Hawkins / Sollen









Marcus Aurelius, bronze fragment
Louvre, Paris, Roman artwork, after 170 AD




Sollen sollen

Konjunktiv II im Hauptsatz
Der Konjunktiv II drückt einen möglichen, angenommenen, gedachten nicht wirklichen Sachverhalt aus und wird nur selten in eigenständigen Hauptsätzen gebraucht und zwar in folgenden Fällen:

  • Weggelassener irrealer Bedingungssatz
  • Irrealer Wunschsatz
  • Irreale Modalverbkonstruktion
  • Höfliche Aufforderung bzw. Aussage
  • Feststellung eines mühsam erreichten Ergebnisses
  • Zweifelnde Frage bzw. Vermutung
Quelle: ► Artikel Konjunktiv II, präsentiert von der Webseite studyflix.de, undatiert

Bis zuletzt die Kontrolle behalten

Frederick S. Perls, der Vater der Gestalttherapie und Autor von Büchern wie Das Ich, der Hunger und die Aggression
wollte auch in seiner Sterbestunde im Krankenhaus die Kontrolle behalten:
Eine Krankenschwester berichtete davon, dass sie dem sterbenskranken Perls geraten hatte, im Bett zu bleiben und die Bettpfanne zu benutzen anstatt zur Toilette zu gehen, da ihn solch eine Anstrengung hätte umbringen können. Ungeachtetdessen hievte sich Perls aus dem Bett. Auf dem Weg zur Toilette sagte er:

"Niemand sagt mir, was ich tun soll."

Es waren seine letzten Worte, ehe er zu Boden fiel und starb.

Zitate zum Thema Sollen / Should

Zitate von D. Hawkins

⚠ Achtung Siehe Power vs. Truth (engl.) Januar 2013

Quotes by D. Hawkins

Refraining from the 'should' meme

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013


Shoulds may induce retaliation.

  • It is unrealistic as well as eventually injurious to believe that other people "should" adopt and live by one's own personal standards, morals, and code of conduct as well as interpretation of reality. Projected moralism is always expressed as "should" and often leads to resentment, hatred, grudges, or even retaliatory vengeance – and, of course, war (such as the
    naïve American view that all other nations "should" be democracies). One can, by choice, reject the temptation to habitual judgementalism. The result is a great inner peace. Along the Path to Enlightenment. 365 Reflections from David
    R. Hawkins
    , edited by Scott Jeffrey, Reflection of June 6th, S. 85, January 2011


  • Female questioner: I should be enjoying this.
    Answer: Don't give me any 'shoulds!'
Sedona Satsang Q&A Golden Word Book Signing hour, 3 CD set, 13. January 2007


  • Question: Will you check to see if I should keep my job in the prison?
    Answer: There is no "should".
Prescott Seminar Freedom. Morality and Ethics, lecture 6, 3 DVD set, 8. November 2008

Fallacy of hypothetical regretting 'shoulds'

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • [The mind]’ll politicize everything; it’ll moralize (isn’t that awful?); it’ll idealize how things should be; it’ll hypothesize and rewrite history. Source unknown


  • [Paraphrased] The statement "I shouldn't have done that." holds an error.
    Explanation: "The hypothesized is believed to be a reality." I. Reality and Subjectivity, S. 193, 2003


  • There is an inherent fallacy in the proposition that "I could have" or "should have" because, in reality, if one really "could have" they obviously "would have" if all conditions were favorable to a better choice.


  • Relativism denies the existence of the absolute and says that anything can mean anything one wants it to mean. By that reasoning, one can say that men should be free to have relations with young boys, that it's okay to kill.
Sedona Seminar Identification and Illusion, 3 DVD set, 14. August 2004


  • The hypothetical is always wrong! If you could have, you would have! "I should have done this or that!"
Sedona Seminar Transcending Obstacles, 3 DVD set, 3. September 2005

'Shoulds' as used in casual worldly language

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • It is pointless to hold a position that catastrophes shouldn't 'happen' or that the innocent 'didn't deserve it', or 'isn't it awful', or
    'it must be somebody's fault'. I. Reality and Subjectivity, S. 179, 2003


  • While the world may have the expectation that the life of a spiritually committed person should be holy and tranquil, quite often
    the opposite may occur. I. Reality and Subjectivity, S. 337, 2003



  • Trying to change the world is presuming you know better than God how the world should be.
Sedona Satsang Q&A, Sedona Creative Life Center, 2 CD set, 12. July 2006


  • [T]he slogan is 'Fair and balanced', […] Fair and balanced […] is that I should be able to just do and say anything I want.
Prescott Seminar Spirituality: Reason and Faith, 3 DVD set, 26. January 2008

Questions containing 'should'

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • Question: What should one focus on in meditation?
    Answer: There are three basic styles that can be described.


  • Question: How then should one best relate to the world?
    Answer: To be 'in' it but not 'of' it. The world is a means and not an end.
Discovery of the Presence of God. Devotional Nonduality, chapter 5 "Clarifications", S. 103, 2007


  • Question: How can I know if I should continue to date a certain person?
    Answer: We don’t calibrate that kind of question. I don’t want to rob you of the karma of dealing with it.
    Ask yourself: To what degree does this fulfill what you value?
Sedona Seminar The Ego and The Self, 3 DVD set, 11. December 2004


  • Question: You had major surgery without anesthesia. If I have pain (i.e. headache). Should I just be with the pain?
    Answer: You can use the technique of just being with the phenomena. Don't label it. Let go of trying to change it.
Sedona Satsang Q&A, Sedona Creative Life Center, 2 CD set, 8. November 2006

'Shoulds' in book titles (as recommended)

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • John McCain (1936-2018) US American senior politician, senator from Arizona, Republican presidential nominee in the 2008 US election, war criminal and warmonger, Mark Salter, Character is Destiny. Inspiring Stories Every Young Person Should Know
    and Every Adult Should Remember
    , Random House, 1st edition 25. October 2005

Subjunctive 'Should' phrases by D. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • Unless one is unreservedly willing to surrender one's very life and die for God, then spiritual purification should be the goal of one's endeavor instead of enlightenment.


  • When you're attacked, what should your position be? The position should be to stand up for truth, to be answerable and to stand for truth. Whatever the consequences.
Sedona Seminar Realization of the Self: Final Moments, DVD 1 of 3, minute 00:45, 14. December 2002


  • Vegetarianism calibrates at 205, so it's in integrity. So long as you believe you’re killing something when you eat meat, then you shouldn't eat meat. Each life, each thing serves the life above it. Sedona Seminar The Ego and The Self, 3 DVD set, 11. December 2004


  • There is only one Absolute Reality, and it manifests itself in various dimensions. That which is revealed in 4000 B.C. India should be the same in 1936 Chicago. Sedona Seminar Vision, 3 DVD set, 25. February 2005


  • Don't resist the anguish if it should come up because if you are serious, it will very likely come up again.
Sedona Seminar Spiritual Practice and Daily Life, CD 5 of 6, 21. October 2006


  • Should the moment arise for you, you won’t know where you got It from either. It’s like a stunning knowingness that stands alone, and something in you tells you that you have to trust it. Sedona Satsang Q&A, 2 CD set, 10. January 2007


  • So, as a devoted spiritual student you then karmically earn the right to forgiveness, should you make a mistake.
Sedona Seminar What is Truth? The Absolute, DVD 2 of 3, minute 36:43, 21. July 2007

Suppositional 'Should' phrases by D. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • When you leave the body you automatically find yourself in the realm of your own vibration because that is what you identify with and are attracted to. So that should handle the afterlife.
Sedona Seminar Realization of the Self: Final Moments, DVD 1 of 3, track 1, 14. December 2002


  • Women are more nonlinear than men!
    That should increase compatibility of the sexes. (Calibrated as true.)
Sedona Seminar Is the Miraculous Real?, 3 DVD set, 9. December 2006

'Should' phrases by D. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • My hope as author has been that this work might undo the very sources of pain, suffering and failure, and assist the evolution of human consciousness in each of us to rise to the level of joy that should be the essence of man's experience.


  • Is this worth giving up God for? Thus, ego positionality has a price, which is where the willingness should be addressed.


  • The only obligation one should accept is the obligation to one's own self to institute the wisdoms that were learned and to prac-
    tice them in order to transcend the ego. Respect the teacher but save reverence only for God. I. Reality and Subjectivity, 2003


  • Defects are inherent the ego's structure and should not be taken personally.


  • The ego puts up resistances and it struggles for survival. Therefore, when its proclivities arise, they should be viewed as a sign
    of success and not of failure. Instead of dismay, the surfacing of the ego's resistances should be taken as a sign of accomplish-
    ment. I. Reality and Subjectivity, S. 183-184, 2003


  • The well-disciplined mind should only speak when requested to perform a task.


  • Spiritual students should accept the reality that they are already gifted.
Transcending Levels of Consciousness. The Stairway to Enlightenment, chapter 18 "Full Enligtenment", S. 304, 2006


  • It is necessary to have faith in a pathway and clear away doubts to ascertain if they are realistic or merely forms of resistance.
    A seeker should have the security and support of inner certainty and firm conviction that are consequent to study, personal research, and investigation. Thus, a pathway should be intrinsically reconfirming by discovery and inner experience.


  • The incorporation of spiritual values should be for its own sake rather than for some imaginary gain or control that paradoxically counters and obstructs the primary intention. Reality, Spirituality and Modern Man, chapter 10 "Experiential versus Conceptual", S. 194, 2008


  • The pendulum is not a game and same with any kind of divination. It shouldn't be done as sport; many people play with divina-
    tion and we never hear from them again. Audio series The Discovery, CD 4 of 6, Nightingale-Conant, United Kingdom, May 2007


  • Your karmic responsibility is to yourself and in relationship to Divinity, and that's what your concern should be.
Audio interview The Meaning and Purpose of Life, presented by the suspended US American web radio station "Beyond the Ordinary",
hosts Nancy Lorenz and Elena Young, minute 22:00-33:00, 60 minutes duration, aired 11. January 2005


  • Devotion to truth. Willingness to surrender everything as it arises. This has been a statistical rarity. My intention is that this
    should not be a rarity. Sedona Seminar Emotions and Sensations, 3 DVD set, 17. April 2004


  • Guilt should only be a sign, not a place to hang out. Sedona Seminar Alignment, 3 DVD set, 16. April 2005


  • The intention is sufficient and then ask God to reveal to you more about what you should be doing.
Sedona Seminar Perception vs. Essence, 3 DVD set, 22. April 2006


  • Question: My spiritual journey is lonely [...] not being around others who feel the same way. People are not on the same path.
    Answer: That should not compromise the love you have for people. It should be unconditional. 
Sedona Satsang Q&A, Sedona Creative Life Center, 2 CD set, 13. September 2006


  • The power that should go to truth, believability and credence etc. you have now given to falsehood.
Prescott Seminar Spirituality: Reason and Faith, 3 DVD set, 26. January 2008


  • So what should we feel about evil, about hate web sites that gloried in the fractured pelvis of an elegant old lady? What should
    we think about it. How should we hold it? Well we should pray for them maybe. Can we pray for hate, can we pray for the sour-
    ces of hate and that they see things differently?
    Let's ask if that's advisable. We have permission to ask this: It is advisable to pray for the purveyors of evil. Resist. [...] I want
    to know if it's safe. s safe to pray for the purveyors of hatred. Resist. [...] Oh boy.
    Prescott Seminar Freedom. Morality and Ethics, lecture 6, 3 DVD set, minute 1:40:00-1:44:00, 8. November 2008

Causing – D. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • All negative reactions are not caused from outside; it’s how we choose. The way to become bulletproof is to own anything that seems a fault. Sedona Seminar Emotions and Sensations, DVD 1 of 3, minute 43:00, 17. April 2004

Zitate von anderen Quellen

Persönliches Bekenntnis
Geständnis eines ehemaligen Normopathen: Abstandnehmend von einer Welt des Sollens

  • Ich gehörte zu jener seltsamen Rasse von Menschen,
    die treffend beschrieben werden als Leute, die
    ihr Leben lang Dinge tun, die ihnen zuwider sind,
    um Geld zu verdienen, das sie nicht wollen,
    um Dinge zu kaufen, die sie nicht brauchen,
    um Leute zu beeindrucken, die sie nicht mögen.
Emile Gauvreau (1891-1956) US-amerikanischer Zeitungs- und Zeitschriftenredakteur, Journalist, Romanschriftsteller, zitiert in: Barbara Sher (1935-2020) US-amerikanische Karriere- und Lifestyle-Coach, Referentin, Autorin zum Thema Zielerfüllung, Für
deine Träume ist es nie zu spät. Durchstarten in der zweiten Lebenshälfte
, Kapitel 7, S. 153, [1998] Deutscher Taschenbuch Ver-
lag (dtv), 2014




Sag nie: "Ich muss!" –
Wollen ≠ Sollen

  • Sag nie: "Ich muss!" – Du schmiedest eine Kette!
    Nicht Sklave, frei geboren ist der Geist.
    Es ist sein Rat, der deinen Weg dir weist.
    Erwarte nicht, dass dich ein Mensch errette.
    Du selbst hast Macht, dein Wesen zu verwandeln,
    und deine Wandlung wandelt dein Geschick.
    Dem Zwang entwachsend, schmiedest du dein Glück.
    Das Königswort "Ich will" bestimmt dein Handeln.
    Sag nie: "Ich muss!" – Das ist ein Wort für Knechte.
    Der Weise will und nimmt die Pflichten an.
    Es dient sich selbst, der andern dienen kann.
    Sein Wollen wahrt ihm seine Königsrechte!
    Ephides. Ein Dichter des Transzendenten, Band 3 der Erstausgabe, übermittelt durch das Medium Hella Zahrada (†1966), Herbst 1934-Herbst 1936, Bürger-Verlag, 18. Januar 2012


  • "Wir müssen was wollen." "Ihr wollt nichts." "Ihr sollt wollen müssen." Das ist auch ein Cargo-Kult, immer zu sagen "Wir müssten endlich wirksam sein." […] Es kommt darauf an, wollen zu wollen und nicht müssen zu müssen. […] Und Sie kommen dann hierher, lassen sich einmal den Kopf waschen und sagen dann 'Ja, wir sollen mal was wollen wollen'. Das geht so nicht. Videovortrag von Prof. Dr. Gunter Dueck (*1951) deutscher Professor für Mathematik, visionärer Dozent, weltanschaulich-philosophischer Sachbuchautor, Cargo-Kulte, bereitgestellt von dem digitalen Konferenzveranstalter re:publica, 3. Mai 2016, YouTube Film, Minute 51:07, 1:01:39 Dauer, eingestellt 4. Mai 2016

Cargo-Kulte entstehen, wenn man beobachtete Rahmenbedingungen richtig steckt, ohne dass das wesentlich Erhoffte geschieht,
weil etwas Zentrales nicht verstanden wurde.



  • Wenn ich nur darf, wenn ich soll, aber nie kann, wenn ich will, dann mag ich auch nicht, wenn ich muss.
    Wenn ich aber darf, wenn ich will, dann mag ich auch, wenn ich soll, und dann kann ich auch wenn ich muss.
    Denn schließlich: Die können sollen, müssen wollen dürfen.
    Johannes Conrad (1929-2005) deutscher Satiriker, Karikaturist, Schauspieler, Schriftsteller, gesehen als Graffiti am U-Bahnhof Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Herbst 1989



  • Sechs Wörtchen nehmen mich in Anspruch jeden Tag: Ich soll, ich muss, ich kann, ich will, ich darf, ich mag.
    Friedrich Rückert [Freimund Raimar] (1788-1866) deutscher Übersetzer arabischer, hebräischer, indischer und chinesischer
    Dichtung, Lyriker, Die Weisheit des Brahmanen, Band 2, Leipzig, 1837

Internet-Schlagwort: "Ich kann, weil ich will, was ich muss."

  • Was ist aber von dem ruhmredigen Ausspruche der Kraftmänner [...] zu halten: »Was der Mensch will, das kann er«? Er ist nichts weiter als eine hochtönende Tautologie: was er nämlich auf den Geheiß seiner moralisch-gebietenden Ver-
    nunft will, das soll er, folglich kann er es auch thun (denn das Unmögliche wird ihm die Vernunft nicht gebieten).
    Immanuel Kant [BW 460] (1724-1804) deutscher Philosoph der Aufklärung, Autor, Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht, Erstes Buch, Kapitel 12, "Vom Können in Ansehung des Erkenntnißvermögens überhaupt", S. 148, Akademieausgabe Band VII, 1798


  • Wir sind gewöhnt, sogenannte moralische Fragen mit dem Wort 'sollen' zu verknüpfen, mit dem Gedanken an Gebote. Forderungen richten sich jedoch an unseren Willen. Um etwas zu tun, muss ich es wollen. Wenn wir etwas sollen, dann heißt das, wir sollen es wollen.
    Robert Spaemann (1927-2018) deutscher Professor für römisch-katholische Philosophie, Mitglied der Ritter-Schule, Autor, Moralische Grundbegriffe, S. 24, C. H. Beck, München, 1982, Taschenbuchausgabe 26. Oktober 2004


  • Manche wenden sich ab von dir, weil du dich nicht nach dem "Man sollte" und "Jeder tut das" bewegst. Du bist dir
    treu und verlierst dadurch die, die dich nur so lange annahmen, wie du ihnen angenehm und passend warst. Sie wol-
    len nicht die Herausforderung deiner inneren Stärke, nicht die Verunsicherung, die mit deiner Offenheit und Direkt-
    einhergeht. Sie wollen dich profillos. Sie wollen dich grau und berechenbar. Sie wollen Ruhe über alles und da-
    rum müssen sie dich links liegen lassen, um sich selbst in ihre Dumpfheit zu retten. Ulrich Schaffer (*1942) deutscher Fotograf, Schriftsteller, zitiert in: Meine Lieblingsgedichte von Ulrich Schaffer, präsentiert von hexchen02, undatiert


  • Gewollt hab ich schon gemocht, aber gedurft ham sie mich nicht gelassen. Lothar Matthäus (*1961) deutscher Fußball-
    spieler und -trainer, Antwort auf die Frage, weshalb er nicht deutscher Bundestrainer wurde, 2004


  • Der praktische Satz gilt doch: du kannst, denn du sollst!
    Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) deutscher Philosoph, Historiker, Dichter, Schriftsteller, Gedichte, Kapitel 131, Maxime ausge-
    drückt von Figur Achter, J. G. Cotta'sche Buchhandlung, Stuttgart, 1879

Quotes by various other sources

Personal avowal

  • If I only may when I shall, but never can when I want, then I also don't want when I must. Yet if I may when I want, then
    I also want when I shall, and furthermore, I can when I must. After all, those who shall be able must be allowed to want. Observation made by an unknown German author



  • You are not allowed to use the words: "Always", "Never", "Blame", "Deserve", "Entitled", "Special". Nothing is special
    about you [anybody]. Removed audio presentation by Caroline Myss Myss.com (*1952) US American spiritual teacher, mystic, medical intuitive, bestselling author, How Times of Change Influence Your Sacred Contracts, sponsored by the "Celebrate your Life" conference, Phoenix, Arizona, archived in CMED Free Media, minute 1:04:54, 1:18:19 duration, 5.-8. November 2010

Phrases like "I'm always ...", "I will/did never ...", "I blame you/myself ...", "I should ...", "I should have ...",
"I deserve ...", "I'm entitled to ...", "I'm special ..." do impede the spiritual path.



  • We must all learn to live together as brothers or we will all perish together as fools. We are tied together in the single garment of destiny, caught in an inescapable network of mutuality. And whatever affects one directly affects all in-
    For some strange reason I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. And you can
    never be what you ought to be until I am what I ought to be. This is the way God's universe is made; this is the way
    it is structured. Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) US American Baptist minister, activist, leader of the African American
    civil rights movement, Sermon Keep Moving From This Mountain, sponsored by Temple Israel of Hollywood, 25. February 1965



  • If the person insists on a certain program, and doesn't listen to the demands of his own heart, he's going to risk a schi-
    zophrenic crackup. Such a person has put himself off center. He has aligned himself with a program for life, and it's not
    the one the body's interested in at all. The world is full of people who have stopped listening to themselves or have liste-
    ned only to their neighbors to learn what they ought to do, how they ought to behave, and what the values are that they
    should be living for. Joseph Campbell, Ph.D. [LoC 410] (1904-1987) US American mythologist, expert in comparative mythology
    and comparative religion, author, six part PBS television documentary The Power of Myth, interviewing host Bill Moyers,
    chapter 36, S. 181, 21-26 June 1988

Caveat: Miracles emerge. Shoulds keep them afar.

  • 5. Miracles are habits, and should be involuntary. They should not be under conscious control. Consciously selected miracles can be misguided.
    A Course in Miracles, textbook [LoC 550], chapter 1 "The Meaning of Miracles", S. 3,
    The Foundation for Inner Peace, 3rd edition 1976, revised edition 1996


  • [People gravitating to the absolutist stage] have high moral standards and a strong sense of what should be.
    Susanne Cook-Greuter, Ed.D., Swiss-American independent education scholar, coach, consultant, cofounder of the think tank
    Integral Institute, Denver, Colorado, 1998, Ego Development. Nine Levels of Increasing Embrace, PDF, S. 16, 1985, 2005



"Woulda Coulda Shoulda"

Hypothetical or subjunctive reasoning

  • The expression is actually an informal rendering of three conditions: would have, could have and should have. These are considered subjunctive moods, be-
    cause they imply possible or theoretical conditions, otherwise known as wishful
The mugging victim would have run away, could have attacked the mugger or should have drawn attention to himself, but none of these conditions actually happened.
Text What Does "Woulda Coulda Shoulda" Mean?, presented by wisegeek.com, undated

Englische Texte – English section on Shoulding

Language of obligation ⇔ language of choice

Terms of obligation ⇔ terms of choice
    Force based obligation and force        Empowered choice    
ShouldPrefer to
Must/need toDecide to
Ought toShall choose to
Right (moral)/wrong (immoral)Individually preferable/less preferable
Extrinsically created "rights"Intrinsically generated respect of individual choices
Either/or – DebateAnd/also – Discussion
Scarcity perspectiveAbundance perspective
Win/lose or lose/lose engineeringWin/Win engineering
Extrinsic motivationsIntrinsic motivations
Punishments/rewards received/givenExternal/internal cause and effect known/used
Coercive situationsVoluntary situations
See also:
Communication styles in traditional patriarchy ⇔ equal dignity society
Language and ► Force and ► Power and ► Choice

42 principles of Maat

At least eight out of the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament were taken from the Egyptian Principles of Ma'at written at least 2000 years earlier. The 42 Principles of Ma’at are one of Africa's, and the world's, oldest sources of
moral and spiritual instruction. Ma'at, the Ancient Egyptian divine principle of truth, justice, and righteousness,
is the foundation of natural and social order and unity.


42 negative confessions of Ancient Egypt sourcing the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament
༺༻42 declarations of purity
42 negative confessions (Papyrus of Ani)
42 commandments of Ancient Egypt
1.I have not done iniquity.
I have not committed sin.
I.Thou shalt not kill, nor bid anyone kill.
2.I have not robbed with violence.II.Thou shalt not commit adultery or rape.
3.I have not stolen.III.Thou shalt not avenge thyself nor burn with rage.
4.I have not made any to suffer pain.
I have not slain men or women.
IV.Thou shalt not cause terror.
5.I have not defrauded offerings.
I have not stolen food.
V.Thou shalt not assault anyone nor cause anyone pain.
6.I have not swindled offerings.VI.Thou shalt not cause misery.
7.I have not stolen from God/Goddess.VII.Thou shalt not do any harm to man or to animals.
8.I have not told lies.VIII.Thou shalt not cause the shedding of tears.
9.I have not caused the shedding of tears.
I have not carried away food.
IX.Thou shalt not wrong the people nor bear them any evil intent.
10.I have not dealt deceitfully.
I have not cursed.
X.Thou shalt not steal nor take that which does not belong to you.
11.I have not acted guilefully.
I have not closed my ears to truth.
XI.Thou shalt not take more than thy fair share of food.
12.I have not laid waste to the land.
I have not committed adultery.
XII.Thou shalt not damage the crops, the fields, or the trees.
13.I have not set my lips against anyone.
I have not made anyone cry.
XIII.Thou shalt not deprive anyone of what is rightfully theirs.
14.I have not been angry or wrathful without a just cause.
I have not felt sorrow without reason.
XIV.Thou shalt not bear false witness, nor support false allegations.
15.I have not lusted nor defiled the wife of any man.
I have not assaulted anyone.
XV.Thou shalt not lie, nor speak falsely to the hurt of another.
16.I have not polluted myself.
I am not deceitful.
XVI.Thou shalt not use fiery words nor stir up any strife.
17.I have not caused terror.
I have not stolen anyone’s land.
XVII.Thou shalt not speak or act deceitfully to the hurt of another.
18.I have not done that which is abominable.
I have not been an eavesdropper.
XVIII.Thou shalt not speak scornfully against others.
19.I have not multiplied words exceedingly.
I have not falsely accused anyone.
XIX.Thou shalt not eavesdrop.
20.I have never uttered fiery words.
I have not been angry without reason.
XX.Thou shalt not ignore the truth or words of righteousness.
21.I have not judged hastily.
I have not seduced anyone’s wife.
XXI.Thou shalt not judge anyone hastily or harshly.
22.I have not transgressed nor have I vexed or angered God.
I have not polluted myself.
XXII.Thou shalt not disrespect sacred places.
23.I have not stopped my ears against the words of Right and Truth.
I have not terrorized anyone.
XXIII.Thou shalt cause no wrong to be done to any workers or prisoners.
24.I have not burned with rage.
I have not disobeyed the Law.
XXIV.Thou shalt not be angry without good reason.
25.I have not worked grief.
I have not been exclusively angry.
XXV.Thou shalt not hinder the flow of running water.
26.I have not acted with insolence.
I have not cursed God/Goddess.
XXVI.Thou shalt not waste the running water.
27.I have not avenged myself.
I have not behaved with violence.
XXVII.Thou shalt not pollute the water or the land.
28.I have not stirred up strife.
I have not caused disruption of peace.
XXVIII.Thou shalt not take God’s name in vain.
29.I have not been an eavesdropper.
I have not acted hastily or without thought.
XXIX.Thou shalt not despise nor anger God.
30.I have not wronged the people.
I have not overstepped my boundaries of concern.
XXX.Thou shalt not steal from God.
31.I have done no harm nor have I done evil.
I have not exaggerated my words when speaking.
XXXI.Thou shalt not give excessive offerings nor less than what
is due.
32.I have not worked treason.
I have not worked evil.
XXXII.Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods.
33.I have never fouled the water.
I have not used evil thoughts, words or deeds.
XXXIII.Thou shalt not steal from nor disrespect the dead.
34.I have not spoken scornfully.
I have not polluted the water.
XXXIV.Thou shalt remember and observe the appointed holy days.
35.I have never cursed God.
I have not spoken angrily or arrogantly.
XXXV.Thou shalt not hold back the offerings due God.
36.I have not behaved with arrogance.
I have not cursed anyone in thought, word or deeds.
XXXVI.Thou shalt not interfere with sacred rites.
37.I have not envied or craved for that which belongs to another.
I have not placed myself on a pedestal.
XXXVII.Thou shalt not slaughter with evil intent any sacred animals.
38. I have not stolen what belongs to God/Goddess.XXXVIII.Thou shalt not act with guile or insolence.
39.I have not filched food from the mouth of the infant.
I have not stolen from or disrespected the deceased.
XXXIX.Thou shalt not be unduly proud nor act with arrogance.
40.I have done no hurt unto man, nor wrought harm unto beasts.
I have not taken food from a child.
XL.Thou shalt not magnify your condition beyond what is appropriate.
41. I have not acted with insolence.XLI.Thou shalt do no less than your daily obligations require.
42.I have never magnified my condition beyond what was fitting.
I have not destroyed property belonging to God/Goddess
XLII.Thou shalt obey the law and commit no treason.
► Blog article 42 Principles of Maat 2000 years before Ten Commandments, presented by xenophilius, wordpress, 11. March 2008
► Blog article 42 Laws of Maat, or 42 Negative Confessions, or 42 Admonition to Goddess Maat, or 42 Declarations of Innocence or Admonitions of Maát,
     42 Laws of Maat of Ancient Egypt, or the Laws of the Goddess Maat
, presented by Vanessa Cross, J.D., LL.M., 2012
See also: ► Principles and ► Bible


Links zum Thema Sollen / Should


Literature (engl.)

Externe Weblinks

  • Wikipedia-Einträge Humes Gesetz, Metaethik (Sein-Sollen-Dichotomie: Von einem Sein auf ein Sollen zu schließen: Von einer Menge rein deskriptiver Aussagen kann nicht ohne Weiteres auf normative oder präskriptive Aussagen logisch geschlossen werden., Sein, Sollen (Pflicht)
  • Persönlichkeiten David Hume (1711-1776)

Signalwort des Opfers: Kann nicht
Signalworte des Verfolgers: Immer, Nie, Schuld, Sollen, Müssen, Aber
Signalworte des Retters: Nötig haben, Brauchen

  • Beitrag Worüber sollten wir uns nicht schämen?, präsentiert von der kalifornischen Frage-und-Antwort Webseite Quora, Elfriede Ammann, Referenz zur Sollen-Problematik – Modalverben – Bedeutung, 618 Aufrufe · 13 Likes, 4. November 2019

External web links (engl.)

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