

  • Wir haben in der Welt ganz sicher ein Problem mit Feindseligkeiten, die außer Kontrolle geraten. Der Mensch ist geradezu ein Spezialist darin, andere auszugrenzen. Er dämonisiert Menschen anderer Nationalität oder Religion, erzeugt Ängste und Wut. Diese Gruppen nennen wir dann schnell Unmenschen oder Tiere. Schon ist es leicht, die Unmenschen zu eliminieren, weil man kein Mitgefühl mehr mit ihnen haben muss. Wenn ich die Welt verändern könnte, würde ich die Reichweite des Einfühlungsvermögens vergrößern. Prof. Frans de Waal (*1948) niederländischer Zoologe, spezialisiert auf Menschenaffen, Verhaltensforscher, Autor, zitiert in: Ich glaube, dass wir Tiere sind, präsentiert von der Schweizer Sonntagszeitung NZZ am Sonntag, 10. April 2011
  • KarriereSPIEGEL: Herr Groß-Selbeck, wie haben sich die Anforderungen, die an Manager gestellt werden, in den vergangenen Jahren gewandelt?
    Groß-Selbeck: Die wichtigste Eigenschaft, die man heute braucht, ist Empathie – die Fähigkeit, andere Menschen zu verstehen und für eine Sache zu begeistern. Das war früher anders; da reichte es, Dinge von oben anzuordnen. Interview mit Stefan Groß-Selbeck, deutscher Gastprofessor für Internet und Gesellschaft, Alexander-von-Humboldt-Institut, Potsdam, Chef des Hamburger Business-Netzwerks Xing (2008-2012), Motivierte Mitarbeiter schaffen das Zehnfache, präsentiert von Manager Magazin und KarriereSpiegel Online, 21. April 2011

 

Zitate von ...

Persönliche Bekenntnisse

General quotes

Personal avowals

  • In the world we certainly have a problem with hostilities that run out of control. Man is actually a specialist when it comes to excluding others. Humans tend to demonize people of another nationality or religion, generating fear and anger. We then tend to label these groups as non-humans or animals. Then it becomes easy to eliminate the non-humans since one isn't required to have empathy with them. If I could change the world I would extend the reach of empathy. Frans de Waal, Ph.D. (*1948) Dutch US-American Candler professor of psychology and primate behavior, director of the Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, biologist, ethologist, speaker, author, cited in: Ich glaube, dass wir Tiere sind ['I believe that we are Animals'], presented by Swiss weekend newspaper NZZ am Sonntag, 10. April 2011

 

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Brain scientist Keysers directly studied "mirror neurons".

  • The question that fascinates me, is how we understand others. I often just look at my wife's face and instantly know how she feels (and thus if I’m in trouble or not). Hollywood movies are a good example, too: your heart beats baster as you watch a tarantula crawl on James Bond's chest in the movie Dr. No. Your hands sweat and your skin tingles under the spider’s legs. Effortlessly, you feel what Bond feels. How? This is what we have found in our discovery of mirror neurons: our brain mirrors the state of other people. Dr. Christian Keysers (*1973) French-German professor of neuroscience, cited in: Article Empathy and the Gendered Brain: 7 Things Men and Women Need to Know, presented by US American The Good Men Project, Jed Diamond, Ph.D., US American psychotherapist, author, 7. March 2014

 

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Two types of empathy: affective and cognitive empathy

  • Simon Baron-Cohen suggests that, on average, the male brain is not hard-wired for empathy. But that may be the result of equating empathy with tuning into another person's feeling state. Men may empathize differently than women. Researchers in the empathy field describe two types of empathy. One type is called affective empathy and involves a shared emotional response that women may be better at achieving. The other type is called cognitive empathy and involves being able to see the world through the perspective of the other. Men may be better able to access this type of empathy. Article Empathy and the Gendered Brain: 7 Things Men and Women Need to Know, presented by US American The Good Men Project, Jed Diamond, Ph.D., US American psychotherapist, author, 7. March 2014

 


US army sergeant K. Rachwal gives a young Pakistani girl a drink
of water as they are airlifted from Muzaffarabad to Islamabad, Pakistan,
aboard a US Army CH-47 Chinook helicopter, 19. October 2005
  • What I learned is, we have to listen to each other, even when we don't agree, even when we think we hate each other. We have to listen to each others narratives. Not interrupt defensively, or with hostility, but really try to open our hearts and listen with empathy. I learned so much from that meeting. It was a very difficult thing to do and it was one of the best things that I ever did in my life. Look what scares you in the face, and try to understand it. Empathy, I have learned, is revolutionary. TV Video interview with Jane Fonda (*1937) Academy Award-winning US American actress, political activist, philanthropist, speaker, author, Listen with empathy... Empathy, I have learned, is revolutionary!, presented by Oprah's Master Class, first aired 8. January 2012, YouTube film, 0:46 minutes duration, posted 4. April 2013

 

 

  • I saw people die, I saw loved ones separated, I saw cruelty and hunger on a daily basis [during World War II]. Nothing is more important than empathy for another human being's suffering. Not a career, not wealth, not intelligence, certainly not status. We have to feel for one another if we're going to survive with dignity. Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993) British-Dutch actress, humanitarian, special ambassador for UNICEF, cited in: Diana Maychick, Audrey Hepburn. An Intimate Portrait, S. 47, Carol, New York, 1993

 

Calling

  • I want us to organize, to tell the personal stories that create empathy, which is the most revolutionary emotion. Gloria Steinem gloriasteinem.com (*1934) leading US American feminist of the new women's movement, visionary and political activist, founder and editor of the feminist US magazine "Ms", journalist, writer, aphorism

 

Insights

  • One doesn't have to operate with great malice to do great harm. The absence of empathy and understanding are sufficient. Charles M. Blow (*1970) US American journalist, visual op-ed columnist for The New York Times, aphorism

 

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Empathy mode vs. I mode

 

  • We talk a lot about our right to freedom of speech, but we need to talk more about our responsibility to freedom of speech. We all want to be heard, but let's acknowledge the difference between speaking up with intention and speaking up for attention. The Internet is the superhighway for the id, but online, showing empathy to others benefits us all and helps create a safer and better world. We need to communicate online with compassion, consume news with compassion, and click with compassion. Video presentation by Monica Lewinsky (*1973) US American former White House intern (1995-1996), media shaming target #1 due to a political sex scandal with US president Bill Clinton, 1998, social psychologist, anti-cyberbullying activist, The price of shame transcript, presented by TED Talks, Vancouver, Canada, minute 19:51, 22:31 minutes duration, filmed 19. March 2015, posted 20. March 2015

 

  • When the other person is hurting, confused, troubled, anxious, alienated, terrified; or when he or she is doubtful of self-worth, uncertain as to identity, then understanding is called for.
    The gentle and sensitive companionship of an empathic stance […] provides illumination and healing. In such situations deep understanding is, I believe, the most precious gift one can give to another. Carl Rogers, Ph.D. (1902-1987) influential American professor of psychology and psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, CIA MKUltra agent, co-founder of the humanistic approach to psychology, president of the American Psychological Association (APA) (1947), author, essay Empathic: An Unappreciated Way of Being, Centre for Studies of the Person, La Jolla, California, presented by the The Counseling Psychologist, Vol. 5, No. 2-10, 1975

 

  • Over the years, however, the research evidence keeps piling up, and it points strongly to the conclusion that a high degree of empathy in a relationship is possibly the most potent and certainly one of the most potent factors in bringing about change and learning.   Carl Rogers, Ph.D. (1902-1987) influential American professor of psychology and psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, CIA MKUltra agent, co-founder of the humanistic approach to psychology, president of the American Psychological Association (APA) (1947), author, essay Empathic: An Unappreciated Way of Being’', Center for Studies of the Person, La Jolla, California, presented by the The Counseling Psychologist'', Vol. 5, No. 2-10, 1975

Peaches, Lyman Orchards, Middlefield, Connecticut

 

  • Don’t believe anyone who says that since nature is based on a struggle for life, we need to live like this as well. Many animals survive not by eliminating each other or by keeping everything for themselves, but by cooperating and sharing. This applies most definitely to pack hunters, such as wolves or killer whales, but also our closest relatives, the primates. In a study in Taï National Park, in Ivory Coast, chimpanzees took care of group mates wounded by leopards, licking their blood, carefully removing dirt, and waving away flies that came near the wounds. They protected injured companions, and slowed down during travel in order to accommodate them. All of this makes perfect sense given that chimpanzees live in groups for a reason, the same way wolves and humans are group animals for a reason. If man is wolf to man, he is so in every sense, not just the negative one. We would not be where we are today had our ancestors been socially aloof. What we need is a complete overhaul of assumptions about human nature. Too many economists and politicians model human society on the perpetual struggle they believe exists in nature, but which is a mere projection. Like magicians, they first throw their ideological prejudices into the hat of nature, then pull them out by their very ears to show how much nature agrees with them. It’s a trick for which we have fallen for too long. Obviously, competition is part of the picture, but humans can't live by competition alone. Frans de Waal, Ph.D. (*1948) Dutch US American Candler professor of psychology and primate behavior, director of the Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, biologist, ethologist, speaker, author, The Age of Empathy. Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society, S. 6, Crown, 1st edition 22. September 2009

 

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Fairness study on altruism, empathy and ethics of chimpanzees, dogs, and elephants

Empathy is expressed via
a) the body channel: as the ability to understand and share the feelings of another and
b) the cognitive channel: as the ability to take the perspective of another.

  • What is morality based on? These are the two factors that always come out:
    1. One is reciprocity, […] a sense of fairness,
    2. and the other one is empathy and compassion.
Video presentation by Frans de Waal, Ph.D. (*1948) Dutch US-American Candler professor of psychology and primate behavior, director of the Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, biologist, ethologist, speaker, author, Moral behavior in animals, presented by TEDx Talks Peachtree, minute 3:10, 16:52 minutes duration, filmed November 2011, posted April 2012

 

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Humans are soft-wired for sociability, (attachment).

  • [W]e are actually soft-wired not for aggression and violence and self interest and utilitarianism, we are actually soft-wired for sociability, 'attachment' (as John Bowlby might have said), affection, companionship.
And the first drive is the drive to actually 'belong'. It's an empathic drive.
Empathy is the opposite of Utopia. There is no empathy in Heaven, I guarantee you, I'll tell you before you get there. There isn't any empathy in Heaven because there's no mortality. There's no empathy in Utopia because there is no suffering.
Empathy is grounded in the acknowledgement of death and the celebration of life and rooting for each other to flourish and be. It's based on our frailties and imperfections. Video animation and narration Jeremy Rifkin (*1945) US American economist, political advisor and activist, founder and president of the Foundation On Economic Trends, public speaker, author, The Empathic Civilisation, Transcript, presented by RSA Animate RSA Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, YouTube film, 10:39 minutes duration, posted 6. May 2010

 

  • The most valuable and profitable business skill is compassion [i.e. proactive empathy]. Video interview with Eben Pagan, US American Internet marketeer, developer of ten information product brands, Eben Pagan – Compassion, presented by Money Master Interview, host Anthony Robbins (*1960) US American life coach, motivational speaker, self-help author, YouTube film, minute 0:05, 4:33 minutes duration, posted 24. August 2012

 

  • Self-absorption in all its forms kills empathy, let alone compassion. When we focus on ourselves, our world contracts as our problems and preoccupations loom large. But when we focus on others, our world expands. Our own problems drift to the periphery of the mind and so seem smaller, and we increase our capacity for connection – or compassionate action. Daniel Goleman (*1946) US American psychologist, science journalist, author, Social Intelligence. The New Science of Human Relationships, first published 2006, Bantam, reprint edition 31. July 2007

 

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Male brains are more wired for systemizing than for empathizing.

 

  • Empathy is […] the art of stepping imaginatively into the shoes of another person, understanding their feelings and perspectives, and using that understanding to guide your actions. Roman Krznaric, Ph.D., Australian-British professor of sociology and politics, Cambridge University, cultural thinker, founding faculty member of The School of Life, London, empathy expert and advisor to organizations (Oxfam and United Nations), author, Empathy. Why It Matters, and How to Get It [Empathy. A Handbook for Revolution], Perigee Trade, 4. November 2014

 

  • Empathy is an ideal that has the power both to transform our own lives and to bring about fundamental social change. Empathy can create a revolution. Not one of those old-fashioned revolutions based on new laws, institutions or governments, but something much more radical: a revolution of human relationships. Roman Krznaric, Ph.D., Australian-British professor of sociology and politics, Cambridge University, cultural thinker, founding faculty member of The School of Life, London, empathy expert and advisor to organizations (Oxfam and United Nations), author, Empathy. A Handbook for Revolution, Ebury Digital, 6. February 2014

 

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Tuning into self and others may be equally important ways to "know thyself."

 

  • Pornography has always presented women as objectified bodies for male sexual pleasure, but each year pornography does that with more overt cruelty toward women. The "gonzo" genre of pornography, where the industry pushes the culture's limits with the most intense sexual degradation, encourages men to see women as vehicles for their sexual pleasure, even depicting women as eager to participate in their own degradation.
    After more than two decades of work on this subject, I have no doubt of one truth about contemporary pornography: It is one way that men’s capacity for empathy can be dramatically diminished.
    Empathy is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the work that challenges the domination/subordination dynamic of existing hierarchies, and transcending that dynamic is crucial if there is to be a just and sustainable future. Robert Jensen, Ph.D. (*1958) US American professor of journalism, University of Austin, Texas, radical feminist, author, Pornography Is What the End of the World Looks Like, presented by US American The Good Men Project, 11. August 2011

 

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Empathic drive: Humans are soft-wired for sociability, attachment, affection, companionship.

Minute 9: Enlightenment philosophers of the 18th/19th century saw humans as materialistic, self interested, utilitarian, pleasure seeking, and libido driven.

 

 

  • Empathy is a narrative we tell ourselves to make other people real to us, to feel for and with them, and thereby to extend and enlarge and open ourselves. To be without empathy is to have shut down or killed off some part of yourself and your humanity, to have protected yourself from some kind of vulnerability. Silencing, or refusing to hear, breaks this social contract of recognizing another’s humanity and our connectedness. Rebecca Solnit (*1961) US American culture historian, journalist, writer, The Mother of All Questions, Haymarket Books, paperback, 7. March 2017, cited in: Breaking Silence as Our Mightiest Weapon Against Oppression, presented by Brain Pickings, Maria Popova, 20. March 2017

 

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Three types of responses to the European refugee/migrants crisis 2015/2016

  1. The old body of past rules and regulations is increasingly out of touch with what is actually going on (EU Asylum policies out of touch with the actual humanitarian crisis of refugees dying while trying to get to Europe).
  2. As the crisis intensifies, systems move towards breakdown and collapse.
  3. As systems move towards collapse, people and leaders from across all sectors react with one of the following three responses:
BehaviorDescriptionExamples
RegressionRevert back to old behaviors that activate the Amygdala part of our (instinctual) brain: using direct violence (like burning houses) or structural violence (building walls) against foreigners and refugees to keep or move them out.Viktor Orban, Donald Trump, and most of the far right in Europe and the United States.
Muddling throughMore of the same. More meetings. More words. More declarations. More hypocrisy.Prime Minister David Cameron, who finds eloquent words but does remarkable little to help in the refugee crisis, especially given his country’s involvement in the Iraq war.
Empathic-human responseAttending to the emergency situation, stopping and letting-go of our old body of routines and behaviors (that may have outlived their usefulness) and letting-come of human generosity that arises from co-sensing the kind of help that this situation is calling us to co-create.Chancellor Angela Merkel and the crowds at German train stations offering SIM Cards, toys, food, and their own homes.

Article by Otto Scharmer Ottoscharmer.com German American senior lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), founding chair of the Presencing Institute, core faculty member of the UN Leaders Program, UN Staff College, As Systems Collapse, Citizens Rise, presented by US American online newspaper The Huffington Post, 7. September 2015, updated 29. January 2016

 

  • Empathy seems to be seen as a weakness. We condition people to withdraw it to succeed. But really, it needs to be re-seen as a strength again if there is to be any kind of hope in the world. Matt Bellamy (*1978) English musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer, composer, principal songwriter of rock band Muse

Quotes by Brené Brown

Personal avowals

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Empathy is the antidote to epidemic shame.

  • Shame is an epidemic in our culture. […] Empathy is the antidote to shame.
    If you put shame in a petri dish, it needs three things things to grow exponentially: secrecy, [pathological] silence and judgement.
    If you put the same amount of shame into a petri dish and douse it with empathy it can't survive.
    Video presentation by Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW brenebrown.com, US American shame, vulnerability, empathy researcher, lecturer, Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, lecturer, author, Listening to shame, presented by TED Talks 2012, YouTube film, minute 18:07, 20:38 minutes duration, posted 16. March 2012

 

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Empathy ⇔ sympathy

 

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Four qualities of empathy

  • The four qualities of empathy found by the British clinical psychologist and nursing scholar Theresa Wiseman are:
    1. Ability to take perspective of another person or recognize their perspective as their truth
    2. Staying out of judgment [not easy]
    3. Recognizing emotion in other people
    4. Communicating that
Video animation by Katy Davis featuring Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW brenebrown.com US American shame, vulnerability, empathy researcher, Graduate College of Social Work, author, RSA Shorts – The Power of Empathy, presented by RSA Animate RSA Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, London, United Kingdom, recorded 4. July 2013, YouTube film, minute 0:14, 2:53 minutes duration, posted 10. December 2013

 

  • Empathy minus boundaries is not empathy.
    Compassion minus boundaries is not genuine.
    Vulnerability without boundaries is not vulnerability.
    Boundaries are frickin' important. They are not fake walls, they are not separation. Boundaries are not division, they are respect. They are 'Here's what's ok for me and here's what's not.'
    Video interview with Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW brenebrown.com, US American shame, vulnerability, empathy researcher, lecturer, Graduate College of Social Work, author, Setting boundaries, minute 5:08, 5:52 minuted duration, 5. March 2016

Englische Texte – English section on Empathy

Two types of empathy: cold, cognitive, left and hot, affective, right

Hot and cold types of empathy 
༺༻Empathy·circuitLegendActivated brain area
1.Cold empathyImpersonal moral dilemmas solvable with reasoning and rational thoughtPrefrontal cortex, posterior parietal cortex (in particular, the anterior paracingulate cortex, the temporal pole, and the superior temporal sulcus)
2.Hot empathyPersonal moral dilemma engaging emotionsAmygdala (center of emotions)
Source: ► Joshua Greene, Ph.D., US American associate professor of the social sciences, Harvard University, psychologist, neuroscientist, philosopher
Greene found that there are two distinct expressions of empathy: hot and cold.
Cognitive and affective types of empathy
༺༻Type·of·empathyGender distributionExpression·of·empathy
1.Cognitive empathyPredominantly menSee the world through the perspective of the other
2.Affective empathyPredominantly womenShared emotional response, tuning into another person's feeling state
Source: ► Simon Baron-Cohen, Ph.D. (*1958) British professor of developmental psychopathology, departments of psychiatry and psychology, University of Cambridge, stipulates two types of empathy: affective and cognitive empathy.
Article: Empathy and the Gendered Brain: 7 Things Men and Women Need to Know, presented by US American The Good Men Project, Jed Diamond, Ph.D., US American psychotherapist, author, 7. March 2014

 

Empathy with ... ⇔ sympathy for ...
༺༻Features of empathyFeatures of sympathy
1.Empathy fuels connection.Sympathy drives disconnection.
2.Empathy is feeling with people.'I'm feeling with you.'Sympathy is feeling for people.'I'm feeling for you.'
3.Empathy is a vulnerable choice.
Vulnerability is the path back to each other and to intimacy.
Invulnerability (a closed heart) cannot be empathic.
4.Culturally, we mistakenly think that vulnerability is weakness.We don't want to respond to somebody else's struggle.
Source: ► Video presentation including Q&A by Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW brenebrown.com US American shame, vulnerability, empathy researcher, Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, lecturer, author, RSA Replay – The Power of Vulnerability, presented by RSA Animate RSA Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, London, United Kingdom, YouTube film, minutes 31:10, 18:02, 20:10, 31:55, 1:01:27 duration, recorded and posted 4. July 2013
See also: ► Correlating the right hemisphere with the left hemisphere of the brain
Siehe auch: ► Gegenüberstellung von Patristik und Matristik

Features of empaths – Judith Orloff

Ten characteristics of empaths
༺༻Characteristics of empathsRemark
1.Empaths are highly sensitive. Empaths are naturally giving, heartfelt, spiritually open, and good listeners. They are world-class nurturers. Their feelings can easily be hurt. They are often told that they are "too sensitive" and need to toughen up.
2.Empaths absorb other people's emotions. Empaths are highly attuned to other people's good or bad oods. They feel everything, sometimes to an extreme. Taking on negativity (anger/anxiety), they feel exhausted. Around peace and love, their bodies flourish.
3.Many empaths are introverted. Empaths, predominantly introverted, become overwhelmed in crowds, which can amplify their empathy. They prefer one-to-one contact or small groups. Even more extroverted empaths prefer limiting the time they spend in crowds or at a party.
4.Empaths are highly intuitive. Empaths experience the world through their intuition. It is important for them to develop their intuition and listen to their gut feelings about people. This will help empaths find positive relationships and avoid energy vampires.
5.Empaths need alone time. As super-responders, being around people can drain an empath so much that they periodically need alone time to recharge their batteries. Even a brief escape prevents emotional overload.
6.Empaths can become overwhelmed in intimate relationships. Too much togetherness can be difficult for an empath, so they may avoid intimate relationships, afraid of being engulfed and losing their identity. For empaths to be at ease in a relationship, the traditional paradigm for being a couple must be redefined.
7.Empaths are targets for energy vampires. An empath's sensitivity makes them particularly easy marks for energy vampires (such as victim, chronic talker, drama queen), whose fear or rage can sap their physical nergy and peace of mind. Psychopaths can make them believe they’re unworthy and unlovable.
8.Empaths become
replenished in nature.
The busyness of everyday life can be too much for an empath. Nature (green wild, water bodies) nourishes and restores them, helping them to release their burdens.
9.Empaths have
highly tuned senses.
An empath's nerves can get frayed by noise, smells, or excessive talking.
10.Empaths have huge hearts but sometimes give too much. Big-hearted empaths try to relieve the pain of others. Doing so, they tend to take it on, which leaves them feeling drained or upset.
Source: ► Judith Orloff MD-PhD DrJudithOrloff.com US American assistant professor of psychiatry, UCLA, empath,
dying companion, lecturer, author, The Empath's Survival Guide. Life Strategies for Sensitive People, Sounds True, 4. April 2017
See also: ► Intuition and ► Sensitivität – Sensitivity

Traits of an empath – Christel Broederlow

Thirty of the most common traits of empaths
1.Empaths just know stuff, without being told.16.Empaths get bored or distracted easily if not stimulated.
2.Being in public places can be overwhelming for empaths.17.Often labelled as being lazy, empaths refuse to do things they don’t enjoy.
3.Empaths feel others emotions and taking them on as your own.18.Empaths strive for the truth.
4.Watching violence, cruelty or tragedy on the TV is unbearable for empaths.19.Empaths always look for the answers and knowledge.
5.Empaths know when someone is not being honest.20.As free spirits empaths like adventure, freedom and travel.
6.Empaths pick up physical symptoms off another.21.Empaths abhor clutter.
7.Empaths suffer digestive disorders and lower back problems.22.Empaths love to daydream.
8.Empaths always look out for the underdog.23.Empaths finds routine, rules or control, imprisoning.
9.Others, even strangers, will want to offload their problems on empaths.24.Empaths are prone to carry weight without necessarily overeating.
10.Empaths suffer constant fatigue.25.Empaths are excellent listener.
11.Empaths have an addictive personality.26.Empaths do not tolerate narcissism.
12.Empaths are drawn to healing, holistic therapies and metaphysics.27.Empaths can feel the days of the week.
13.Empaths are creative, enjoy singing, dancing, acting, drawing or writing.28.Empaths refuse to buy pre-owned things (antiques, vintage or second-hand).
14.Empaths love nature and animals.29.Empaths sense the energy of food (meat or poultry).
15.Empaths have a need for solitude.30.Empaths can appear moody, shy, aloof, disconnected.
Source: ► Article 30 traits of an Empath (How to know if you’re an Empath),
presented by The Mind Unleashed, Christel Broederlow ("What is an empath?"), posted 24. October 2013

Behavioral features of empathy

Six habits of highly empathic people
Habit 1Cultivate curiosity about strangers.
Habit 2Challenge prejudices and discover commonalities.
Habit 3Put yourself in another person's life.  [Mirror neuronal empathy]
Habit 4Listen hard – and open up tenderly.
Habit 5Develop an intense imagination.
Habit 6Inspire mass action and social change.
Sources featuring Roman Krznaric, Ph.D., Australian-British professor of sociology and politics, Cambridge University, cultural thinker, founding faculty member of The School of Life, London, empathy expert and advisor to organizations (Oxfam and United Nations), author
Six Habits of Highly Empathic People, presented by Greater Good Science Center, 27. November 2012
Six Habits of Highly Empathic People, syndicated from Greater Good, 25. August 2013
See also: ► Enhancing collective intelligence by social perceptiveness (EI) and equal participation

Integrative thinking – Daniel Pink

Integrative Thinking is the marriage of the left and the right brain.
Thinking outside the box seems hard in a surrounding where most people think, in fact, dwell inside the box.

 


Right-brained qualities and expressions
In his book A Whole New Mind. Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future (Riverhead Trade, March 2006)
Daniel Pink depicts six right brain aptitudes that may enhance life, learning and careers:
Design, story, symphony, empathy, play, and meaning.
༺༻Quality
Expression
LegendSource
1.DesignSuperseding function(ionality) to engage in patterns and senses.
Design is a whole-minded skill, engineering and aesthetics.
Minute 26:17
2.StoryConveying ideas and promoting products and services works better by narratives, not just by arguments. Facts are less valuable since anyone can google them on the Internet. Commercials and movies tell stories, give series of episodes, which deliver facts with impact. Story is more effective because that is how humans operate. Communication counts, saying things well is a valued skill.Minute 36:31
3.SymphonyAbility to see the big picture thinking (not just detail focus), adding invention (creativity). Seeing the big picture, filtering out meaningful currents from the host of information, combining two things into something new. The challenge is to team-teaching and to unleash and see the practicality of multi- and interdisciplinary approaches that combine e.g. biology and philosophy. Abstract abilities, like literacy or numeracy, become feasible given the proper environment, context, setting.Minute 45:40
4.EmpathySuperseding logic and engaging in feeling and intuition. 
5.PlayBringing humor and light-heartedness to work, business and products. 
6.MeaningContext, significance, immaterial abstract feelings and values and impact of situations, people and products. 
Source: ► Audio interview with Daniel Pink danpink.com (*1964) US American motivational speaker, chief speech writer of
US vice president Al Gore (1995-1997), visionary author, How Half Your Brain Can Save Your Job, presented by
The Library of Economics and Liberty ECONTALK, MP3, host Russ Roberts, 1:07:13 duration, aired 11. June 2007
Siehe auch: ► Märchen und ► Denken und ► SpielBedeutung

Innate goodness ⇔ innate badness

Changing views in regard to basic human nature
SourceTime frameHumans are inclined to... – Babies are born with...
Judeo·Christian·theology1480·BC·presentBorn with original sin, awaiting salvation
Thomas Hobbes1588-1679"[Human] Life is nasty, brutish, and short."
John Locke1632-1704Born with a blank slate, yet predisposed to acquire property
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz1646-1716"This is the best of all possible worlds."
Voltaire [François-Marie Arouet]1694-1778Life is unpredictable and full of suffering.
Adam Smith1723-1790Inclined for moral sentiment, yet autonomy driven, self-interest driven
Jeremy Bentham1748-1832Desire to have pleasure, to avoid pain, driven by utilitarian desires
Charles Darwin1809-1882Desire to secure one's survival by reproducing oneself
Sigmund Freud1856-1939Born with an insatiable sexual appetite, desire to extinguish one's libido
Mirror neurons research1990s-presentSoft-wired for belonging, empathy, sociability,
attachment, affection, companionship
Positive psychology
Martin Seligman (*1942)
1998Well-being is feeling good, having meaning,
beneficial relationships, accomplishment
Dacher Keltner2009Born to be good1, designed to care, survival of the kindest
gratification of desire, maximizing of self-interest
See also:
Audio and video links (engl.) – Dacher Keltner
Incomplete timetable of paradigmal shifts
Erlösung – Salvation namely ► Salvationism: Problematic Redeemer ◊ Messiah ◊ Savior complex
Quotes by Joseph P. Farrell – Original sin (indebtedness)

 

Links zum Thema Empathie / Empathy

Literatur

Literature (engl.)

Externe Weblinks


External web links (engl.)


Rats are empathetic animals who care to free their trapped comrades. They are willing to share uneven food supplies. Female rats top the empathy rate of male rats.

Audio- und Videolinks

  • TV-Dokumentation und Diskussionsrunde zum Thema Empathie Über Entstehung und Verlust des Mitgefühls, präsentiert von TV-Sender 3sat, Sendung Scobel, Gastgeber und Moderator Gert Scobel (*1959) deutscher Philosoph, Fernsehmoderator, Journalist, Autor, Gastdiskutierende: ungenannt; 58:38 Minuten Dauer, Erstsendetermin 29. Oktober 2009, eingestellt 26. November 2011
  • Videointerview mit Arno Gruen (*1923) deutsch-schweizerischer Psychologe, Psychoanalytiker, Zivilisationskritiker, Schriftsteller, Über Empathie, präsentiert von TV-Sender 3sat, YouTube Film, 12:36 Minuten Dauer, eingestellt 17. März 2013

Audio and video links (engl.)

Effects of compassion vs. cynicism on the immune system; Hoffman's precursors to empathy, gratitude and the empathic leap

Empathic therapists have the highest success rate with alcohol addicts.

Empathy and mirror neurons

Audio and video links (engl.) – Brené Brown

Audio and video links (engl.) – Frans de Waal

Europeans are appalled by the extent of Social Darwinism in United States (as promoted by philosopher, sociologist Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)) Minute 0:38
Competition and self-interest, fear and greed, implemented into societal structures; failed example: convicted CEO of the Enron Corporation Jeffrey Keith Skilling (*1953), who was a fan of Richard Dawkins' "The Selfish Gene" Minute 4:19

  • Video interview with Frans de Waal, Ph.D. (*1948) Dutch US American Candler professor of psychology and primate behavior, director of the Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, biologist, ethologist, speaker, author, Empathy – expressed by animals and humans, presented by The Center for Building a Culture of Empathy, host Edwin Rutsch, US American founder of Culture Of Empathy, YouTube film, 21:05 minutes duration, posted 9. May 2011

Gender differences in regard to empathy Minute 11:54
US American self-interest vs. American generosity Minute 13:25

  • Video presentation by Frans de Waal, Ph.D. (*1948) Dutch US American Candler professor of psychology and primate behavior, director of the Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, biologist, ethologist, speaker, author, Morality without Religion, presented by TEDx Talks Peachtree 2011, YouTube film, 18:15 minutes duration, posted 21. November 2011

Issues of cooperation, reconciliation, sense of fairness, rudiments of morality, civility to heart

 

Interne Links

Englisch Wiki

Hawkins

 

 

1 Born to Be Good. The Science of a Meaningful Life, W.W. Norton & Co., 12. January 2009

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