Wiki / Natur









Universum C. Flammarion  Holzschnitt, Paris, 1888
Kolorit von Heikenwaelder Hugo, Wien, 1998





Zitate zum Thema Natur und Umwelt / Nature and environment

Zitate allgemein

Colocasia esculenta, Wildfeuer, 29. März 2009
Detailansicht eines Taro-Blattes mit erkennbarer Blattnervatur




  • Die Natur ist ein völlig effizientes, selbst-generierendes System. Wenn wir die Gesetze entdecken, welche dieses System regeln und synergetisch mit ihnen leben, wird daraus Nachhaltigkeit resultieren und die Menschheit wird ein Erfolg. R. Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) US-amerikanischer Systemtheoretiker, Architekt, Ingenieur, Konstrukteur, Designer, Erfinder, Futurologe, Philosoph, Autor, Quelle unbekannt



  • Der Mensch ist die dümmste Spezies! Er verehrt einen unsichtbaren Gott und tötet eine sichtbare Natur, ohne zu wissen, dass diese Natur, die er vernichtet, dieser unsichtbare Gott ist, den er verehrt. Hubert Reeves (*1932) kanadischer Atom- und Astrophysiker, populärwissenschaftlicher Autor, Quelle unbekannt


Referenz: de.Wikiquote-Eintrag Natur


  • Wo fass ich dich, unendliche Natur?
    Euch Brüste, wo? Ihr Quellen alles Lebens,
    An denen Himmel und Erde hängt.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832) deutscher Universalgelehrter, Bühnendichter, Schriftsteller,
Faust. Der Tragödie zweiter Teil, Kapitel 4, 1832



  • Die Seele wird vom Pflastertreten krumm.
    Mit Bäumen kann man wie mit Brüdern reden,
    und tauscht bei ihnen seine Seele um.
    Die Wälder schweigen.
    Doch sie sind nicht stumm.
    Und wer auch kommen mag,
    sie trösten jeden.
    Erich Kästner (1899-1974) deutscher Schriftsteller, Quelle unbekannt


General quotes

Personal avowals / insights


Measure of civilization

  • I do not think the measure of a civilization
    Is how tall its buildings of concrete are.
    But rather how well its people have learned to relate
    To their environment and fellow man.
    Sun Bear of the Chippewa Tribe


  • I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practise resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness to the world; or if it were sublime, to know it by experience, and be able to give a true account of it in my next excursion. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) US American historian, philosopher, leading transcendentalist, naturalist, abolitionist, surveyor, tax resister, development critic, poet, author, Walden, Or, Life in the Woods, walden1a.html, Ticknor and Fields, Boston, 1854


  • I don't understand why when we destroy something created by man we call it vandalism, but when we destroy something created by nature we call it progress. Ed Begley, Jr. (*1949) US American actor, environmentalist, aphorism, source unknown



Naming inconsistency

  • Someone needs to explain to me
    why wanting clean drinking water makes you an activist,
    and why proposing to destroy water with chemical warfare doesn't make a corporation a terrorist.
Article When Drones Guard the Pipeline: The Militarization of Our Fossil Fuels, presented by the US American publication Alternet, Winona LaDuke (*1959) Ojibwe Native American economist, environmentalist, activist, writer, Frank Molley, 17. June 2013


  • And into the forest I go, to lose my mind and find my soul. Anonymous



  • Live in the sunshine, swim the sea, drink the wild air. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) US American philosopher, Unitarian, lecturer, poet, essayist, collection of essays The Conduct Of Life, 1860, revised edition 1876


  • If you violate Nature's laws you are your own prosecuting attorney, judge, jury, and hangman. Attributed to Luther Burbank (1849-1926) US American botanist, horticulturist, pioneer in agricultural science, |source unknown




Nature's absurd appearance

  • It is not a question of whether a theory is philosophically delightful, or easy to understand, or perfectly reasonable from the point of view of common sense. The theory of quantum electrodynamics describes Nature as absurd from the point of view of common sense. And it agrees fully with experiment. So I hope you can accept Nature as She is – absurd. [...] Please don't turn yourself off because you can't believe Nature is so strange. Richard Feynmann (1918-1988) US American physicist known for integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, Nobel-laureate in physics, 1965, QED. The Strange Theory of Light and Matter, chapter 1, S. 10, Princeton University Press, 1985



  • Wilderness is a necessity [...]. They will see what I meant in time. There must be places for human beings to satisfy their souls. Food and drink is not all. There is the spiritual. In some it is only a germ, of course, but the germ will grow. John Muir (1838-1914) Scottish-born US American naturalist, early advocate of the preservation of American wilderness, author, source unknown


Future prospect

  • If this earth should ever be destroyed, it will be by desire, by the lust of pleasure and self-gratification, by greed of the green frog skin, by people who are mindful of their own self, forgetting about the wants of others. John Fire Lame Deer [The Old Man] (1900/1903-1976) North American Mineconju-Lakota Sioux holy man, member of the Heyoka society, father of Archie Fire Lame Deer (1935-2001), Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions, recorded interviews with Richard Erdoes (1912-2008) Hungarian German artist, illustrator, author first published 1972, Simon & Schuster, 1. October 1994



  • Whether we and our politicians know it or not, Nature is party to all our deals and decisions, and she has more votes, a longer memory, and a sterner sense of justice than we do. Wendell Berry (*1934) US American man of letters, academic, cultural and economic critic, farmer, endorsement statement for Charles E. Little's book The Dying of the Trees,1997
  • Thus it is said that Nature does not multiply things unnecessarily; that she makes use of the easiest and simplest means for producing her effects; that she does nothing in vain. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, 22. February 1632


  • Nature does nothing in vain, and more is in vain when less will serve; for Nature is pleased with simplicity, and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes. Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) English psysicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, philosopher, nature researcher, civilian administrator, writer, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, New Latin issue 1687, second edition 1713, 1726, 1728


  • In our description of nature the purpose is not to disclose the real essence of the phenomena but only to track down, so far as it is possible, relations between the manifold aspects of our experience. Niels Bohr (1885-1962) Danish quantum physicist, Nobel laureate in physics, 1922, author, Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature, 1934, Cambridge University Press, reissue edition 27. May 2011


Schedelsche Weltchronik, Erschaffung der Tiere
Nürnberg 1493
  • Nature does not do our human either "this" or "that". [...] Nature is very conservative with things that work well and very radical when things don't work. When there is crisis it's an opportunity for change. Elisabet Sahtouris, Ph.D. sahtouris.com (*1950) Greek-American post-Darwinian creationist evolutionary biologist, pastist/futurist, promoter of anthropomorphism over mechanomorphism, business consultant, former UN consultant, Learning from Nature to Create Global Family, World Wisdom Council, Theme Creating a New Civilization, sponsored by Goi Peace Foundation, Tokyo, 12. November 2005


  • In fact, nature doesn't do our either-ors. It's either this way or that way. Nature is both-and. It's competitive AND it's cooperative. It's profoundly conservative when things are working well and gets radically creative when they don't work. [...] Nature has been doing economics [resources, production, distribution, consumption, recycling] for billions of years and may have something to teach us about it. […] We cannot separate ecology [interest of group, bigger whole] from economy [selfinterest] because they are both about how you run the household. What we really need now is ecosophy […] wisdom economics. Video key note presentation by Elisabet Sahtouris, Ph.D. (*1950) Greek-American post-Darwinian creationist evolutionary biologist, pastist/futurist, promoter of anthropomorphism over mechanomorphism, business consultant, former UN consultant, sponsored by Ethical Fashion Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2010, YouTube film, Nature's ecosophy part 1, minute 13:45, 14:44 minutes, Nature's ecosophy, part 2, minute 0:00, 13:05 minutes duration, posted 7. June 2011


Definition of God in nature

  • The universe, to me, is fundamentally Consciousness – alive, aware and intelligent. This Consciousness is non-local, i.e. everywhere, and is what different cultures variously personify as God, under many names. It is also what physicists now call "zero-point energy" – the infinite energy existing at every point in space. Elisabet Sahtouris, Ph.D. (*1950) sahtouris.com (*1950) Greek-American post-Darwinian creationist evolutionary biologist, pastist/futurist, promoter of anthropomorphism over mechanomorphism, business consultant, former UN consultant, cited in: Redefining The Concept of God, blog entry by dejavouz, 4. March 2009


  • We have now reached a new tipping point where enmities are more expensive in all respects than friendly collaboration; where planetary limits of exploiting nature have been reached. It is high time for us to cross this new tipping point into our global communal maturity. […] In high technology societies, many people are now promoting the observation of nature to learn clean, non-toxic production, full recycling, 'Natural Capitalism,' ethical markets and fair finance. Integrating all of these with a myriad peacekeeping and human potential efforts we can see it is possible for us to develop ecosophies. Elisabet Sahtouris, Ph.D. sahtouris.com (*1950) Greek-American post-Darwinian creationist evolutionary biologist, pastist/futurist, promoter of anthropomorphism over mechanomorphism, business consultant, former UN consultant, reissued storytelling article Ecosophy: Nature's Guide to a Better World, originally presented by the quarterly journal for global transformation Kosmos Journal, 2014, Earth Day 2015


Miniature table globe
  • When Nature has work to be done [wants to solve a problem], she creates a genius to do it. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) US American philosopher, Unitarian, lecturer, poet, essayist, The Method of Nature, delivered before the Society of the Adelphi, Waterville College, Maine, 11. August 1841


  • Whether we and our politicians know it or not, Nature is party to all our deals and decisions, and she has more votes, a longer memory, and a sterner sense of justice than we do. Wendell Berry (*1934) US American man of letters, academic, cultural and economic critic, farmer, cited as part of an endorsement statement for Charles E. Little, The Dying of the Trees, 1997


  • Biologists know that trees in the forest are social beings. They can count, learn and remember, nurse sick neighbors, warn each other of danger by sending electrical signals across a fungal network known as the "Wood Wide Web", and, for reasons unknown, keep the ancient stumps of long-felled companions alive for centuries by feeding them a sugar solution through their roots. Peter Wohlleben (*1964) German forest official, faction author, German Forest Ranger Finds That Trees Have Social Networks, Too , presented by the US American daily newspaper The New York Times, Sally McGrane, 29. January 2016



Wood wide web

Interplant communication

  • The cornerstone to this failure is man's view that he is separate from Nature, and that only he is sentient. New scientific research showing that plants and trees communicate and behave in ways that engender forest diversity, community, health, productivity, adaptability, resilience – even equanimity (or stability) – challenges this paradigm. It awakens us to the possibility that Nature's most gentle creatures, forest trees and plants, are sentient beings highly evolved at the community level. Indigenous cultures have long seen this wisdom in forests, but modern society has been blind to it. New scientific evidence of interplant communication and behavior offers us a renewed opportunity to understand and learn from forests as communities. With this insight, we have the capacity to help the forest, and hence ourselves, to heal. Article Conversations in the Forest: The Roots of Nature's Equanimity, presented by SGI Quarterly, Suzanne Simard, Canadian professor of forest ecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, January 2015


  • After you have exhausted what there is in business, politics, conviviality, and so on – have found that none of these finally satisfy, or permanently wear – what remains? Nature remains. Walt Whitman (1819-1892) US American Quaker, journalist, poet, essayist, aphorism



Constructual law of evolution:

  • Anything that is of finite size and moves in order to persist in time which means to live must evolve such that it flows more and more easily for a greater and greater access over time. Adrian Bejan, Ph.D., Romanian-American professor of mechanical engineering, Duke University, discoverer of the constructal law of design and evolution in nature, cited in: Video segment of TV documentary series "Through the Wormhole" – Did God Create Evolution? – Constructal theory, presented by Discovery Science channel, narrated by Morgan Freeman (*1937) US American actor, narrator, producer, YouTube film, minute 4:31, 6:34 minutes duration, posted 13. August 2013
    • The constructal law was proposed in 1996 as a summary of all design generation and evolution phenomena in nature, bio and non-bio. The constructal law represents three steps toward making "design in nature" a concept and law-based domain in science:
      1. Life is flow: all flow systems are live systems, the animate and the inanimate.
      2. Design generation and evolution is a phenomenon of physics.
      3. Designs have the universal tendency to evolve in a certain direction in time.
    The constructal law is proposed as a first principle of physics accounting for all design and evolution in nature. It holds that shape and structure arise to facilitate flow. The designs that happen spontaneously in nature reflect this tendency: they allow entities to flow more easily – to measurably move more current farther and faster for less unit of useful energy consumed. en.Wikipedia entry [status January 2014], referring to the discovery of Adrian Bejan, Ph.D., Romanian-American professor of mechanical engineering, Duke University, discoverer of the constructal law of design and evolution in nature


  • Even if modern men of science will not accept it, there is a relationship between Nature and the soul. Mother Nature now attunes itself to our civilization and begins also to visit destruction. David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D. (1927-2012) US American physician, psychiatrist, consciousness researcher, teacher of the path of enlightenment, author



Indigenous right-brained model

  • As long as our economic system is based on chasing economic growth above all else, we are heading for environmental, and economic, disaster. To avoid this fate, we must switch our focus from quantitative growth to qualitative development, and set strict limits on the rate at which we consume the Earth's resources. In such a "steady-state" economy, the value of goods produced can still increase […] but the physical scale of our economy must be kept at a level the planet is able to sustain. Herman Daly (*1938) US American professor of ecological economics, school of public policy, University of Maryland, College Park, senior environmental economist, World Bank


Colorado River Delta as seen from space, 2004
Isla Montague is the large island in the center.


  • Grandfather used to call the rain 'the erotic ritual between heaven and Earth.' The rain represented the seeds sown in the Earth's womb by heaven, her roaring husband, to further life. Rainy encounters between heaven and Earth were sexual love on a cosmic scale. All of nature became involved. Clouds, heaven's body, were titillated by the storm. In turn, heaven caressed the Earth with heavy winds, which rushed toward their erotic climax, the tornado. The grasses that pop out of the Earth's warm center shortly after the rain are called the numberless children of Earth who will serve humankind's need for nourishment. The rainy season is the season of life. Yes, it had rained the night before. Dr. Malidoma Patrice Somé (*1956) West African Burkina Faso born, American based psychologist, medicine man, author, Of Water and the Spirit. Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of an African Shaman, Penguin, revised edition 28. September 1995, pocketbook, 31. December 2011


  • Outside of urban nature, most of the peer-reviewed science has been done on northern temperate forests. We know from the research that people respond very favourably to water, for instance, whether a fountain in a healing garden or a river or shoreline environment. We know less about response to tropical environments or desert environments. And we do know that we don't need endemic nature – ornamental nature or designed nature or even engineered nature can be effective.
    Not only were we part of nature as we evolved, but we were dependent on it. We had to rely on our senses, our intuition, and our responses in order to find food, water, shelter – the absolutely important things. We hunted or grew our food; we carried it back to the tribe.
    The research is starting to suggest that children who do not experience sufficient amounts of nature at an early age do not develop proper immune functions to protect them as they get older. To be in nature is to ingest those things that set up a healthy, thriving microbiome. And because of the sterility of some of our cities, with no parks and no trees, without that inoculation of nature, children are set back. Dr. Kathleen Wolf, US American environmental researcher, University of Washington, speaker, author, cited in: essay (audio availed) The healing power of nature, presented by the philosophical and cultural online magazine Aeon, Rebecca Lawton, fluvial geologist, writer, edited by Pam Weintraub, 6. September 2017


Twisted tree
  • Humanity has no more than ten years to reverse the trend and avoid crossing into this territory life on Earth as we have never known it. We have created phenomena we cannot control. Since our origins, water, air and forms of life are intimately linked. But recently, we have broken those links.
    • 20% of the world’s population consumes 80% of its resources.
    • The world spends 12 times more on military expenditures than on aid to developing countries.
    • 5,000 people a day die because of dirty drinking water.
    • 1 billion people have no access to safe drinking water.
    • Nearly 1 billion people are going hungry.
    • Over 50% of grain traded around the world is used for animal feed or bio fuels.
    • 40% of arable land has suffered long-term damage.
    • Every year, 13 million hectares of forest disappear.
    • One mammal in 4, one bird in 8, one amphibian in 3 are threatened with extinction.
    • Species are dying out at a rhythm 1,000 times faster than the natural rate.
    • Three quarters of fishing grounds are exhausted, depleted or in dangerous decline.
    • The average temperature of the last 15 years have been the highest ever recorded.
    • The ice cap is 40% thinner than 40 years ago.
    • There may be at least 200 million climate refugees by 2050.
It's too late to be a pessimist. Culture, education, research and innovation are inexhaustible resources. In the face of misery and suffering, millions of N.G.O’s prove that solidarity between peoples is stronger than the selfishness of nations. Interview with Yann Arthus-Bertrand (*1946) French environmentalist, photographer, reporter journalist, cited in: Blog article by Sean Hampton-Cole, Home (Excerpted Quotes from the Movie by Yann Arthus-Bertrand), presented by Ideas Out There, 29. September 2014




  • I don't like either the word or the thing. People ought to saunter in the mountains – not hike! Do you know the origin of that word 'saunter?' It's a beautiful word. Away back in the Middle Ages people used to go on pilgrimages to the Holy Land, and when people in the villages through which they passed asked where they were going, they would reply, 'A la sainte terre,' 'To the Holy Land.' And so they became known as sainte-terre-ers or saunterers. Now these mountains are our Holy Land, and we ought to saunter through them reverently, not 'hike' through them. John Muir (1838-1914) Scottish-born US American naturalist, early advocate of the preservation of American wilderness, author, cited in: Albert W. Palmer, A Parable of Sauntering, excerpted from: The Mountain Trail and Its Message, 1911


  • The twisted tree lives out its life, the straight tree finishes up as a board. Chinese proverb


Reference: en.Wikiquote entry Nature

Literary, lyrics, documentary and movie quotes

  • Where, boundless nature, can I hold you fast?
    And where you breasts? Wells that sustain
    All life – the heaven and the earth are nursed.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832) German polymath, poet, playwright, dramatist, novelist, drama,
Faust. A Tragedy, chapter 4, 1808


  • Trees are sanctuaries. Whoever knows how to speak to them, whoever knows how to listen to them, can learn the truth. They do not preach learning and precepts, they preach undeterred by particulars, the ancient law of life. Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) German-born Swiss poet, novelist, Bäume. Betrachtungen und Gedichte, Insel-Verlag, 1984


  • I go among trees and sit still.
    All my stirring becomes quiet
    around me like circles on water.
    My tasks lie in their places
    where I left them, asleep like cattle.
    Wendell Berry (*1934) US American man of letters, academic, cultural and economic critic, farmer, A Timbered Choir. The Sabbath Poems 1979-1997, Counterpoint, 1st edition 1. April 1999


  • Nature [base instincts], Mr. Allnut, is what we are put into this world to rise above. Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003) US American actress of film, stage, and television, impersonating a middle-aged spinster missionary at the outbreak of World War I, US American movie The African Queen, minute 45:29, 1951

Englische Texte – English section on Nature

Rogue waves

Large 52m high winter wave breaking over the islet of Rockall
(17m above sea-level), North Atlantic Ocean. 11. March 1943

Up to the 20th century sailor's stories about storms at sea that raised a single, ten-storey high wave were dismissed as tall tales.


Until the 1990s, scientists saw sea-waves as simply the total of the heights of the original waves. They were convinced that a rogue wave formed when enough waves came together at the same point.
In the 60ties scientists concluded that a single rogue wave of up to 30m high wave can be expected once every 10,000-30,000 years.


Satellite-based measurements proved that rogue waves do not only exist, but are relatively frequent. When European scientists analyzed 30,000 satellite images covering a three-week period during 2003, they found ten waves around the globe had reached 25 metres or more. After realizing rogue waves were a more common occurrence, a non-linear equation was used to help find a way to predict (anticipate) a rogue. Based on this theory, realistic rogue waves can be generated in a laboratory environment.


In reference to extreme events, rogue waves and soliton theoryThese are considered to be the most important discoveries in the twentieth and twenty first centuries mathematical and experimental physics. Article Optical sciences group – Theoretical Physics – ANU, Optical sciences group, Australian National University, retrieved 16. April 2016


Reference: en.Wikipedia entry Rogue wave

Nature and species statistics

52% of the world's mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and amphibians disappeared between 1970 and 2010.
Report by the World Wildlife Fund


Source: ► Article WWF: Half the world's wildlife gone over last 40 years,
presented by the daily US American newspaper Chicago Tribune, Tom Miles, 30. September 2014
See also: ► Animals and ► Statistics

Childe Harold's Pilgrimage

There is pleasure in the pathless woods,
There is a rapture on the lonely shore,
There is society, where none intrudes,
By the deep sea, and music in its roar:
I love not man the less, but Nature more,
From these our interviews, in which I steal
From all I may be, or have been before,
To mingle with the Universe, and feel
What I can ne'er express, yet cannot all conceal.

Source: ► Lord Byron [George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron] (1788-1824) English
Romantic poet, lengthy narrative poem in four parts Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, 1812-1818

Cradled by Mother Earth

         Touch the Earth         


There is a road in the hearts of all of us, hidden and seldom traveled, which leads to an unknown, secret place.

Japanese Gardens, Cowra, NSW,
Australia, 22. September 2006

The old people came literally to love the soil, and they sat or reclined on the ground with a feeling of being close to a mothering power. Their teepees were built upon the earth and their altars were made of earth. The soul was soothing, strengthening, cleansing and healing. That is why the old Indian still sits upon the earth instead of propping himself up and away from its life giving forces. For him, to sit or lie upon the ground is to be able to think more deeply and to feel more keenly. He can see more clearly into the mysteries of life and come closer in kinship to other lives about him.


Chief Luther Standing Bear, date unknown



Links zum Thema Natur und Umwelt / Nature and environment


Die in einem Sozialverband lebenden Bäume stillen ihre Kinder über Jahrzehnte, kümmern sich um Alte und Schwache und warnen sich über weite Strecken vor Feinden.

Literature (engl.)

Externe Weblinks

External web links (engl.)

Audio- und Videolinks

Filme und Fernsehserien

  • Freier Dokumentarfilm von Yann Arthus-Bertrand (*1946) französischer Umweltschützer, Fotograf, Regisseur, Reporter, Journalist, Autor, HOME (DE), veröffentlicht 2009, YouTube Film, 1:33:17 Dauer, eingestellt 3. September 2012
  • Kinodokumentarfilm Plastik Planet, Regisseur Werner Boote, YouTube Film, 1:31:03 Dauer, eingestellt 13. August 2014

Audio- und Videolinks (engl.)

  • Audio interview with Penny Kelly, US American engineer, kundalini awakened psychic, science translator, teacher, lecturer, spiritual consultant, naturopathic physician, author, Penny Kelly Interview, presented by Timeless Topics Radio. The World Beyond TV (TWBTV), host Steve Freier, recorded at Lily Hill Farm, southwest Michigan, 26. August 1997, YouTube film, 52:10 minutes duration, posted 21. July 2014

Organic vinyard farming following the advice of the elves and the landscape deva of the land

  • Excerpted video documentary featuring the research of Prof. Dr. Ing. Bernd-Helmut Kröplin (*1944) German engineer, professor of "Applied numerical methods", dean of The Institute for Statics and Dynamics of Aerospace Structures, University of Stuttgart (1988-2010), author, Water has Memory, presented by Nature Channel Oasis HD, California, YouTube film, 2:49 minutes duration, posted 3. February 2011

Water is capable of "memory" by storing information and retrieving it.

Kelly shares about her encounters with the elves on her land in Michigan. Minute 1:03:07-1:11:22

  • Video presentation by Suzanne Simard, Canadian professor of forest ecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, How trees talk to each other, sponsored by TEDSummit, 26-30 June 2016, Banff, Canada, 18:19 minutes duration, recorded June 2016


Interne Links



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