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Göttin – Weibliche Archetypen

 

 

 

Emblem 2d: Seine Säugamme ist die Erde.
Buchillustration in: Michael Maier,
Atalanta Fugiens, 1617/1618
entnommen: Alexander Roos,
Alchemie und Mystik, Köln, 2007

 


 

X

Göttin...

Zitate zum Thema Göttin / Goddess

Zitate allgemein

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Tod für Ehebrecher im Alten Testament

Wenn jemand gefunden wird, der bei einem Weibe schläft, die einen Ehemann hat, so sollen sie beide sterben, der Mann und das Weib, bei dem er geschlafen hat. 5. Mose 22, 22, 28 (NT)

 

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Zwangsheirat für Vergewaltigte und Vergewaltiger

Wenn jemand an eine Jungfrau kommt, die nicht verlobt ist, und ergreift sie und schläft bei ihr, und es findet sich also, 29 so soll, der bei ihr geschlafen hat, ihrem Vater fünfzig Silberlinge geben und soll sie zum Weibe haben, darum dass er sie geschwächt hat; er kann sie nicht lassen sein Leben lang. 5. Mose 22, 28 (NT)

 

Persönliche Bekenntnisse

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Der Prophet Elia ermordete im Auftrage Jahwes Anhänger der Göttin.

  • Meine Mitarbeiter im theologischen Ausschuss bemerkten zunächst nicht, dass der Prophet Elia als Mörder dargestellt und von Gott selbst zum Morden ermutigt wird. Auch mir war das früher entgangen. Man ist einfach zu sehr daran gewöhnt, die Bibel mit der patriarchalischen Brille zu lesen, und aus diesem Blickwinkel erscheint Töten und Morden gerechtfertigt, wenn es den heidnischen Kult vernichtet, und den Jahwe-Kult stärkt. Das Böse muss schließlich vernichtet werden und dass der Göttin-Kult, der im Lande Ägypten und Kanaan geübt wurde, böse sei, hat Jahwe selbst seinem Propheten geoffenbart, wie z.B. Elias Geschichte darstellt. Elga Sorge (*1940) deutsche feministische Theologin, Religion und Frau. Weibliche Spiritualität im Christentum, S. 54, Kohlhammer, 1985, 5. Auflage 1988
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Verdrängung der Göttin

  • Die Göttin wurde allmählich in die Tiefen der Wälder oder auf die Gipfel der Berge zurückgedrängt, wo sie in den Vorstellungen der Menschen und Märchen bis heute fortlebt. Aus dieser Verdrängung rührt die Entfremdung der Menschen von den Wurzeln des irdischen Lebens, deren Folgen in der modernen Gesellschaft unübersehbar zutage treten. Doch der ewige Kreislauf der Natur setzt sich unaufhörlich fort, und wir erleben heute, dass die Göttin aus den Wäldern und von den Bergen zu uns zurückkehrt und, indem sie uns zu den ältesten Wurzeln der Menschheit zurückführt, unsere Hoffnung für die Zukunft aufleben lässt. Marija Gimbutas carnaval.com (1921-1994) litauische-amerikanische Prähistorikerin, Anthropologin, Autorin, Die Sprache der Göttin. Das verschüttete Symbolsystem der westlichen Zivilisation, S. ?, Verlag Zweitausendeins, Frankfurt am Main, Affoltern a.A., 1995, 2000

 


Göttin Isis mit ausgestreckten Armen
Karnak, Ägypten, ~1360 v. Chr.

 

  • Die Göttin ist Metapher für die Selbstverständlichkeit, aus der heraus die Frau frei über ihr Leben und ihren Körper verfügt, ihre Sexualität feiert, ihre Umwelt aktiv mitgestaltet und mitwirkt, menschliche Kultur zu erschaffen, zu gestalten und zu verändern. […] Die Göttin beflügelt die Kreativität von Frauen. Sie macht uns Mut in die Öffentlichkeit hinein zu wirken und das patriarchale Bewusstsein zu überwinden […]. Sie vertritt ein Weltbild, in dem die Beherrschung und die Unterdrückung von Frauen und Kindern durch den Mann oder die rücksichtslose Ausbeutung der Natur geächtet sind […]. Das Weltbild der Göttin ist von höchster politischer Brisanz. […] Nur wenn die Göttin wieder ins Licht des Bewusstseins rückt, kann das Patriarchat, diese chronische Krankheit der menschlichen Kultur, überwunden werden. Gerda Weiler gerda-weiler-stiftung.de (1921-1994) deutsche Psychologin, Pädagogin, Matriarchatsforscherin, Autorin, Ich brauche die Göttin. Zur Kulturgeschichte eines Symbols, fembio.org, S. 21, Ulrike Helmer Verlag, 1997

 

  • Denn Matriarchate sind keine seitenverkehrten Patriarchate, sie sind keine Gesellschaften, in denen Frauen angemaßte Macht ausgeübt hätten. Frauenmacht und Matriarchat – wenn uns schon keine anderen Worte zur Verfügung stehen in unserer von patriarchaler Begrifflichkeit verderbten Sprache – erinnern an weibliche Würde. Sie erinnern uns an Gesellschaften, in denen Frauen frei über sich selbst verfügt und ihr Selbstverständnis und ihre Bestätigung aus dem Bewusstsein von innewohnender Kraft und aus besonderer Befähigung hergeleitet haben. Gerda Weiler gerda-weiler-stiftung.de (1921-1994) deutsche Psychologin, Pädagogin, Matriarchatsforscherin, Autorin, Ich brauche die Göttin. Zur Kulturgeschichte eines Symbols, fembio.org, S. 21-22, Ulrike Helmer Verlag, 1997

 

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"Gott" vs. "Göttin"

Sexismus in der Sprache

  • Nur wenige Wörter verraten so viel über die Vorurteile der westlichen Kulturen gegen die Geschlechter wie das Wort Göttin im Vergleich zu Gott. Die modernen Bedeutungen des Wortes unterscheiden sich völlig von denen anderer Völker, für die die Große Göttin eine völlig eigenständige, in Würde auftretende Elternfigur war. Sie schuf das Universum mit seinen Gesetzen, und sie gebot über Natur, Schicksal, Zeit, Wahrheit, Weisheit, Gerechtigkeit, Liebe, Geburt, Tod usw. Barbara G. Walker (*1930) US-amerikanische kulturanthropologische Forscherin, Journalistin, feministische Autorin, Das geheime Wissen der Frauen, S. 322, Zweitausendeins, Frankfurt am Main, 1993, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag (dtv), 1995, Arun-Verlag, 3. Auflage 17. Dezember 2007

 

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Englisches Originalwerk:

The First Sex, veröffentlicht 1971

  • Selbst der allmächtige Jahwe, der Gott Moses und der späteren Hebräer, war ursprünglich eine Göttin, Iahu-’Anat, deren Name sogar von der sumerischen Göttin gestohlen worden war. Theodor Reik fragt, was eigentlich mit der ursprünglichen Göttin der Juden geschah. Dann gibt er selbst die Antwort: "Die Torah bildet die Grundlage, auf der das Judentum ruht. Sie wird für älter als die Welt gehalten und ihr wird eine kosmische Rolle (bei der Schöpfung) zugeschrieben. [...] Selbst in dieser verwässerten Form erkennen wir noch die zuerst weibliche Göttin." (Theodor Reik (1888-1969) österreichischer Freudscher Psychoanalytiker, Pagan Rites in Judaism, S. 76, Farrar, Straus, 1964) Und Robert Aron macht sich Gedanken über die vormosaischen Juden. Er fragt, wen sie vor Jehova verehrten. Und er kommt zu dem Schluss, von Reik: Torah, die älter als Gott ist (Robert Aron (1898-1975) französischer Autor zu politischen und historischen Themen, The God of the Beginnings, S. 10-11, William Morrow & Co., ex-library edition 1966) […]
    Raphael Patai weist auf vierzig Stellen im Alten Testament hin, in denen die Göttinnenverehrung unter den Hebräern erwähnt ist (Raphael Patai [Ervin György Patai] (1910-1996) ungarisch-jüdischer Ethnograph, Historiker, Orientalist, Anthropologe, Autor, The Hebrew Goddess, Wayne State University Press, 1967, 3rd enlarged edition 1. September 1990), selbst nach all den späteren patriarchalen Ausgaben. In der Zeit des Jeroboam teilte die Göttin den Tempel mit Jehova. Und der Grund, warum Jezebel solch einen schlechten Ruf unter Christen und Juden hat, ist der, dass sie für die Göttin und gegen Jehova war und König Ahab zu ihrem Glauben an die Göttin bekehrt hatte.
    "So tief war der Göttinnenkult in Palästina verwurzelt", schreibt E.O. James, "dass alle drastischen Reformversuche von Seiten der Jahweisten bis zum Ende der Königherrschaft überdauerte". (E. O. James (1888-1972) britischer Professor emeritus für Religionsgeschichte und -philosophie, Universität von London, Anthropologe mit Schwerpunkt vergleichende Religionswissenschaft, The Ancient Gods, S. 91-92, 1960, Booksales, June 2004). Elisabeth Gould Davis (1910-1974) US-amerikanische Bibliothekarin, Feministin, Autorin, Am Anfang war die Frau, S. 64-65, Verlag Frauenoffensive, 1977

 

  • Wissenschaft kannst du in Wahrheit nur dann betreiben, wenn du dir bewusst bist, dass jede zugrundeliegende Denkweise und jede angewendete Methode der Betrachtung den betrachteten Gegenstand um so stärker verfälscht, je absoluter (also unkritischer) du solche Voraussetzungen hinnimmst. Und wenn du deine Denkweise und deine Methoden für die einzig tauglichen zur Wahrheitsfindung erachtest, wirst du nur noch Absurdes produzieren und merkst es womöglich nicht einmal. Hans Bemmann (1922-2003) deutscher Schriftsteller, Die beschädigte Göttin, 1990, Goldmann, 1. Auflage 8. November 1995   

 


Rosa Ave Maria
  • Die Forschung brachte ein Grundmuster matriarchaler Mythologie ans Licht, das im gesamten Raum, der später indo-europäisiert wurde, existiert, d. h. in Indien, Persien, Ägypten, im gesamten Mittelmeerraum und in Europa. Es enthält die Struktur der Großen Göttin in ihrer dreifachen Gestalt als Mädchen-Frau-Greisin, welche die drei Zonen der Welt: Himmel-Erde-Unterwelt regiert. Sie hat überall die gleichbleibenden Funktionen der Lichtbringerin (Mädchengöttin), der Liebes- und Lebensbringerin (Frauengöttin) und der Bringerin von Tod und Wiedergeburt (Greisingöttin). Ihr sind in ihren drei Gestalten bestimmte irdische und kosmische Symbole, bestimmte heilige Tiere und magische Gegenstände zugeordnet, wie z. B. Pfeil und Bogen aus Silber der Mädchengöttin, der rote Liebesapfel der Frauengöttin, Spindel und Schicksalsfaden der Greisingöttin. Heide Göttner-Abendroth (*1941) deutsche Philosophin, Matriarchatsforscherin, Text entnommen von Webseite goettner-abendroth.de, Status 2013

 

  • Mythenforscher, die Bearbeiter mythischer Überlieferungen und die Herausgeber von Mythensammlungen wenden drei verschiedene Taktiken an, um Wissen über Göttinnen zurückzuhalten.
    1. Als erstes ignorieren sie sie einfach. Das ist am einfachsten. Wenn man in den angeblich "umfassenden" Lexika der Mythologie liest, gewinnt man den Eindruck, dass die Gottheiten aller Kulturen zum größten Teil männlich waren […]
    2. Als zweites versäumen es die Experten der Mythologie, die Göttinnen beim Namen zu nennen […]
      Eine raffinierte Form dieser Namensverneinung besteht darin, die Göttin, Halbgöttin oder matriarchalische Heldin als "Tochter des Mondgottes" oder "Potiphars Weib" zu deklarieren […]
    3. Drittens bauen viele Autoren ihre Werke so auf, dass deutlich die Götter im Mittelpunkt stehen. Zunächst werden auf breitem Raum die Mythen um die einzelnen Götter erzählt, dann die ihnen 'zugeordneten' Göttinnen in einem einzigen Nachsatz nachgereicht.
Patricia Monaghan (1946-2012) US-amerikanische spirituelle Aktivistin in der zeitgenössischen Bewegung der weiblichen Spiritualität, Dichterin, Autorin, Lexikon der Göttinnen. Ein Standardwerk der Mythologie, S. 7-8, O. W. Barth Verlag, München, 1. Auflage Januar 2000

 

  • Das ursprüngliche Symbol für das "Unsagbare" ist die Göttin. Die Göttin hat unendliche Eigenschaften und Tausende von Namen – Sie ist die Wirklichkeit hinter vielen Methaphern. Sie ist Wirklichkeit, die offenbarte Gottheit, allgegenwärtig in allem Lebendigen, in jedem Menschen. Die Göttin ist nicht von der Welt getrennt – Sie ist die Welt, und sie ist alles in ihr: Mond, Sonne, Erde, Sterne, Steine, Samen, fließender Strom, Wind, Welle, Blatt und Ast, Knospe und Blüte, Reißzahn und Klaue, Frau und Mann. Starhawk (*1951) US-amerikanische Psychologin, Feministin, ökopolitische Aktivistin, Autorin von göttinnenreligionzentrierter Literatur, Der Hexenkult als Ur-Religion der Großen Göttin. Magische Übungen, Rituale und Anrufungen, S. 21, Goldmann, 1999

 


Ceres, Statue der römischen Göttin der Landwirtschaft
  • Die Bedeutung des Göttin-Symbols für die Frauen kann nicht genug betont werden. Das Bild der Göttin inspiriert uns Frauen, uns selbst als göttlich, unsere Körper als geweiht, die wechselnden Phasen unseres Lebens als heilig, unsere Aggression als gesund, unseren Zorn als reinigend und unsere Macht, zu stillen und zu gebären, aber notfalls auch zu begrenzen und zu zerstören, als die eigentliche Kraft zu betrachten, die alles Leben erhält. Durch die Göttin können wir unsere Stärke entdecken, unseren Geist erleuchten, unseren Körper uns zu eigen machen und unsere Gefühle annehmen. Wir können aus unseren engen, einengenden Rollen ausbrechen und wir selbst werden. Starhawk (*1951) US-amerikanische Psychologin, Feministin, ökopolitische Aktivistin, Autorin von göttinnenreligionzentrierter Literatur, Der Hexenkult als Ur-Religion der Großen Göttin. Magische Übungen, Rituale und Anrufungen, S. 23, Goldmann, 1999

 

  • Wenn Menschen sich Gott männlich vorstellen, so sind alle Männer gottähnlich, zumindest gottähnlicher als Frauen [...]. Da der Weg zum Einen, Einzigen Gott in einer patriarchalisch geprägten Umwelt und Epoche stattfand, blieb es nicht aus, dass auch das Bild dieses Gottes androzentrische, patriarchale Züge bekam [...]. Die weibliche Symbolik wurde der menschlichen Seite zugeordnet; so wird das Volk Israel, die Kirche, die Menschheit als Braut oder (meist treulose) Ehefrau vorgestellt. Wobei die Beschreibung der Beziehung Gott/Menschheit in männlich-weiblicher Terminologie, erstmals ausgeprägt beim Propheten Hosea, durchaus als Fortschritt (?) anzusehen ist!. Ruth Ahl, katholische Publizistin Eure Töchter werden Prophetinnen sein... Kleine Einführung in die Feministische Theologie, S. 44-45, Herder Verlag GmbH, 1. Auflage Februar 1993

 

  • Der Begriff Göttinnen umfasst für mich Frauen, die irgendwann einmal gelebt haben oder belebt wurden, die verehrt wurden, als Vorbilder galten – lebendige weibliche Energien, die sich manifestieren in realen Frauen, in Ahninnen, in Legenden- und Sagengestalten, in der Literatur. Frauengestalten, die vielleicht oder religiös überhöht wurden, Frauen, die wir lieben und von denen wir lernen. Luisa Francia (*1949) deutsche Filmemacherin, Malerin, feministische Autorin, Eine Göttin für jeden Tag, S. 22, Verlag Frauenoffensive, München, 1996

 

  • Mit den auch historisch ältesten Darstellungen der Großen Mutter als Steinzeitgöttin taucht der Archetyp des Großen Weiblichen mit einem Male und in überwältigender Ganzheit und Vollkommenheit in der Welt der Menschen auf. Diese Figuren der Großen Göttin sind, abgesehen von den Höhlenmalereien, die ältesten Kultwerke und Kunstwerke der Menschheit, die wir kennen. Erich Neumann (1905-1960) deutsch-israelischer Psychologe, Psychoanalytiker, Schriftsteller, Die Große Mutter. Die weiblichen Gestaltungen des Unterbewussten, S. 99, Patmos, Bollingen, Serie 47, 1955, 11. Auflage 15. Juni 2003

 

  • So tief war der Göttinnenkult in Palästina verwurzelt, dass er alle drastischen Reformversuche von Seiten der Jahweisten bis zum Ende der Königsherrschaft überdauerte. E. O. James (1888-1972) britischer Professor emeritus für Religionsgeschichte und -philosophie, Universität von London, Anthropologe mit Schwerpunkt vergleichende Religionswissenschaft, The Ancient Gods, S. 91, 1960, Booksales, June 2004

 

  • Mehr und mehr beweist die Archäologie, dass es in der Tat wirklich ein Goldenes Zeitalter gab, eine gynaikokratische Epoche, die unzählige Jahrtausende andauerte, bis über die Dämmerung der geschriebenen Geschichte herauf. [...] Der Mann war friedfertig, die Gottheit weiblich und die Frau überragend. Frieden und Gerechtigkeit herrschten unter einer allbarmherzigen Göttin, und die langen Kleider der Priesterinnen sind bis zum heutigen Tag das Gewand der männlichen Priester, die später folgten.
    Der Monotheismus, von dem man einst glaubte, Moses oder Echnaton habe ihn erfunden, war in der Vor- und Frühgeschichte weit verbreitet. Es scheint, Evans hatte recht, wenn er behauptete, dass es ein Monotheismus war, in dem die "weibliche Form der Göttin vorherrschte". E. O. James (1888-1972) britischer Professor emeritus für Religionsgeschichte und -philosophie, Universität von London, Anthropologe mit Schwerpunkt vergleichende Religionswissenschaft, The Ancient Gods, S. 250, 1960, Booksales, June 2004

 

Literatur-Zitate

  • Es ist keine Kunst,
    ➤ eine Göttin zur Hexe,
    ➤ eine Jungfrau zur Hure zu machen;
aber zur umgekehrten Operation,
Würde zu geben dem Verschmähten,
➤ wünschenswert zu machen das Verworfene,
dazu gehört entweder Kunst oder Charakter.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) deutscher Universalgelehrter, Bühnendichter, Schriftsteller, umfangreichste Gedichtsammlung West-östlicher Divan, Epen. Maximen und Reflexionen, 1819, erweitert 1827

General quotes

Male initiation

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Myth of Hephaistos ♦ Zeus ♦ Athena ♦ liberating the pineal gland

  • Here we have a famous alchemical symbol. The alchemist is chopping the head open of an old man – right where the pineal gland is [located]. And then Athena, or this woman, this Goddess, comes out. What it is saying is when you free your pineal gland your inner power is revealed. And it's strange because the inner power is not masculine. It's feminine, because men actually can't create anything. It's women who create everything. Men create culture for women, but it's women who told me to create culture. […]
    When we understand the secret of the pineal gland then we're going to be liberated. We're going to first understand what a terrible predicament we're in. And then we're going to have an extended life span which is going to stop the freaky kind of life that we're living now where we're trying to get everything done at once, because they're so afraid we're going to die. When we're liberated from this idea of death no one can control us. Video presentation by Jay Weidner SacredMysteries.com (*1953) US American film producer, scholar on hermetic and alchemical traditions, author, sponsored by The New Beginning Conference, Washington DC, March 2009, filmed by Sacred Mysteries TV, YouTube film, Hyperdimensional Alchemy, part 7 of 13, minute 11:15, 14:49 minutes duration, posted 4. March 2012
  • In most 'traditional religions' the supreme or only deity is male. But what we are now learning is that our most ancient traditions are traditions in which both men and women worshipped a Great Mother, a Great Goddess who was the mother of both divine daughters and divine sons. Caroline Myss, Ph.D. Myss.com (*1952) US American spiritual teacher, mystic, medical intuitive, five-time New York Times bestselling author,  Goddess Spirituality, presented by the library of Caroline Myss Education Institute (CMED), undated

 


Doritis – Dendrobium bigibbum

 

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The god image of monotheism is abnormal and a-relational.

  • Monotheism does not mirror human society. Humans are first and foremost social animals. A deity who was alone, not by choice but because there were no other companions for Him, was a concept without parallel in human society. The god of the Israelites did not have a wife, a son, a daughter, or a mother. Leonard Shlain, M.D. sextimeandpower.com (1937-2009) US American chairman of laparoscopic surgery, associate professor of surgery, UC San Francisco, researcher, writer, The Alphabet Versus the Goddess, Penguin, 1. September 1999

 

 

  • Any development, at any stage, that strives toward patriarchal consciousness, toward the sun, looks on the moon spirit as the spirit of regression, as the terrible mother, as a witch. Erich Neumann (1905-1960) German psychologist, psychoanalyst, writer, The Origins and History of Consciousness, Bollingen Series, S. 42, Princeton University Press, 1970

 

  • The function of myth is to put us in sync – with ourselves, with our social group, and with the environment in which we live.
    One of the most interesting and simple ways to get this message is from the mythologies of the Navaho. Every single detail of the desert in which they live has been deified, and the land has become a holy land because it is revelatory of mythological entities. When you recognize the mythological aspect of Mother Nature, you have turned nature itself into an icon, into a holy picture, so that wherever you go, you’re getting the message that the divine power is working for you.
    Modern culture has desanctified our landscape and we think that to go to the holy land we have to go to Jerusalem. The Navaho would say, 'This is it, and you’re it.' Joseph Campbell, Ph.D. (1904-1987) US American mythologist, expert in comparative mythology and comparative religion, Safron Elsabeth Rossi, editor, Goddesses. Mysteries of the Feminine Divine, S.19, New World Library, Series Collected Works of Joseph Campbell, 10. December 2013

 

  • One of the great disadvantages of a literary or scriptural tradition like the biblical one is that a deity or context of deities becomes crystallized, petrified at a certain time and place. The deity doesn't continue to grow, expand, or take into account new cultural forces and new realizations in the sciences, and the result is this make-believe conflict we have in our culture between science and religion. Joseph Campbell, Ph.D. (1904-1987) US American mythologist, expert in comparative mythology and comparative religion, Safron Elsabeth Rossi, editor, Goddesses. Mysteries of the Feminine Divine, S.?, New World Library, Series Collected Works of Joseph Campbell, 10. December 2013

 

 

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Sun worship and personal property

  • The rise of masculine power and of patriarchal society probably started when man began to accumulate personal, as over against communal, property and found that his personal strength and prowess could increase his personal possessions. This change in secular power coincided with the rise of sun worship under a male priesthood. […] Sun worship was usually introduced and established by an edict of a military dictator, as happened in Babylon and Egypt, and probably other countries as well. Mary Esther Harding (1888-1971) US American Jungian analyst, author, Woman's Mysteries. Ancient & Modern, Shambhala, 1. May 2001

 

  • [T]he rising feminine doesn't mean much unless she's rising up through actual people. The goddess is asking for more than crystals and cut velvet scarves. She's asking for some fierceness and courage, too. Interview with Marianne Williamson (*1952) US American spiritual teacher, political activist, visionary, lecturer, author, Consciousness and Politics, presented by US American online newspaper The Huffington Post, Marianne Schnall, 9. November 2012

 

  • For the deepest passion of the Western mind has been to reunite with the ground of its being. The driving impulse of the West's masculine consciousness has been its dialectical quest not only to realize itself, to forge its own autonomy, but also, finally, to recover its connection with the whole, to come to terms with the great feminine principle in life: to differentiate itself from but then to rediscover and reunite with the feminine, with the mystery of life, of nature, of soul. Richard Tarnas, Ph.D. (*1950) US American professor of philosophy and psychology, non-profit institution of higher education California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS), cultural historian, astrologer, author, magisterial The Passion of the Western Mind. Understanding the Ideas That Have Shaped Our World View, closing pages, 1991

 

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Triune Goddess

Waxing moon ❄ full moon ❄ waning moon ✿ Maiden ❄ Mother ❄ Crone ✿ Kore ❄ Demeter ❄ Hecate

  • According to ancient tradition the Great Goddess was always triple. Her triplicity is to be seen in the waxing moon, the full moon, and the waning moon, and in how she ruled the upper world, the earth, and the underworld. In human terms she was Maiden, Mother, and Crone. It is these major phases of a woman's life, and the other triplicities by analogy, that are encompassed by Demeter's story. For Demeter sees herself as innocent and untouched Maiden in her daughter, Kore. She is Mother of that daughter and of all that grows. And when she loses Kore, she plays the old woman, the Crone, whose childbearing years are gone and who stands close to the end of the cycle, to death. Jennifer Barker Woolger, Roger Woolger, Ph.D. (1944-2011) British-American psychotherapist, Jungian analyst, lecturer, author specializing in past life regression, spirit release and shamanic healing, The Goddess Within. A Guide to the Eternal Myths that Shape Women's Lives, chapter 7 Demeter: Mother of us All, Ballantine Books, 7. October 1989

 

 

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Goddesses

❄ Buddhist-Asian: Kuan Yin ❄ Hindu-Indian: Sarasvati, Parvati, Lakshmi, Durga, Kali Christian-Western: Mother Mary ❄ Greek-Roman: Athena/Minerva, Artemis/Diana, Aphrodite/Venus, Demeter/Ceres, Hera/Juno, Persephone/Proserpina, Hestia/Vesta

  • "Divine feminine" covers a lot of concepts and feelings. There are many, many goddess archetypes from virtually all cultures of the Earth. In Buddhist cosmology we find Kuan Yin, the goddess of mercy and compassion – who is very much cut from the same cloth as Mary, the mother of Jesus in Christian theology. In Hindu culture we find Sarasvati, the muse who inspires all music, poetry, drama and science; as well as Parvati, the wife of Shiva and mother of Ganesha; Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity; Durga, the warrior goddess who defends against evil; and Kali, the destroyer, who gets rid of that which no longer serves and paves the way for new life.
    In Western culture we are very much influenced by the ancient Greek and Roman goddesses: Aphrodite, or her Roman counterpart, Venus, the goddess of love; Demeter (Ceres), goddess of agriculture; Artemis (Diana), goddess of the hunt and of nature; Hestia (Vesta), goddess of the hearth, and so on.
    In Jungian terms, these women are not so much deities or personalities to be worshipped, yet it's important to recognize that all of these goddesses – and many more – were once part of myth and religion. They were worshipped for thousands of years – since before the patriarchy said that there is only a divine masculine. They are now latent patterns in the collective unconscious, waiting to be reimagined and made a conscious part of ourselves.
    The divine feminine is not a crossed-dressed version of the masculine deity; goddess is not god in drag! Her attributes are different. My sense is that most people who feel connected to the divine feminine find her through their response to beauty in nature or a body-soul response to her presence as subtle energy in a relationship to a person or a place, while the divine masculine is more often sensed as transcendent spirituality, an experience of spirit, which has evoked worship. Both are numinous and personal, inspire awe and have an ineffable component, beyond words. Phone interview with Jean Shinoda Bolen, M.D. jeanbolen.com US American Jungian analyst, proactive women researcher and supporter, crone, spiritual teacher, author, presented by US American magazine The MOON, host Leslee Goodman, She lives, March 2015  

 

  • The Goddess Sophia's androgeneity and her intensive repertoire of metaphors exemplifies her availability to both men and women; for she symbolically reconciles the left and right halves of the brain – the intellectual and intuitive sides which have been seen as masculine and feminine. […]
    Sophia is not a Goddess for women or men exclusively. She will give us a totality of wisdom, if we accept her for both the practical Earth wisdom of the Black Goddess and the transcendent cosmic wisdom of the World-Soul which are equally available to us. Caitlin Matthews (*1952) English author on alternative history on ceremonial magic, Celtic mythology, neoshamanism, Sophia. Goddess of Wisdom, Bride of God, Quest Books, 10. January 1991, revised edition 1. May 2001

 

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Sensitive men lacking positive myths

  • Lacking positive myths to guide him, many a sensitive contemporary man finds only the model of the machine beckoning him from every side to make himself over into its image. Rollo May may-rollo (1909-1994) US American existential psychologist, author, Psychology and the Human Dilemma, S. 30, W. W. Norton & Company, 17. April 1996

 

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Sexually independent virgin goddesses:

Ishtar, Isis, Astarte, Diana ✿ sexually dependent virgin mother: Virgin Mary

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Heroes born from virgins:

Marduk, Gilgamesh, Buddha, Osiris, Dionysus, Genghis Khan, Jesus

  • Ancient moon priestesses were called virgins. 'Virgin' meant not married, not belonging to a man – a woman who was 'one-in-herself'. The very word derives from a Latin root meaning strength, force, skill; and was later applied to men: virle. Ishtar, Diana, Astarte, Isis were all all called virgin, which did not refer to sexual chastity, but sexual independence. And all great culture heroes of the past, mythic or historic, were said to be born of virgin mothers: Marduk, Gilgamesh, Buddha, Osiris, Dionysus, Genghis Khan, Jesus – they were all affirmed as sons of the Great Mother, of the Original One, their worldly power deriving from her. When the Hebrews used the word, and in the original Aramaic, it meant 'maiden' or 'young woman', with no connotations to sexual chastity. But later Christian translators could not conceive of the 'Virgin Mary' as a woman of independent sexuality, needless to say; they distorted the meaning into sexually pure, chaste, never touched. Monica Sjöö (1938-2005) Swedish painter, writer and a radical anarcho/eco-feminist influential in the Goddess movement, Barbara Mor, The Great Cosmic Mother. Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth, 1987

 

20 ancient civilizations planted pyramids around the globe starting some 50,000 years ago.

Quotes by Jean Shinoda Bolen – Greek Goddess archetypes

Excerpts from Goddesses in Everywoman. A New Psychology of Women

Source:Jean Shinoda Bolen, M.D. jeanbolen.com, US American Jungian analyst, proactive women researcher and supporter, crone,
spiritual teacher, author, Goddesses in Everywoman. A New Psychology of Women, Harper Collins, August 1985

 

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The book's premise

  • The goddess still exists as archetypes in the collective unconscious. The Greek goddesses are images of women that have lived in the human imagination for over three thousand years. The goddesses are patterns or representations of what women are like.
  • There were successive waves of invaders that began the gradual dethronement of the Great Goddess.
  • The goddesses were not completely suppressed but were incorporated into the religion of the invaders.
  • Mythologist Jane Harrison notes that the Great Mother goddess became fragmented into many lesser goddesses, each receiving attributes that once belonged to her:
    Hera got the ritual of the sacred marriage,
    Demeter her mysteries,
    Aphrodite her doves,
    Athena her snakes, and
    Artemis her function as 'Lady of the Wild Things' (wildlife).
  • According to Merlin Stone, author of When God Was a Woman, the disenthronement of the Great Goddess, begun by the Indo-European invaders, was finally accomplished by the Hebrew, Christian, and Moslem religions that arose later. The female goddesses faded into the background.
  • Each one has both positive and potentially negative traits. Their myths show what is important to them and express in metaphor what a woman who resembles them might do.

 

  • Marija Gimbutas, a professor of European archeology at the University of California at Los Angelos describes 'Old Europe', Europe’s first civilization. Dating back at least 5,000 years (perhaps even 25,000 years) before the rise of male religions, Old Europe was a matrifocal, sedentary, peaceful, art-loving, earth-and-sea-bound culture that worshipped the Great Goddess. Evidence from burial sites show that Old Europe was an unstratified, egalitarian society that was destroyed by an infiltration of seminomadic, horse-riding, Indo-European peoples from the distant north and east. These invaders were patrifocal, mobile, warlike, ideologically sky-oriented and indifferent to art.

 

  • [The invaders had the ability to conquer the earlier people who worshipped the Great Goddess. She was known by many names such as Astarte, Ishtar, Isis, etc.] a feminine life force deeply connected to nature and fertility, responsible for creating life and destroying life. The snake, the dove, the tree, and the moon were her sacred symbols.

Greek goddess Athena
Goddess of wisdom and craft, represents the logical, self-assured woman,
working well with men and power, is ruled by her head rather than her heart

 

Athena was a Father’s daughter. Zeus had swallowed her mother Metis and therefore Athena sprang out of her father's head as a full-grown woman.

  • Befitting her role as the goddess who presided over battle strategy in wartime and over domestic arts in peacetime, Athena was often shown with a spear in one hand and a bowl or spindle in the other.
  • Besides championing individual heroes and being the olympian positioned closest to Zeus, Athena sided with the patriarchy.

 

AthenaDescription
1.Archetype As Goddess of Wisdom, Athena was known for her winning strategies and practical solutions. As an archetype, Athena is the pattern followed by logical women, who are ruled by their heads rather than their hearts.
Athena is a feminine archetype; she shows that thinking well, keeping one’s head in the heat of an emotional situation, and developing good tactics in the midst of conflict, are natural traits for some women.
The concept of Athena as an archetype for logical thinking challenges the Jungian premise that thinking is done for a woman by her masculine animus, which is presumed to be distinct from her feminine ego. When a woman recognizes the keen way her mind works as a feminine quality related to Athena, she can develop a positive image of herself, instead of fearing that she is mannish or inappropriate.
When Athena represents only one of several archetypes active in a particular woman – rather than a single dominant pattern – then this archetype can be an ally of other goddesses.
2.Virgin GoddessAthena differs from Artemis and Hestia in that she is the virgin goddess who seeks the company of men. Rather than separating or withdrawing, she enjoys being in the midst of male action and power. The virgin goddess element helps her to avoid emotional or sexual entanglements with men. She can be companion, colleague, or confidant without developing erotic feelings or emotional intimacy.
3.Strategist Athena's wisom was that of the general deploying forces or of the business magnate outmaneuvering competition. She was the best strategist during the Trojan War. Her tactics and interventions won victories for the Greeks on the battlefield. The Athena archetype thrives in the business, academic, scientific, military, or political arenas.
4.Craftswoman As Goddess of Crafts, Athena was involved with making things that were both useful and esthetically pleasing. She was most noted for her skills as a weaver, in which hands and mind must work together. To make a tapestry or a weaving, a woman must design and plan what she will do and then, row by row, methodically create it. This approach is an expression fo the Athena archetype, which emphasizes foresight, planning, mastery of a craft, and patience.

Greek goddess Artemis
Goddess of the hunt and the moon, personification of the independent,
competitive woman with a sense of sisterhood, quick to act, to punish and protect

 

  • The tall, lovely daughter of Zeus and Leto roamed the wilderness of forest, mountain, meadow and glade with her band of nymphs and hunting dog. Dressed in a short tunic, armed with a silver bow, a quiver of arrows on her back, she was the archer of unerring aim. As Goddess of the Moon, she is also shown as a light-bearer, carrying torches in her hands, or with the moon and stars surrounding her head.

 

  • Artemis as an archetype was a personification of an independent feminine spirit. The archetype she represents enables a woman to seek her own goals on terrain of her own choosing. As a virgin goddess, Artemis was immune to falling in love. Artemis represents a sense of intactness, a one-in-herselfness, an attitude of "I-can-take-care-of-myself" that allows a woman to function on her own with self-confidence and an independent spirit. This archetype enables a woman to feel whole without a man. With it, she can pursue interests and work at what matters to her without needing masculine approval.

 

Artemis' featuresDescription
1.Archer A woman who marries young often goes from being a daughter to a wife (archetypally Persophone and then Hera), and  may discover and value Artemis qualities only after a divorce, when she lives alone for the first time in her life.
2.Sister Artemis was accompanied by a band of nymphs.
3.Back-to-Nature In her affinity for the wilderness and undomesticated nature, Artemis is the archetype responsible for the at-oneness with themselves and with nature felt by some women when they backpack into forested mountains, fall asleep under the moon and stars, walk on a deserted beach.
4.Moon Goddess In her book Women in the Wilderness, China Galland emphasizes that when women walk into the wilderness they also walk inward. Going into the wilderness involves the wilderness within us all. This may be the deepest value of such an experience, the recognition of our kinship with the natural world.

 

Examples of Artemis women

  • Georgia O’Keeffe, the best-known American woman artist, continued to exemplify Artemis when she was in her nineties, as she had done all her life. She had a passion and a spiritual affinity for the untamed Southwest, combined with an intensity of purpose through which she reached her life goals.
  • Gloria Steinem, a founder and editor of Ms. magazine, is a woman who personifies aspects of the Artemis archetype […] a leader of the women’s movement.

Greek goddess Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty, "alchemical" archetype governing a woman’s enjoyment of love,
beauty, sexuality and sensuality, impelling women to fulfill both creative and procreative desires

 

  • Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love and Beauty, is in a third category all her own as the alchemical goddess.
    She is the most beautiful and irresistible of the goddesses.
    She generates love and beauty, erotic attraction, sensuality, sexuality, and new life.
    She enters relationships of her own choosing and is never victimized.
    Her consciousness is both focused and receptive, allowing a two-way interchange through which both she and the other are affected. S. 17

 

  • This archetype [Aphrodite] may be expressed through physical intercourse or through a creative process. What she seeks differs from what the virgin goddesses seek, but she is like them in being able to focus on what is personally meaningful to her; others cannot divert her away from her goal. And that what she values is solely subjective and cannot be measured in terms of achievement or recognition, Aphrodite is (paradoxically) most similar to anonymous, introverted Hestia […] who on the surface is the goddess most unlike Aphrodite.

 

  • The virgin goddesses are associated with focused consciousness.
  • The vulnerable goddesses are associated with receptive, diffuse consciousness.
  • Aphrodite is both focused AND receptive.
  • [The Aphrodite] woman takes in people in the same way that a wine connoisseur attends to and notices the characteristics of an interesting new wine. To appreciate the metaphor fully, imagine a wine buff enjoying the pleasure of getting acquainted with an unknown wine. She (or he) holds the goblet up ot the light to note the color and clarity of the wine. she inhales the bouquet, and takes a lingering sip to capture the character and smoothness of the wine; she even savors the aftertaste.

 

  • [The Aphrodite woman] bask in the glow of her focus, they feel attractive and interesting […] this can be seductive and misleading. […] Spontaneous in form, yet it’s substance can be deep and moving.
  • Aphrodite the Archetype governs women’s enjoyment of love and beauty, sexuality and sensuality. Aphrodite can be as demanding as Hera and Demeter (the other two strong instinctual archetypes). Aphrodite impells women to fulfill both creative and procreative functions.

 

  • Work  that does not involve an Aphrodite woman emotionally holds no interest for her. She likes variety and intensity: repetitious tasks such as housework, clerical, or laboratory work bore her. Only when she can be totally engrossed creatively does she do well. Thus, she is likely to be found in art, music, writing, dance or drama, or with people who are special to her; for example, as a teacher, therapist, editor. As a consequence, she either hates her work and is probably doing a mediocre job, or loves it and thinks nothing of putting in extra time and effort. She almost always prefers a job that she finds interesting to a better-paying one with less appeal. She may achieve success as a result of doing what fascinates her but, unlike Athena or Artemis, she does not set out to achieve.

 

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Creativity contrast vs. Athena

  • To make a tapestry or a weaving, a woman must design and plan what she will do and then, row by row, methodically create it. This approach is an expression fo the Athena archetype, which emphasizes foresight, planning, mastery of a craft, and patience.

Vulnerable goddess Demeter
Goddess of grain, maternal archetype, expressed through motherhood, nurturing,
providing physical, psychological and spiritual sustenance and support

 

Vulnerable goddess Hera
Goddess of marriage, woman who considers her roles as student, professional or
mother secondary to her essential goal of finding a husband and being married

 

Vulnerable goddess Persephone
Maiden and abducted daughter of Demeter, Queen of the underworld, personifies
innocence, susceptibility to the will of others, receptivity toward the inner world

 

  • When Hera, Demeter, or Persephone are dominant archetypes, the motivational pull is relationship, rather than achievement and autonomy or new experience.
    The focus of attention is on others, not on an outer goal or an inner state. The quality associated with the vulnerable goddesses archetypes is "diffuse awareness."

 

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Victimization in the vulnerable goddess stories

  • Hera was humiliated and abused by her husband Zeus, who discounted her need for fidelity.
  • Both Demeter and Persophone were raped.
  • Demeter's bond to her daughter was ignored, as was her suffering when Persophone was abducted and kept prisoner in the underworld.

 

  • Every woman who has ever felt an urge to marry, or have a child, or felt she was waiting for something to happen to change her life – which must include just about every woman – will find herself akin to one of the vulnerable goddesses at some point in her life.
  • Each of the three has within her mythology a happy and fulfilled phase, a phase during which she was victimized, suffered, or was symptomatic; and a phase of restoration or transformation. Each represents a stage in a woman’s life in which she may pass quickly or in which she may stay for a while.

 

  • [Persephone is] usually a well-behaved child who wants to please, does what she is told, and wears what is chosen for her...prefers to observe first and join in later […] rather watch from the sidelines until she knows what is going on and what the rules are. […] By pushing her to do something before she is ready, a well-intentioned, extraverted mother often does not allow her Persephone daughter time do discover what her own preferences are. […] In contrast, with support to do so, a young Persephone can also learn to trust her inward way of knowing what she wants to do. She gradually learns to trust her innately receptive style and becomes confident of her ability to make decisions in her own way and in her own time.

 

  • In older myths, the dark road leads downward into the Underworld, where Persephone is carried off by Hades, much against her will, while Ishtar descends of her own accord to beat at the gates of Hell. This road of darkness lies to the West, according to Native American myth, and each of us must travel it at some point in our lives. The western road is one of trials, ordeals, disasters and abrupt life changes – yet a road to be honored, nevertheless, as the road on which wisdom is gained. James Hillman (1926-2013), whose theory of 'archetypal psychology' draws extensively on Greco-Roman myth, echoes this belief when he argues that darkness is vital at certain periods of life, questioning our modern tendency to equate mental health with happiness. It is in the Underworld, he reminds us, that seeds germinate and prepare for spring. Myths of descent and rebirth connect the soul's cycles to those of nature. Terri Windling (*1958) US American artist, editor, essayist, author, essay The Dark of the Wood: Rites-of-Passage Tales, 2005

Greek goddess Hestia
Goddess of the hearth and temple, inner orientation, creates
a sense of serenity and warmth, makes solitude blessed

 

Greatly honored ‘back in the day’Hestia is not a goddess that took a part in wars, or love affairs, or any dramatic stories involving the Greek gods and goddesses. She’s a lesser known goddess than Aphrodite or Artemis.

 

  • Hestia is an archetype of inner centeredness. She is 'the still point' that allows a woman to be grounded in the midst of outer chaos, diesorder, or ordinary, everyday bustle. With Hestia in her personality, a woman’s life has meaning.
  • A Hestia woman shares the attributes of the goddess in being a quiet and unobtrusive person whose presence creates an atmosphere of warmth and peaceful order. S. 117-118
  • Hestia as Goddess of the Hearth is the archetype active in women who find keeping house a meaningful activity rather than a chore.
  • With Hestia, hearthkeeping is a means through which a woman puts her self and her house in order. A woman who acquires a sense of inner harmony as she accomplishes everyday tasks is in touch with this aspect of the Hestia archetype.
  • Tending to household details is a centering activity, equivalent to meditation.  A Hestia woman derives an inner peace from what she is doing, like a woman in a religious order for whom every activity is done 'in the service of God.'
  • Hestia was Goddess of the Hearth, or, more specifically, of the fire burning on the round hearth. She is the least known of the Olympians. Hestia and her Roman equivalent, Vesta, were not represented in human form by painters or sculptors. Instead this goddess was felt to be present in the living flame at the center of the home, temple, and city.
  • Unlike other gods and goddesses, Hestia was not known through her myths or representations. Instead, Hestia’s significance is found in rituals, symbolized by fire. In order for a house to become a home, Hestia’s presence was required. When a couple married, the bride’s mother lit a torch at her own household fire and carried it before the newly married couple to their new house to light their first household fire. This act consecrated the new home.
  • Each Greek city-state had a common hearth with a sacred fire in the main hall. Here guests were officially entertained. And every colony took the sacred fire with them from their home city to light the fire of the new city.
  • When Hestia is present, a woman goes about her household tasks with a sense that there is plenty of time. She doesn’t have one eye on the clock … as she sorts and folds laundry, washes dishes, and cleans up the clutter, she feels an unhurried, peaceful absorption in each task.
  • Hestia represents the Self, an intuitively known spiritual center of a woman’s personality that gives meaning to her life. When threatened by a Hestia woman needs to seek her one-in-herselfness in solitude. In quiet tranquility she can once again intuitively find her way back to center.
  • Hestia can be found in the quiet order and sense of solitude that comes from doing 'contemplative housekeeping'. S. 116

Excerpts from Goddesses in Older Women. Archetypes in Women over Fifty

Source:Jean Shinoda Bolen, M.D. jeanbolen.com, US American Jungian analyst, proactive women researcher and supporter, crone,
spiritual teacher, author, Goddesses in Older Women. Archetypes in Women over Fifty, Harper Paperbacks, reprint edition 1. July 2014

 

Greek goddesses Sophia – Hecate – Hestia

 

  • In the world's mythologies and in the collective unconscious, which are mirrors of each other, wisdom is feminine. Wisdom is usually an attribute of a goddess who is often not seen or personified […].

 

  • In the Bible, she (Wisdom) is a hidden Sophia, the goddess who became an abstract and ungendered concept. Wisdom may be found at twilight where the three roads meet as Hecate, or in the hearth fire as Hestia. She may be the invisible Shekinah who enters the Jewish home for the meal that begins the Sabbath. She was once the Celtic goddess Cerridwen. She is Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom […].

 

Metis is the mother of Athena who was born directly from Zeus's head. After impregnating Metis with Athena, seduced and charmed her somehow into becoming small, and swallowed her.

  • There are different kinds of wisdom and therefore different kinds of archetypal wisewomen.
    • Metis's wisdom is practical, applied wisdom that utilizes intelligence and mastery of a skill, usually with tangible results made evident through her work.

 

  • Metis was the daughter of two Titans: Tehtys, the goddess of the moon, and Oceanus, the god whose realm was a vast body of water that encircled the earth. As a Titan, she was part of the ruling older order of divinities that Zeus intended to overthrow. He pursued her and she fled […] finally he caught her and she became his first wife.

Quotes by David R. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • If you look at God as Great Father or Great Mother, than S/He would delight in your enlightenment. God experiences the joy of His own Divinity, is both the pathway and the destination, both the traveller and the destination. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Sedona Satsang Q&A, CD 2 von 2, 10. January 2007

Quotes by John Lash

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Mental virus of the Abrahamic religion

  • A great deal of the problem, as the Gnostics identified it, is Abrahamic religion. And they gave us a brilliant analysis of Abrahamic religion. They pointed out that it has a parapsychological origin. So according to them the Abrahamic religion program [contains]
    • the chosen people
    • the paternal Father God who is entirely male
    • the removal of the Divine Feminine from the creation process
    • the divine Messiah-Savior who comes
    • the glorification of suffering of the savior
    • the victim/perpetrator game between savior and saved
    • and the end of the world scenario.
All of those elements were of a parapsychological or extrahuman origin. They were an implant of the Archontic powers [interspecies predators] into the human mind, an alien implant. They give us their mind. That alien implant is a mental virus. And it had to come to humanity through a vector like any other virus. […] It was in an ancient Jewish sect [the Zadokites] that this vector planted itself. That's the way it worked out historically. So there's a moment in history when parapsychology and exopolitics and extraterrestial influence comes into [human] history and turns us away from our connection to the Divine Sophia, from our connection to our own sexuality as the source of pleasure and beauty. […] We got turned away from pleasure and beauty, turned away from the healing powers of our own bodies by this Abraham Archontic virus. Audio interview with John Lash metahistory.org US American self-educated scholar of comparative mythology, metahistoric researcher, mystic, author, Sophia's Correction, The Archontics Control Matrix & 9/11, aired 21. July 2011, presented by West Swedish web radio station Red Ice Radio, host Henrik Palmgren, Sophia's Correction, part 7 of 9, YouTube film, minute 2:04 3:33, 13:56 minutes duration, posted 7. August 2011

 

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Zadokite sect of the ancient Hebrews

  • The Zaddikim sect was the religious fanatics of the Dead Sea. And they carried the Archontic virus that is now mutated into a global pathology. None of the secrecy, the manipulation, and deception that we see in a mass scale on this planet could have happened if that infection had not taken place. And that infection has to be lanced like an abscess. And it may not be a pretty thing to do, but when that infection is lanced and when the source of that infection is identified then the great healing of humanity can occur. And that is now, right now. It is not in the future. Audio interview with John Lash metahistory.org US American self-educated scholar of comparative mythology, metahistoric researcher, mystic, author, Sophia's Correction, The Archontics Control Matrix & 9/11, aired 21. July 2011, presented by West Swedish web radio station Red Ice Radio, host Henrik Palmgren, YouTube film, Sophia's Correction, part 8 of 9, minute 0:59, 14:27 minutes duration, posted 7. August 2011

 


Encircled version of the ancient
Mesopotamian eight-pointed star symbol
of the goddess Ishtar (Astarte/Inanna),
representing the planet Venus as
morning or evening star


Englische Texte – English section on Goddess / Göttin

Female archetypes – Lucia René

Twelve female archetypes
Quadrant༺༻Personal chakra
Transpersonal chakra
FocusFemale archetypeShadow
Weakness
Persona
Strength
Greek goddess archetype
1.1.Earth coreMatterMother EarthRape victimEveGaia
Persephone
1.2.Root chakraFreedom
Survival
Amazon WarriorSlaveVigilanteArtemis
1.3.Second chakraRelating
Emotions
Tantric LoverWhoreWife HeraAphrodite
2.4.Third chakraForce
Power
MagicianDevilworshipperNunPersephone
2.5.Heart chakraLoveNurturing MotherDevouring smothering motherConventional motherDemeter
2.6.Thymus ChakraCompassionHealerWitchNurse, herbalist, midwifeHestia
Artemis
3.7.Throat chakraPowerWise WomanHereticEvangelist, evocateurAthena
Metis 
3.8.Third Eye chakraInterrelatedness
Wisdom
OracleLunaticCounselorHecate
3.9.Crown chakraSurrenderSpiritual LeaderCult leaderRoyal figureheadHera
4.10.Solar systemSacrednessAscended Female MasterDemonMuseMuses
4.11.Galactic systemSpiritGoddessBad AngelGood Angel 
4.12.Universal coreCreatrixMother DivineLilithVirgin Mary 
Sources featuring Lucia René, US American ordained Buddhist monk, mystic, spiritual teacher, woman's and gender transition activist, author
► Basis: The New Jerusalem Diagram
Archetype-Diagram, PDF
► Video lecture excerpt Workshop-12 Archetypes 12 Chakras, YouTube film, 9:31 minutes duration, 28. January 2011
► Audio radio interview Balancing the feminine and masculine energies, presented by BlogTalkRadio, web radio station Paradan, host Daya Devi Doolin, 32:31 minutes duration, aired 24. February 2011
On the matrilineal female archetype of the Tantric Lover fractured into the patriarchal wife/whore
References
Jean Shinoda Bolen, M.D. jeanbolen.com, US American Jungian analyst, proactive women researcher and supporter, crone, spiritual teacher, author, Goddesses in Everywoman. A New Psychology of Women, Harper Collins, August 1985
► Jennifer Barker Woolger, Roger Woolger, Ph.D. Woolger (1944-2011) British-American psychotherapist, Jungian analyst, lecturer, author specializing in past life regression, spirit release and shamanic healing, Goddess Within. A Guide to the Eternal Myths that Shape Women's Lives, Ballantine Books, 7. October 1989
See also:Six archetypes of love – Allan G. Hunter

Alphabeth aka literacy vs. Goddess aka pictures – left brain vs. right brain

Buddha, Socrates, and Jesus delivered feminine right-brained oral teachings. Minutes 37-43
Masculine creeds evolved with the written word in an alphabet.
The first two Commandments of the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament [first book issued 900 BC] reject the influence of the Goddess and ban any form of representative art. Women were forbidden to be priestesses in the 3rd millennium when the New Testament was transcribed.
Since the introduction of photography and TV [emitting/inducing alpha and theta brain waves] we witness the rise of the feminine and the decline of the male [left-brained, Yang] dominance after 5,000 years of patriarchy.

 

  • Buddha and Confucius wrote nothing down. Minute 42:34
  • Socrates: The (left-right-brained) way to get to the truth is to look somebody in the eye and debate one on one (not by dealing with one who resorts to written notes). Minute 37:40
  • Jesus: "Turn the other cheek. The meek shall inherit the earth. The last shall be first."
    (Jesus told his disciples to memorize his teachings, not to write them down.) Minute 39:00

 

Source: ► Video presentation by Leonard Shlain, M.D. sextimeandpower.com(1937-2009) US American chairman of laparoscopic surgery, associate professor of surgery, UC San Francisco, researcher, writer, The Alphabet vs. The Goddess, sponsored by Pepperdine University, Malibu, California, The Distinguished Lecture Series, November 2006, YouTube film, 1:15:14 duration, posted 1. November 2012

Serpent power of the Goddess


Snake-witch (Ormhäxan) stone, Gotland, Sweden,
Fornsalen museum, Visby

The serpent has been associated with:

  1. the World Tree
  2. the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil
  3. the Tree of Immortality
  4. the Universe or the stellar Milky Way.

 

  • In Old Sumer the serpent was coiled around the Tree of Life.
  • In the Old Norse World Tree it lies waiting at the roots of Yggdrasil in the company of the three norns, the goddesses of fate and esoteric knowledge, or with the goddess Hel.
  • In the Garden of the Hesperides the serpent was coiled around the Tree that bears the Golden Apples of Immortality accompanied by the three nymphs of the evening.

 

The serpent is a symbol of (magical religious) power and kingship.
The serpentine power is expressed in the flow of Kundalini, the energetic movement of Shakti (meaning power, energy, Goddess) through the being. Waking the Kundalini serpent is activating the power of the Goddess which will initiate the path to enlightenment.

 

The Snake Goddess was a central figure in myth and ritual.
70.000 years ago: Python Cave of Botzwana, Africa
Stone Age: The "Sleeping Goddess" in a burial pit surrounded by the skeletons of serpents, Megalithic Temple Culture on Malta
Approx. 7500-3000 BC: Old Europe, Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Bronze Age Minoan Crete, Bronze Age Scandinavia, Greek-Roman Empire, India (Indus Valley), Viking Age Scandinavia, Mexico, Mami Wata (contemporary Africa)


 

Inspirational source: ► Video animation (images and text) The Goddess and the Serpent,
presented by Lady of the Labyrinth, YouTube film, 10:44 minutes duration, posted 2. August 2010

Names of the Goddess

Symbols and concepts of feminine origin were renamed and became symbols of masculine power.

  • The Mt. Everest in the Himalayas is named after Sir George Everest, the first European who climbed it.
    Originally the world's tallest mountain was called Chomo-Lung-Ma meaning "Goddess Mother of the Universe".
  • The original name of the large mountain Annapurna in the Himalayas still remains. It literally means, "Great Breast Full of Nourishment".

Various names of gods and goddesses

Names of gods/goddesses in different cultures
Generic god typeSumerian nameEgyptian nameGreek nameRoman name
Heavenly FatherAnuAmen-RaCronosSaturn
Heavenly MotherAntuMutHeraJuno
Earth LordEnlilSetZeusJupiter
Earth Brother/BuilderEnkiOsirisApolloVulcan
Warrior RivalMardukHorusAresMars
Underworld LordNergalAnubisHadesPluto
Provider of LoveAsherahHathorAphroditeVenus
Facilicator of the GodsNinurtaThothHermesMercury
See also: ► Astrologie – Astrology

 

Links zum Thema Göttin / Goddess

Literatur

Literature (engl.)

"Seven Classics". Background Reading for Metahistory (since 1900)'', presented by metahistory.org, John Lash metahistory.org US American self-educated scholar of comparative mythology, metahistoric researcher, mystic, author

1. James George Frazer (1854-1941) Scottish social anthropologist, mythologist, scholar in comparative religion, The Golden Bough. A Study in Magic and Religion, 1890
2. Joseph Campbell, Ph.D. (1904-1987) US American mythologist, expert in comparative mythology and comparative religion, Myths to Live By, collection of essays, 1958-1971
3. Gorgio de Santillanna, Herta von Dechend, Hamlet’s Mill, 1969
4. Merlin Stone (1931-2011) US American professor of art and art history, sculptor, author, When God Was a Woman, Mariner Books, 1st edition 1976, 4. May 1978

Riane Eisler, Ph.D., J.D., Sacred Pleasure, 1996
Diane Wolkstein, Samuel Noah Kramer, Inanna. Queen of Heaven and Earth, 1984
Luscious restoration of Sumerian erotic myth

5. Martin Bernal (1937-2013) British scholar of modern Chinese political history, professor emeritus of government and Near Eastern studies, Cornell University, Black Athena. The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985, Volume 1, 1986, Rutgers University Press, 1. February 1991
6. Stan Gooch (1932-2010) British psychologist, author, Cities of Dreams. When Women Ruled the Earth, 1989, Aulis Publishers, 2nd edition 1. December 1995
7. Theodore Roszak, Ph.D. (1933-2011) US American professor emeritus of history, author, Where the Wasteland Ends (written 1971-1972) April 1973, 1989, Celestial Arts, 1. November 1995


Essay on four "types" or aspects of the feminine psyche: the Amazon, the Mother, the Hetaira (or Courtesan), and the Medial (or mediumistic) Woman

Gimbutas' theories challenge conventional archaeology, spirituality, theology, and religious studies, while inspiring artists, feminists, environmentalists and activists.

Contribution/Chapter by June Singer, Ph.D. (1920-2004) US American Jungian analyst, member of the Jung Institute, San Francisco, "The Sadness of the Successful Woman"
Singer describes how self-confident job-achieving women seeking her therapy were afraid that their partners would be emasculated by their power and energy plus disliking them for their weakness.

See also: Goddess Spirituality, presented by the library of Caroline Myss Education Institute (CMED)

The Goddess is Sophia representing life. The teachings of the early Christians were brutally suppressed by the Roman Church because they portray Jesus and Mary Magdalene as mythic figures based on the Pagan Godman and Goddess the gospel story is a spiritual allegory encapsulating a profound philosophy that leads to mythical enlightenment they carry the power to turn the world inside out and transform life into an exploration of consciousness.
Three factions of Christianity parting ways in the 2nd century AD:
1. Totalitarian literalists: Pistis, Roman Christianity
2. Joint Literalists-Gnostics: supported by early Churchfathers Clement of Alexandria and his student Origen
3. Gnostics: Alexandrian Christianity, Freke and Gandy

Presenting the gnostic approach to Sophia-Gaia, the feminine wisdom principle embodied by the earth
The salvationist Christian faith is a toxic psychotic outbreak of the human mind. The Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition is "the religious schizophrenia of the ancient Hebrews".

Literature (engl.) – Alan Butler

Externe Weblinks

  • Wikipedia-Einträge

External web links (engl.)



Audio and video links (engl.)

Dynamic multi media performance exploring the roots of the left-brain dominant culture, emergence of alphabetic literacy across the world and the correlating subjugation of women and all things "female", "the goddess archetype as a metaphor for the right-brain wisdom"

Exploring the roots of the left-brain dominant culture, the emergence of alphabetic literacy across the world and the correlating subjugation of women and all things "female", "the goddess archetype as a metaphor for the right-brain wisdom"

The Great Mother represents the supply, nourishment. The 5000 year old patriarchal money system kept her outside and was stricken with her shadowsides: greed and fear (panic).

Free download of Mp3 files produced by Sounds True, Boulder Colorado

  • The Sophia Teachings, presented by sophiafoundation.org, narrator Robert A. Powell, US American lecturer, therapist, posted 2013
  • Video Interviev-conversation between Anne Baring (*1931) British historian, Jungian psychoanalyst, feminist author and host Andrew Harvey andrewharvey.net (*1952) Indian-British religious scholar, Rumi translator and explicator, teacher of mystic traditions, architect of Sacred Activism, poet, novelist, author, "A New Vision of Reality", performed by the University of Denver Lamont Chorale, YouTube film, 1:09:31 duration, posted 18. December 2013

On the book The Dream of the Cosmos, Archive Publishing, 16. May 2013

  • Video interview with Andrew Harvey (*1952) Indian-British religious scholar, Rumi translator and explicator, teacher of mystic traditions, architect of Sacred Activism, poet, novelist, author, Birthing Through the Dark Mother with Andrew Harvey, episode 14, presented by Truth Frequency radio network, "Shadowland Voyages", host Sienna Harvey, YouTube recording, 1:40:37 duration, posted 12. February 2013

Reemergence of the archetype of the Black Madonna – the transmutation of our individual and collective shadows and the birth a new humanity triggered by the Divine Feminine

Audio and video links (engl.) – John Lash

Audio and video links (engl.) – Robert Sepehr

Audios and videos by Robert Sepehr, US American producer, anthropologist specializing in linguistics, archeology, paleobiology (archeogenetics), author, presented by tolerancethroughknow
TypeOfferingTitle ♦ Sponsor ♦ LocationDurationRelease date
YouTube videoDocumentary shortMoon Blood and the Lunar Goddess9:296. August 2016
Plutarch said man was made of earth, but the power that made a human body grow was the moon, source of menstrual blood. Yoni (sanskrit for vagina) worship is a very ancient tradition in India.
YouTube videoDocumentary shortSacred Temple Prostitution and Goddess Worship8:099. August 2016
Prostitution existed in the temples of antiquity. According to the Greek geographer Strabo, "virgin daughters," hardly 12 years old, were dedicated to goddess cult prostitution. There were allegedly one thousand "sacred prostitutes" at the temple of Aphrodite at Corinth.

Audio and video links (engl.) – Leonard Shlain

  • Audio interview with Leonard Shlain, M.D. sextimeandpower.com (1937-2009) US American chairman of laparoscopic surgery, associate professor of surgery, UC San Francisco, researcher, writer of Art and Physics, The Alphabet vs. the Goddess, Sex, Time, and Power, Leonard Shlain Interview, location University of Toronto’s CIUT, presented by US American web radio station Massive Change, host Jennifer Leonard, 54:24 minutes duration, aired 7. October 2003   Link deleted

Evolution of female sexuality and its relationship to both the human brain and size of our pelvis, the difference between Western and Eastern notions of time, and the difference between our current visual culture and previous text-based cultures

  • Video presentation by Leonard Shlain, M.D. sextimeandpower.com (1937-2009) US American chairman of laparoscopic surgery, associate professor of surgery, UC San Francisco, researcher, writer, The Alphabet vs. The Goddess, sponsored by Pepperdine University, Malibu, California, The Distinguished Lecture Series, November 2006, YouTube film, 1:15:14 duration, posted 1. November 2012

Buddha, Socrates, and Jesus delivered feminine right-brained oral teachings. Minutes 37-43
Masculine creeds evolved with the written word in an alphabet. The first two Commandments of the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament [first book issued 900 BC] reject the influence of the Goddess (right brain, Yin) and ban any form of representative art. Women were forbidden to be priestesses in the 3rd millennium when the New Testament was transcribed.
Since the introduction of photography and TV [emitting/inducing alpha and theta brain waves] we witness the rise of the feminine and the decline of the male (left brain, Yang) dominance after 5,000 years of patriarchy.

On the roots of creativity, differences between male and female perspectives, conclusions on the future

Due to profound alterations in female sexuality the big-brained Homo sapiens suddenly emerged 150,000 years ago.

  • Video presentation by Leonard Shlain, M.D. sextimeandpower.com (1937-2009) US American chairman of laparoscopic surgery, associate professor of surgery, UC San Francisco, researcher, writer, "The Big O", delivered in Hawaii, YouTube film, 53:56 minutes duration, posted 1. November 2012

Women want iron to cover their menstrual blood loss – Humans spent 99% of their experience as hunters/gatherers (tribes consisted of 150-225 persons; hunting parties consisted of 9-12 men in their prime) – Female Orgasm – G-Spot as the antedote to birth pain – Humans exhibit the most expressive homosexuality for extra? – Youth, health and beauty [subcutaneous fat, pheromenes] most attracts men to women

The recurring pattern of the classical era, medieval era, Renaissance and modern times is:
First the visionary artist sees the world in a new way followed by a new paradigmal discovery of a revolutionary physicist.


Movie and documentary links (engl.)

  • Signs Out of Time, DVD documentary on archeologist Marija Gimbutas (1921-1994) Lithuanian US American archeologist, researcher of the Neolithic and Bronze Age Goddess cultures of "Old Europe's" origins in a cooperative, peaceful, Neolithic culture, 58:40 minute duration, Belili, 2003

Gimbutas' theories challenge conventional archaeology, spirituality, theology, and religious studies, while inspiring artists, feminists, environmentalists and activists.

Neolithic hilltop sanctuary Göbekli Tepe, erected in Southeastern Anatolia, at the Turkey Syrian-Turkish border 11,500 years ago

BH: "Religion is what makes civilisation. I think it’s within our DNA as a social species."

Large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement Çatalhöyük [Çatal Hüyük] in southern Anatolia, existing since 9,500-7,700 years

 

Interne Links

Englisch Wiki

Hawkins

 

 
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