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Humiliation

 

 

 

 

Yellow badge Star of David called "Judenstern"

 

 


 

Humiliation

Quotes on the topic Humiliation / Erniedrigung

General quotes

Personal avowals


 Mountain Bluebird, June 2006
  • All the cruel and brutal things, even genocide, starts with the humiliation of one individual. Kofi Annan (*1938) Ghanaian diplomat, seventh United Nations Secretary-General (1997-2006), founder of the Global AIDS and Health Fund, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, 2001, Kofi Annan 2013 Quote on Humiliation, YouTube snippet, 0:12 seconds, posted 19. February 2013

 



Zitate allgemein

Persönliche Bekenntnisse

General quotes

Personal avowals

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Public slut-shaming worldwide pushed Lewinsky to the brink of death – compassion helped her out of the shame trap.

  • I was Patient Zero of losing a personal reputation on a global scale almost instantaneously.  Minute 3:55
In 1998 [at age 24], I lost my reputation and my dignity. I lost almost everything, and I almost lost my life.  Minute 6:09
A meta-analysis done out of the Netherlands showed that for the first time, cyberbullying was leading to suicidal ideations more significantly than offline bullying.  Minute 12:26
And you know what shocked me, although it shouldn't have, was another research last year that determined humiliation was a more intensely felt emotion than either happiness or even anger.  Minute 12:37
Video presentation by Monica Lewinsky (*1973) US American former White House intern (1995-1996), media shaming target #1 due to a political sex scandal with US president Bill Clinton, 1998, social psychologist, anti-cyberbullying activist, The price of shame transcript, presented by TED Talks, Vancouver, Canada, filmed 19. March 2015, 22:31 minutes duration, posted 20. March 2015

 

Recommendations

  • If you want to be a real human being – a real woman, a real man – you cannot tolerate things which put you to indignation, to outrage. You must stand up. I always say to people, 'Look around; look at what makes you unhappy, what makes you furious, and then engage yourself in some action. Stéphane Hessel (1917-2013) German/naturalised French diplomat, ambassador, concentration camp survivor, French Resistance member, BCRA agent, writer, Time for Outrage, 2010, Twelve, 1st edition, 20. September 2011

 

Appeals

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All humans and societies are vulnerable and imperfect. In cruel societies missing out on human dignity vulnerability is seen as weakness, imperfection is seen as inadequacy. Many humans buy into the idea to be "less than", not worthy of belonging.

 

  • We talk a lot about our right to freedom of speech, but we need to talk more about our responsibility to freedom of speech. We all want to be heard, but let's acknowledge the difference between speaking up with intention and speaking up for attention. The Internet is the superhighway for the id, but online, showing empathy to others benefits us all and helps create a safer and better world. We need to communicate online with compassion, consume news with compassion, and click with compassion. Video presentation by Monica Lewinsky (*1973) US American former White House intern (1995-1996), media shaming target #1 due to a political sex scandal with US president Bill Clinton, 1998, social psychologist, anti-cyberbullying activist, The price of shame transcript, presented by TED Talks, Vancouver, Canada, minute 19:51, 22:31 minutes duration, filmed 19. March 2015, posted 20. March 2015

 

Insights

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Negative results: psychological, emotional, and organizational dysfunction

Unhealthy behaviors: undue fear, bullying, silencing of cautionary or creative voices, cliques, factionalizing, bootlicking, backbiting, gossiping, undermining, sabotage

Humiliation is actually more dangerous than plutonium. Robert W. Fuller, Ph.D. robertworksfuller.com (*1936) US American professor of physics, college president, dignity and rankism researcher, lecturer, author, The Dignity Revolution, UC-Berkeley, presented by TEDx Berkeley, aired 19. February 2011, YouTube film, 19:41 minutes duration, posted 23. March 2011; cited by blogger Renee Blodgett, 22. February 2011

 

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Cyberbullying: Scammers preying on Facebook users

 

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Shame is correlated with addiction, violence, aggression, bullying.

  • Shame is far more likely to cause destructive behaviors than it is to cure them. [...] Shame is highly correlated with addiction, violence, aggression, bullying. [...] Shame corrodes the part of us that believes we can change for the better. [...] Shame is 'I am that', guilt is 'I did that'. Brené Brown, Ph.D., LMSW brenebrown.com, US American shame, vulnerability, empathy researcher, lecturer, Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, lecturer, author, Is shame good?, YouTube film, minute 00:39, 3:12 minutes duration, posted 2. March 2008

 


"Dovedale by Moonlight", ~1785
Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-1797) English portrait painter
  • Socrates said that unless a dialog was conducted with gentleness and without malice it wouldn't work. It was a spiritual exercise. You go into a dialog prepared to be changed. It's no good [...] to say 'peace will break out if we all dialogue'. That usually means bludgeoning the other person to accept our point of view. […]
    "No bullying", Socrates said. You can't win a Socratic dialogue because everybody ends realizing they know nothing at all. And we've lost that. It is not enough for us to seek the truth we also want to humiliate and defeat our opponents.
    Before an election all they [the politicians] can do is blame the other people. And it all gets personal. [People would want to see some speech writing devices go out the window.] Audio interview with Karen Armstrong (*1944) British former Roman Catholic nun, scholar of comparative religion, "freelance theist", founder of the Charter of Compassion, commentator, author, A Call For Compassion, presented by CBC Radio Tapestry, host Mary Hynes, Canadian journalist, minute 24:25, 53:59 minutes duration, aired 13. March 2011

 

  • Millions of people, often anonymously, can stab you with their words, and that's a lot of pain, and there are no perimeters around how many people can publicly observe you and put you in a public stockade. There is a very personal price to public humiliation, and the growth of the Internet has jacked up that price. Video presentation by Monica Lewinsky (*1973) US American former White House intern (1995-1996), media shaming target #1 due to a political sex scandal with US president Bill Clinton, 1998, social psychologist, anti-cyberbullying activist, The price of shame transcript, presented by TED Talks, Vancouver, Canada, filmed 19. March 2015, minute 13:22, 22:31 minutes duration, posted 20. March 2015

 

  • Anyone who wants to rule men first tries to humiliate them, to trick them out of their rights and their capacity for resistance, until they are as powerless before him as animals. He uses them like animals and, even if he does not tell them so, in himself he always knows quite clearly that they mean just as little to him; when he speaks to his intimates he will call them sheep or cattle. His ultimate aim is to incorporate them into himself and to suck the substance out of them. What remains of them afterwards does not matter to him. The worse he has treated them, the more he despises them. When they are no more use at all, he disposes of them as he does of his excrement, simply seeing to it that they do not poison the air of his house. Elias Canetti (1905-1994) Bulgarian-born Swiss-British memoirist, modernist playwright, novelist, non-fiction writer, Nobel laureate in literature, 1981, Crowds and Power, Gollancz, United Kingdom edition 1962

 

  • [The Western culture] is not long on contradiction or ambiguity. […] It likes things to be simple, it likes things to be pigeonholed – good or bad, black or white, blue or red. And we're not that. We're more interesting than that. And the way that we go into the world understanding is to have these contradictions in ourselves and see them in other people and not judge them for it. To know that, in a world where debate has kind of fallen away and given way to shouting and bullying, that the best thing is not just the idea of honest debate, the best thing is losing the debate, because it means that you learn something and you changed your position. The only way really to understand your position and its worth is to understand the opposite.
    That doesn't mean the crazy guy on the radio who is spewing hate, it means the decent human truths of all the people who feel the need to listen to that guy. You are connected to those people. They're connected to him. You can't get away from it. This connection is part of contradiction. It is the tension I was talking about. This tension isn't about two opposite points, it's about the line in between them, and it's being stretched by them. We need to acknowledge and honor that tension, and the connection that that tension is a part of. Our connection is not just to the people we love, but to everybody, including people we can't stand and wish weren't around. The connection we have is part of what defines us on such a basic level. Joss Whedon (*1964) US American screenwriter, film and television producer, director, actor, composer, comic book author, Be All Your Selves. Embracing Our Inner Contradictions, 181st Commencement Address, Wesleyan University, 26. May 2013

 

 

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Bullying: Perverted alpha/dependence hierarchy

Article on the conference by TVOParents.org.

  • [T]he bully instinct to dominate is a perverted alpha/dependence hierarchy resulting in a hardened heart. The defenses in the brain get stuck so that the impulses associated with caring and responsibilty are very much more vulnerable leaving the instincts to dominate completey divorced from their intended biological evolutionary function (taking care of, resuming responsibility for). And that is the beginning of bullying. [Partially paraphrased.] Video presentation by Gordon Neufeld, Canadian clinical psychologist, coauthor, Bullies: Their Making and Unmaking, sponsored by KMT Child Development and Community conference, Toronto, Canada, 13-14 April 2012, filmed by TVOParents.com, YouTube film, minute 0:40:14, 1:09:19 duration, posted 2. April 2012

 

  • [The Western culture] is not long on contradiction or ambiguity. […] It likes things to be simple, it likes things to be pigeonholed – good or bad, black or white, blue or red. And we're not that. We're more interesting than that. And the way that we go into the world understanding is to have these contradictions in ourselves and see them in other people and not judge them for it. To know that, in a world where debate has kind of fallen away and given way to shouting and bullying, that the best thing is not just the idea of honest debate, the best thing is losing the debate, because it means that you learn something and you changed your position. The only way really to understand your position and its worth is to understand the opposite.
    That doesn't mean the crazy guy on the radio who is spewing hate, it means the decent human truths of all the people who feel the need to listen to that guy. You are connected to those people. They're connected to him. You can't get away from it. This connection is part of contradiction. It is the tension I was talking about. This tension isn't about two opposite points, it's about the line in between them, and it's being stretched by them. We need to acknowledge and honor that tension, and the connection that that tension is a part of. Our connection is not just to the people we love, but to everybody, including people we can't stand and wish weren't around. The connection we have is part of what defines us on such a basic level. Joss Whedon (*1964) US American screenwriter, film and television producer, director, actor, composer, comic book author, Be All Your Selves. Embracing Our Inner Contradictions, 181st Commencement Address, Wesleyan University, 26. May 2013

 

Quotes by various other sources

Personal avowals

Zitate von anderen Quellen

Persönliche Bekenntnisse

English section on Humiliation

From pride ⇒ honor ⇒ dignity

Dignity transition
 Human historyPlayersQuality of focusNegative emotionRanking of basic modes of socialityBalance
1.First 95%Simple hunter-gatherersPristine pride Communal sharing defines authority ranking – EM over MP Circular symmetry
coexistence – negotiation
2.Past 5%Complex agriculturistsCollectivistic ranked honorFear
Benevolent patronage
Fragmentation: Authority ranking defines communal sharing – EM over MPPyramidal assymetry
orders – coercion
2.-3.Present-day global villageModern-day menKnowledge societyHumiliation
Brutal domination
Globalization: Market pricing defines authority ranking – EM over CSDefied pyramidal assymetry
Defied coercion
3.Future equality in dignityFuture menDiverse mutuality
Co-globegalization
 Communal sharing defines authority ranking – EM over MPCircular symmetry
coexistence – negotiation
See also: ► Three historic periods of human development including two normative turning points – Evelin Lindner

 

Four basic modes of sociality – Alan Page Fiske, anthropologist
Sociality modeApproachTypeCreation stageFramingMega-frameFocus
1CSCommunal sharingIdealism-wisdom-moderationMelancholic-Estrogen typeConceptionDark womb – narrow space/context
Paradise
Conscious heavenNeocreative4
2EMEquality matchingBystanderism-adventuringPhlegmatic-Serotonin typeBirth canalLife-and-death struggleConscious hellParadoxical3
3ARAuthority rankingFollowership-buildingSanguinic-Dopamine typeLabourFall from grace
Paradise lost
Unconscious hellSymbolic2
4MPMarket pricingRealism-cynism-extremismCholeric-Testosterone typeBirthLight earth – bigger contextUnconscious heavenReal1

 

Sources:
William L. Ury, US American anthropologist, negotiation and mediation specialist, co-founder of Program on Negotiation, Harvard University, director of the Project on Preventing War, Harvard University, speaker, author, Getting to Peace. Transforming Conflict at Home, at Work, and in the World, S. 108, Viking Adult, New York City, New York, 27. September 1999
Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), A Dignity Economy. Creating an Economy that Serves Human Dignity and Preserves Our Planet, World Dignity University Press, Lake Oswego, Oregon, 2012
► Video presentation by Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), 23rd Dignity Conference 27: Global Dignity, Evelin Lindner, titled 'Returning Dignity', sponsored by Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies Network, 23rd Annual Conference, Chiang Mai University, Northern Thailand, day 5 out of 8.-12. March 2014, YouTube film, 12:43 minutes duration, posted 22. March 2014

 

The dignity transition [...], the great transition [demanded by Raskin and Stern], can only be brought about by public policy spurred by people pressure. […] [I]nclusivity of "tolerance" is a superior strategy for achieving unity in diversity. […] [F]unction and interest must trump form and position. Output rather than input must be emphasized. [...] Anthropologist Alan Page Fiske's work on the four basic modes of sociality suggests that communal sharing must be given primacy over the other three modes [Authority ranking, equality matching, market pricing]. Not dependence, not independence, but interdependence is the new buzzword. What is important is, furthermore, quality rather than quantity. The characteristics of the new paradigm are complex and multifaceted and they represent the "real wealth of nations" described by Riane Eisler. […] Subsidiarity is the suitable path for forging complex syntheses that can manifest unity in diversity. […]
[Important elements] to protect unity in diversity through balanced layers of subsidiarity in our global economic and political structures are:
  1. openness over silence,
  2. malleability over rigidity,
  3. unity in diversity over uniformity and division,
  4. oneness over fragmentation, joining hands in a global dignity transition.
Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), A Dignity Economy. Creating an Economy that Serves Human Dignity and Preserves Our Planet, chapter 10, S. 140, chapter 11, S. 146, chapter 12, S. 185, World Dignity University Press, Lake Oswego, Oregon, 2012

Punishment ⇔ reciprocation

Ranked honor versus equal dignity
Ranked honor – PunishmentEqual dignity – Reciprocation
Rankism·♦·Soul-sickness·♦·Domination systemSatyagraha·♦·Aloha·Spirit·♦·Namaste·♦·Likeverd
"Man is man's wolf."
Plautus, 195 BC
"Men is men's best remedy."
Native wisdom
"I think, therefore I am."
René Descartes, 1637
"I am because we are."
Ubuntu philosophy, early/mid-19th century
All men are born unequal.
Set common concept before 1757
"All men are created equal."
Growing common concept 1757-1948 onwards
"Faster, higher, stronger [exclusive]!"
Olympic Games motto1
SLOW · WIDE · DEEP · INCLUSIVE
Whole-brained mature approach
The ranked honor system seems to reward its killer types [honored psychopaths] and punish those who were damaged or killed.
James Comey, while serving the Bush administration, approved of water-boarding and indefinite detention without trial. US president Obama appointed him to head the FBI in June 2013. 
James Clapper, director of National Intelligence Agency (NSA), lied to Congress in denying NSA's surveillance of US citizens and worldwide. Edward Snowden is seeking asylum for whistle-blowing and revealing the extent of Clapper's lie.
After having played a central role in prolonging the Vietnam war (resulting in thousands of deaths) Henry Kissinger still receives public acclaim.The killed "useless" eaters remained mostly voiceless.
The bankers and investment brokers responsible for the 2008 meltdown of the economy received rewards and huge bonuses instead of prison sentences. Millions of Americans lost their homes.
Iceland removed, sued and jailed politicians, bankers and brokers.
The corporate leaders responsible for polluting air, water and land around the planet remain firmly in power.Environmentalists are being scorned and largely ignored by the Obama administration.
Following Sophie Scholl's execution Traudl Junge (*1922) became one of Hitler's secretaries. Deliberately ignoring all the warning voices inside her, the needy, naive woman was fascinated by the Führer and enjoyed her somebodiness in his entourage. Around 50 years later she realised that her youth was no excuse. Awakening from collective error can take a whole lifetime. Right after having delivered her confession interview published as a TV documentary in 2002, she died. German student, revolutionary of the non-violent resistance group White Rose in Nazi Germany, and whistleblower Sophie Scholl (1921-1943) was convicted of high treason and executed by guillotine. She had eyes to see, ears to hear, and a mouth to speak up against Hitler's Nazi Germany. She was not asking for Übermensch heroes, simply for ordinary humans who admit their shortcomings and fear. For her "Staatsfeindlichkeit" she had to pay with her young life.2
Hercules tried several attacks to drive the sea monster Hydra out of her cave. To no avail. Finally, Hercules came to kneel down and face the dragon at eye level – outwardly and inwardly.
See also: ► Reconciliation between Hercules and Hydra – a healing story

 

Ranked honor and equal dignity i.e. the ranking and unranking of the core value/essence of a human being are inherently irreconcilable. Functional hierarchies, humorous rankings, rankings of humility do not touch the core dignity of a person. Systems of unequal dignity maintain submission/domination and the craving for the elite status. Ranked honor is not divinely ordained but illegitimate humiliation.
Replacing ranked honor with equal dignity is yet failing because
  1. The transition proceeds both too slowly and too rapidly for people to understand that it is happening, and that they are required to engage proactively and constructively.
  2. People with the resources to effect change are not sufficiently motivated to invest them, whereas those who have the motivation lack the resources.
  3. Ingrained cultural practices linger on covertly. Covert manipulation exerts a stealth influence which is intricately linked to strong feelings that cannot be avoided.

 

Source: ► Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Emotion and Conflict. How Human Rights Can Dignify Emotion and Help Us Wage Good Conflict, Introduction, S. xx-xxi, Praeger Publishers, 2009

Hitler's extremist path ⇔ Mandela's moderate path

Antithetical ethical and moral frames
Proud dictatorship vs. humble co-egalization
Traditional ranked honor vs. mutual equal dignity (human rights)
IssueAdolf Hitler (1889-1945)
Germany's extremist path
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)
South Africa's moderate path
TypeExtremist dictator – directorModerate mediator – negotiator
EmotionFear of either winning or losingEmotional maturity
Characteristics
Achievements
"Lover" of a nation that he described as "feminine"
World dominator financed by American elites
Caught by unacknowledged shame
Caught by a master obsession [Jews plan to conquer the world and have to be preemptively eliminated]
Isolation from very early age
Applied the "art of propaganda" to exploit the emotional needs of the masses
Imbued the narrative of Aryan humiliation by Germany's neighbors and world jewry
Promised to retaliate and avert the disgrace of the Versailles Treaties
Chose genocide as conflict resolution
Renounced from the originally chosen extremist path
Refrained from walking the traditional path of honor
Freed himself from the dominator's message
Indisgraceable, he neither translated humiliation into shame, nor did he bypass shame.
Distanced himself from his own urge for revenge
Transformed his humiliated psyche within 27 years of imprisonment
Turned his brutal prison guards into friends
Facilitated the birth of a new social order based on respect for individual dignity
Attained shared humility without humiliation by including the humiliators (white upper class) as co-protectors of human rights
Did not force the white elites into submission
Humbled the former masters into equality in dignity
PhilosophyPatriarchal culture of ranked honor
Idolization of strength and potency
African spirit of Ubuntu
State of "being", code of principles for living together, strategy for conflict resolution
Dismantling the hierarchical system and its emotional expressions
ApproachDomination
Cruel and cynical retaliatory humiliation
Applied the "correct psychology" of seduction
Required from followers to die for him "with enthusiasm"
Mindfulness
Constructive transition out of humiliation
MessageEither-or
"Either you are strong and deserve to rule the world
or you are weak and deserve to be crushed."
As-well-as
Truth and Reconciliation
EffectMaximized ultimately unsustainable hubris to maintain supremacy through humiliating dominationStrived to optimize the human fit into a hugely complex universe
StrategyThe Führer directed German humiliation/destructive energy against his chosen targets.
Seduced Germans into a disastrous strategy for restoring their national honor
Dissipated the destructive energy engendered by bitterness
Implemented human rights rather than victimizing enemies
OutcomeDeath of millionsPeace and reconciliation
Leaving behind ten millennia of human history
Historic outlookThe twentieth century was fundamentally influenced by Hitler.
Driving the old order to the extreme
The twenty-first century will be shaped by Mandela's example.
Acknowledging the end of the old order

 

Both Mandela and Hitler understood the strength of the feelings stirred up by humiliation and appealed to the deepest wishes of their audiences. […] Hitler seduced the Germans into a disastrous strategy for restoring their national honor. Mandela gave the people of South African an ambitious strategy for gaining their human rights. […]
Mandela's approach resonated with the spirit of ubuntu, a traditional African philosophy, a way of life and state of "being," a code of principles for living together, and a strategy for conflict resolution. Ubuntu is a way of living together in community in an atmosphere of shared humility. Desmond Tutu's (1999) work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission drew on ubuntu.3
Hitler based his approach on a philosophy of honor and idolization of strength and potency. Hitler's message to Germany was "either you are strong and deserve to rule the world or you are weak and deserve to be crushed." Hitler's road led to the death of millions, Mandela's to peace. For Hitler, the anguish of German humiliation was a source of destructive energy to be directed against targets chosen by the Führer. For Mandela, the task was to dissipate the destructive energy engendered by bitterness, to concentrate on implementing human rights rather than victimizing enemies. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 8 The Humiliation Antidote, S. 142/143, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 


"The Pillory" from "The Costume of Great Britain, 1805
William Pyne (1769-1843) English painter
Nelson Mandela is a moderate. He succeeded in transforming his feelings of humiliation after 27 years of prison into a constructive contribution to social and societal change. He distanced himself from his own urge for revenge. However, someone like Mandela is seldom available. Moderation may then be best assured by third parties who are not involved in the conflict and can therefore easier commit themselves to safeguarding social cohesion in a respectful manner and without humiliating any participant. The involved opponents' feelings are often too hot to be moderate, at least during conflict peaks. Sometimes an overpowering force of moderates may be needed, especially when extremists were allowed to become leaders of political movements.
Mature, moderate, responsible people are called upon to invite young, intelligent people to follow the example of Nelson Mandela, and not to follow promoters of terror who have translated empathy with the suffering of the oppressed into an urge to retaliate with violence. Moderates of all camps and third parties around the world carry the responsibility for curbing extremism, inviting their representatives back into the camp of moderation, of patient change, and of long-term solutions. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 6 Humiliation and Terrorism, S. 120, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

Nelson Mandela was able to unite South Africa, one of the most bitterly divided nations on Earth, by the example of his own humility and humanity towards his vanquished enemies. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, Introduction, S. xvii, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

[Nelson] Mandela facilitated the birth of a new social order based on respect for individual dignity. Central to his effort was the inclusion of the humiliators, members of the white upper class, as co-protectors of human rights. In other words, Mandela solved the conflict by peacefully but firmly making Frederik Willem de Klerk and his followers understand that the old order was dying. Mandela attempted to attain shared humility without humiliation. He himself did not feel ashamed and therefore did not have to acknowledge suppressed or bypassed shame, even though he had been systematically put down and humiliated. Mandela had freed himself from the master's message. He carried his head high. He did not translate humiliation into shame. He rejected humiliation, like a master; and he refrained from walking the traditional path of honor. He did not force the white elite of South Africa into submission but humbled them into equality in dignity. He rejected humiliation by translating it into a force for profound constructive social change within the context of human rights call for equal dignity for all. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 6 How Human Rights Can Dignify, S. 84, Praeger Publishers, 2009

 


Assorted colorful precious stones
Nelson Mandela withstood being invaded by feelings of humiliation, in spite of many attempts to humiliate and break him. As a result, he is admired and revered as a wise man and hero. When arriving as a political prisoner on Robben Island, he "demonstrated a rare talent for conflict management. Meeting the raw brutality of the guards with human dignity, he built a relation of respect."4
Nelson Mandela applied a kind of "minimal justice" approach. He did not endlessly lament Apartheid, but firmly demanded justice in a respectful and measured way. After ascending to power, Mandela retained his style of careful measured moderation. He did neither bow when he was a disempowered victim, nor did he humiliate his former masters when in power. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 8 The Humiliation Antidote, S. 148, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

In former times the little people had little to say. The mob, the masses, or the crowds were not worth listening to. In our history books, the players are usually the rulers. Rebels and revolutionaries receive little space. The media or public opinion are absent. This has changed dramatically in recent times. The individual is among the most influential new forces in the global village. The voice of every person has more impact today than ever before. Everybody can, if determined, develop into a Mandela or a Hitler. Individuals can contribute to peace, like Mandela, or transform themselves into weapons of mass destruction, like Hitler. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 8 The Humiliation Antidote, S. 142, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

The art of propaganda lies in understanding the emotional ideas of the great masses and finding, through a psychologically correct form, the way to the attention and hence to the heart of the broad masses. Adolf Hitler ['Führer und Reichskanzler'] (1889-1945) Austrian-German fascist leader of the Nazi Party during the Third Reich (1933-1945), Mein Kampf, S. 165, Pimlico, London, 1925-1926, 1999

 

Humiliation cycles are so difficult to stop, it is vital that we resist the temptation to start them. This is the lesson the world learned from the greatest aberration in modern history, the Third Reich, which was a reaction in large part to Germany's humiliating defeat in World War I and the terms of the Versailles Treaties. Hitler's promise to avenge and avert such disgrace, and his grand narrative of Aryan humiliation at the hands of Germany's neighbors and "World Jewry," swept him from political obscurity to global domination. But the victors in World War II did not make the same mistake, and through the courage of the Marshall Plan (whatever its motives), Germany's second defeat did not lead to revenge but to its rebirth as a respected member of the European community. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, Introduction, S. xv, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

Thomas J. Scheff (*1929) stipulates that tyrants such as Hitler suffer from three symptoms:
  1. first, unacknowledged shame;
  2. second, a master obsession (in the case of Hitler, the belief that Jews planned to conquer the world and had to be preemptively eliminated);
  3. and third, isolation from very early age (in the case of Hitler from the age of six).5
Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.D., M.D. humiliationstudies.org (*1954) German physician, psychologist, transdisciplinary scholar in social sciences and humanities, human dignity researcher, founding president of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS), Making Enemies. Humiliation and International Conflict, chapter 7 The Humiliation Addiction, S. 134, Praeger Security International, Westport, Connecticut, 2006

 

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Historic example of the dignity code applied

We are just as little desirous of inflicting humiliation as we are of suffering it. Such desires, aside from being bad politics, are the mark of inferior breeding. It is, therefore, reasonable and politic for us – to try to help Sweden by concessions and liberality, so that the dissolution of the Union may be carried through without the Swedish people's feeling humiliated. Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930) Norwegian researcher, explorer, diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, crucial player in the peaceful dissolution of the "union" between Norway and Sweden, presented by Nansen Dialogue Network, Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930). A Life in the Service of Science and Humanity
In 1905, at the brink of war, Norway wished to liberate itself from the Swedish occupation.

 

References:
Adolf Hitler ['Führer und Reichskanzler'] (1889-1945) Austrian-German fascist leader of the Nazi Party during the Third Reich (1933-1945), Mein Kampf, Pimlico, London, 1925-1926, 1999
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) leading South African anti-apartheid activist, prisoner for 27 years during apartheid, first black president of South Africa (1994-1999), Long Walk to Freedom. The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela, Little Brown, London, 1994, Back Bay Books, 2. June 2008
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) leading South African anti-apartheid activist, prisoner for 27 years during apartheid, first black president of South Africa (1994-1999), Welcome to Robben Island, in: Fredrik S. Heffermehl, Peace Is Possible, S. 35 (87-89), International Peace Bureau (IPB), Geneva, Switzerland, supported by UNESCO, 2001
See also: ► Correlated typology chart

Four systemic practices of humiliation

Violations against human honor/shame/status ⇔ human dignity in equality/human rights
༺༻Type of
humiliation
LegendHonor humiliationDignity humiliation
1.ConquestStrong power reduces the relative autonomy of rivals, previously regarded as equals, and forces them into a position of long-term subordination. Creation of hierarchy or addition of a new upper tier within a hierarchical order.X 
2.RelegationAn individual or group is forcefully pushed downward within an existing status hierarchy.X 
3.ReinforcementRoutine abuse of those less powerful in order to maintain the induced meme of their inferiority.X 
4.ExclusionAn individual or group is forcefully ejected from society, for instance through banishment, exile, or physical extermination.XX
Adapted from source: ► D. Smith, Organisations and Humiliation. Looking Beyond Elias,
published by Organization, issue 8, No. 3, S. 543, 2001
See also: ► Dignity and ► Trauma and ► Gesetz 3:1 / Principle 3:1

Human experimentation – Torture-based CIA mind control

UNFERTIG

Time frameWar
August 1945Post World War
Cold War
Operation Paperclip – 104 repatriated German rocket/psychiatry scientists from Nazi Germany were recruited and given new identities by Office of Strategic Services (OSS) United States intelligence agency formed during World War6Operation Paperclip was the code name for the 1945 Office of Strategic Services, Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency recruitment of German scientists from Nazi Germany to the U.S. after VE Day.
1950-1953 Korean War
1953 CIA officially launched the Project MKUltra 
1958-1972Vietnam WarAlarmed by the shocking rapidity of American POWs' breakdowns and indoctrination by their communist captors, the CIA began investing in mind-control research.

 

Black-site torments were authorized at the highest levels of the White House and CIA to experiment on human beings. Reading the report through this lens casts a different light on questions of accountability and impunity.

 

 

11 September 2001War on terror

 

CIA established the MK-ULTRA Its earliest program phase involved hypnosis, electroshock and hallucinogenic drugs. The program evolved into experiments in psychological torture that adapted elements of Soviet and Chinese models, including longtime standing, protracted isolation, sleep deprivation and humiliation. Those lessons soon became an applied "science" in the Cold War.

 

During the Vietnam War, the CIA developed the Phoenix program, which combined psychological torture with brutal interrogations, human experimentation and extrajudicial executions. In 1963, the CIA produced a manual titled Kubark Counterintelligence Interrogation to guide agents in the art of extracting information from "resistant" sources by combining techniques to produce "debility, disorientation and dread." Like the communists, the CIA largely eschewed tactics that violently target the body in favor of those that target the mind by systematically attacking all human senses in order to produce the desired state of compliance. The Phoenix program model was incorporated into the curriculum of the School of the Americas, and an updated version of the Kubark guide, produced in 1983 and titled Human Resource Exploitation Manual, was disseminated to the intelligence services of right-wing regimes in Latin America and Southeast Asia during the global "war on communism."

 

In the mid-1980s, CIA practices became the subject of congressional investigations into US-supported atrocities in Central America. Both manuals became public in 1997 as a result of Freedom of Information Act litigation by The Baltimore Sun. That would have seemed like a "never again" moment.

 

But here we are again. This brings us back to Mitchell and Jessen. Because of their experience as trainers in the military's Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape (SERE) program, after 9/11 they were contacted by high-ranking Pentagon officials and, later, by lawyers who wanted to know whether some of those SERE techniques could be reverse-engineered to get terrorism suspects to talk.

 

The road from abstract hypotheticals (can SERE be reverse-engineered?) to the authorized use of waterboarding and confinement boxes runs straight into the terrain of human experimentation. On April 15, 2002, Mitchell and Jessen arrived at a black site in Thailand to supervise the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah, the first "high-value detainee" captured by the CIA. By July, Mitchell proposed more coercive techniques to CIA headquarters, and many of these were approved in late July. From then until the program was dry-docked in 2008, at least thirty-eight people were subjected to psychological and physical torments, and the results were methodically documented and analyzed. That is the textbook definition of human experimentation.
Jacqui Deevoy, 6. February 2015 ||

Reference: ► en.Wikipedia Human experimentation
See also: ► Bewusstseinskontrolle
Three historic periods of human development including two normative turning points – Evelin Lindner

Charts on bullying

 

Links on the topic Humiliation / Erniedrigung

Literature (engl.)

Literatur

Tracing the historical impact of polarized thinking from ancient Greece and Rome down to Hitler, Stalin and Bush. The damage and destruction to civilization because of "I'm right, you are wrong" thinking is staggering.

External web links (engl.)


Externe Weblinks


Audio and video links (engl.)

Infos on narcissistic abuse by narcissists and psychopaths: Narcissistic Abuse Malignant Self-love: Narcissism Revisited, Healthyplace.com
See also: Lloyd deMause, Personality types, parenting styles, historical-cultural-political manifestations

For the last seven years, Boddy has studied the evidence and effects of toxic leadership, and the social influence of the presence of corporate psychopaths on various workplace outcomes, including on levels of conflict and bullying at work. In Australia psychopaths are responsible for 26% corporate bullying.

Audio- und Videolinks

 

Interne Links

Englisch Wiki

Hawkins

 

 

1 The Olympic Games motto "Citius, Altius, Fortius" [Latin] was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin on the creation of the International Olympic Committee in 1894.

2 "Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don't dare express themselves as we did." Sophie Scholl (1921-1943) German student, revolutionary of the non-violent resistance group White Rose in Nazi Germany, convicted of high treason and executed by guillotine, 1943, statement to the People's Court (Volksgerichtshof) presided by Roland Freisler (1893-1945) Nazi lawyer and judge, state secretary of the Reich Ministry of Justice, 21. February 1943

3 Michael Jesse Battle, Reconciliation. The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu, Pilgrim Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1997

4 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, Welcome to Robben Island, in: Fredrik S. Heffermehl, Peace Is Possible, S. 35 (87-89), International Peace Bureau (IPB), Geneva, Switzerland, supported by UNESCO, 2001

5 Eilert Sundt lecture by Thomas J. Scheff, researcher on the sociology of emotions, Emotions and Politics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, 24. October 2002

6 Annie Jacobsen, US American investigative journalist, author, Pulitzer Prize finalist in history, 2016, Operation Paperclip. The Secret Intelligence Program to Bring Nazi Scientists to America, Little, Brown and Company, new edition 11. February 2014

 

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