Zweifel – Ungewissheit
Was wäre wenn? Die Geschichte mit dem Hammer
Ein Mann will ein Bild aufhängen. Den Nagel hat er, nicht aber den Hammer.
Der Nachbar hat einen. Also beschließt unser Mann, hinüberzugehen und ihn auszuborgen.
Doch da kommt ihm ein Zweifel
"Was, wenn der Nachbar mir den Hammer nicht leihen will?
Gestern schon grüßte er mich nur so flüchtig. Vielleicht war er in Eile.
Aber vielleicht war die Eile nur vorge-
schützt, und er hat etwas gegen mich.
Und was? Ich habe ihm nichts angetan; der bildet sich da etwas ein.
Wenn jemand von mir ein Werkzeug borgen wollte, ich gäbe es ihm sofort.
Und warum er nicht?
Wie kann man einem Mitmenschen einen so einfachen Gefallen abschlagen?
Leute wie dieser Kerl vergiften einem das Leben.
Und da bildet er sich noch ein, ich sei auf ihn angewiesen.
Bloß weil er einen Hammer hat. Jetzt reicht's mir wirklich."' –
Und so stürmt er hinüber, läutet.
Der Nachbar öffnet, doch bevor er "Guten Tag" sagen kann,
schreit ihn unser Mann an:
"Behalten Sie sich Ihren Hammer, Sie Rüpel!"
| Quelle: ► Paul Watzlawick (1921-2007) österreichisch-US-amerikanischer Kommunikationswissen-|
schaftler, Psychotherapeut, Psychoanalytiker, Soziologe, Philosoph, Autor, S. 37-38, Anleitung zum Unglücklichsein, Piper Verlag, München, Erstausgabe 1983, 1988, 15. Auflage November 2009
| Siehe auch: ► Geschichtensammlung und ► Irrtum|
Zitate zum Thema Zweifel / Doubt
Es ist aber der Glaube eine gewisse Zuversicht des, das man hofft,
und ein Nichtzweifeln an dem, das man nicht sieht. Hebräer 11, 1, Lutherbibel 1912 (NT)
- Im Umgang mit Dingen –
beginne dort, wo alles unklar ist,
achte darauf, wo Zweifel auftauchen,
schaffe dort etwas, wo nichts ist,
arbeite hart, wo Schwachstellen sind.
Zugeschrieben Gautama Buddha (563-483 v. Chr.) indischer Avatar, Lehrer der Erleuchtung, Zentralfigur des Buddhismus,
Stratocumulus-Wolken unterschiedlicher Größe
- Wenn du zweifelst, halte inne und warte.
Wenn der Zweifel verflogen ist, geh mutig voran.
Doch solange dich der Nebel umgebt, verharre solange,
bis das Sonnenlicht durchbricht und den Nebel auflöst –
was sicher geschehen wird.
Häuptling White Eagle (1825-1914) nordamerikanischer Haupthäuptling der Ponca Nation, zitiert auf Englisch in:
Chief White Eagle Quotes
- Glaube jenen, die die Wahrheit suchen,
zweifle an jenen, die sie finden,
zweifle an allem, doch niemals an dir selbst.
[Französisches Original] Croyez ceux qui cherchent la vérité, doutez de ceux qui la trouvent; doutez de tout, mais ne doutez pas de vous-même.
André Gide (1869-1951) französischer Schriftsteller, Nobelpreisträger für Literatur, 1947, Ainsi soit-il; ou, Les Jeux sont faits,
S. 174, Éditions Gallimard, 1952
- Hege nie Zweifel daran, dass eine kleine Gruppe aufmerksamer und engagierter Bürger die Welt verändern können. Tatsächlich sind es die einzigen, welche es überhaupt je getan haben.
Zugeschrieben Margaret Mead (1901-1978) US-amerikanische Kulturanthropologin, Soziologin, Biologin, Ethnologin, Referentin, Schriftstellerin, zitiert in: Frank G. Sommers, Tana Dineen, Curing Nuclear Madness, S. 158, Methuen, 1984
- [W]enn ich an allem zweifle, so kann ich doch nicht daran zweifeln, dass ich zweifle und dass ich es bin, der zweifelt. Und wenn ich weiß, dass ich, während ich zweif-
le, zweifle, so muss ich denken, dass ich zweifle. Es gibt also eine unbezweifelbare Gewissheit, ein erstes, allem anderen vorausgehendes Prinzip: Cogito ergo sum – "Ich denke, also bin ich."
Richard David Precht (*1964) deutscher Philosoph, Dozent, Fernsehmoderator, Publizist, Wer bin ich. Und wenn ja, wieviele? Eine philosophische Reise, Kapitelüberschrift "Ulm. Ein Winterabend im 30-jährigen Krieg. Woher weiß ich, wer ich bin?", S. 52, Goldmann Verlag, 24. Auflage September 2007
- Das Ärgerlichste in dieser Welt ist, dass die Dummen todsicher und die Intelligenten voller Zweifel sind.
[Englisches Original: The fundamental cause of the trouble is that in the modern world the stupid are cocksure while
the intelligent are full of doubt.]
⚡ Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) englischer Wissenschaftsphilosoph, Logiker, Mathematiker, Historiker, Sozialreformer, "Pazifist", Mitglied der Royal Society and MI5, Nobelpreisträger für Literatur, 1950, Mortals and Others. American Essays 1931-1935,
Passage "The Triumph of Stupidity", Routledge Chapman & Hall, 1998
- Wenn Zweifel Herzens Nachbar wird,
Die Seele sich in Leid verwirrt.
Cumuluswolke über Lechtaler Alpen, Österreich, 26. Mai 2005
- Um Gut's zu tun, braucht's keiner Überlegung,
der Zweifel ist's, der Gutes Böse macht.
Bedenke nicht – gewähre wie du fühlst.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) deutscher Universalge-
lehrter, Bühnendichter, Schriftsteller, Figur Iphigenie in: Bühnenstück Iphigenie auf Tauris, 5. Aufzug, 3. Auftritt, uraufgeführt 6. April 1779
- Nicht der Zweifel macht wahnsinnig, sondern die Gewissheit. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) deutscher klassischer Gelehrter, Philologe, Philosoph, Kulturkritiker, Philosoph des Nihilismus, Schriftsteller, autobiographische Schrift Ecce homo. Wie man wird, was man ist, Kapitel 4, 4, geschrieben 1888-1889, C. G. Naumann, Leipzig, 1908
Zitate von David R. Hawkins
- Das Gefühl, von Gott aufgegeben und ohne Hoffnung zu sein, führt zu einem umfassenden Zustand von Depression und kann eine Veränderung in der Wahrnehmung von Zeit einschließen, die man mit der Erfahrung der niederen Ebenen der Hölle vergleichen könnte, wie Dante sie beschreibt: "Lasst alle Hoffnung fahren, die ihr hier eintretet." Dieser Zustand mag eine vorübergehende Phase als Folge intensiver innerer spiritueller Arbeit darstellen, besonders für einen Suchenden, der alle Warnungen in den Wind schlägt und die tiefsten Ebenen des Bewusstseins auslotet. In dieser Tiefe fühlt der Suchende intuitiv, dass es nötig ist, das Ego zurückzulassen und jeden Zweifel aufzugeben.
Dr. David R. Hawkins, Erleuchtung ist möglich. Wie man die Ebenen des Bewusstseins durchschreitet, S. 36, 2008
- I can live with doubt, and uncertainty, and not knowing. I think it's much more interesting to live not knowing than to have answers which might be wrong.
Seljalandsfoss waterfall, Iceland
I have approximate answers and possible beliefs and different de-
grees of certainty about different things. But I'm not absolutely sure of anything, and there are many things I don’t know anything about, such as whether it means anything to ask why we're here, and what the question might mean. I might think about it a little bit; if I can't figure it out, then I go onto something else. But I don’t have to know an answer. I don't feel frightened by not knowing things, by being lost in the mysterious universe without having any purpose
, which is the way it really is, as far as I can tell – possibly. It doesn't frighten me. Interview with Richard Feynman (1918-1988) US American physicist known for integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, Nobel-laureate in physics, 1965, Richard Feynman about doubt and uncertainty, presented by the long-running British documentary television series on TV station BBC Horizon, 1981, YouTube film, 0:53 minutes duration, posted 12. April 2012
- When you are in doubt, be still, and wait; when doubt no longer exists for you, then go forward with courage. So long
as mists envelop you, be still; be still until the sunlight pours through and dispels the mists – as it surely will. Then act with courage. Chief White Eagle (1825-1914) North American principal Ponca chief, cited in: Chief White Eagle Quotes
- We want to have certainties and no doubts, results and no experiments – without even seeing that certainties can arise only through doubt, and results only through experiment.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, founder of a new school of analytical depth psychology, author, Joseph Campbell, Ph.D. (1904-1987) US American mythologist, expert in comparative mythology and comparative religion, author, here editor, The Portable Jung, Penguin Books, 9. December 1976
- Doubt is not a pleasant mental state [condition], but certainty is an absurd one.
[French original: "Le doute n'est pas une état bien agréable, mais l'assurance est un état ridicule."]
Voltaire [François-Marie Arouet] (1694-1778) French philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment, social critic, proponent of the French Revolution, advocate of civil liberties, freedom of religion, free trade, deist, writer, letter to Frederick II of Prussia (1712-1786), dated
6. April 1767
- The public [...] demands certainties. [...] But there are no certainties.
H. L. Mencken (1880-1956) US American critic of American life and culture, satirist, journalist, magazine editor, essayist, author, Prejudices. First Series, chapter 3, Alfred A. Knopf, September 1919
- Doubt is the crown of life because truth and error come together.
Doubt is living, truth is sometimes death and stagnation.
When you are in doubt, you have the greatest chance to unite the dark and light sides of life.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, founder of a new school of depth psychology, author, The Practical Use of Dream Analysis – Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 16, S. 89, 1934, Bollingen Foundation, Pantheon Books, New York City, New York, 1954; Dream Analysis 1. Notes of the Seminar Given in 1928-30, Taylor & Francis, 1st edition 7. June 1984
- I don't say that adoration isn't important, but I do say that doubt is infinitely more important than adoration. Everywhere people are searching for objects to adore, but I don't find people awake enough in their attitudes and convictions. How happy we would be if terrorists would adore their ideology less and question more.
Anthony de Mello SJ (1931-1987) Indian Catholic Jesuit priest, psychotherapist, spiritual leader, author, Awareness. Conversations with the Masters, Doubleday, New York, Image, S. 148, reprint paperback edition 1. June 1990, May 1992
- I think that the true spiritual guide admits that he or she is still in process, that they are always aware of their own shadow and of the limitations of their upbringing, their cultural conditioning, their cultural religious views. The true spiritual guide never claims to be unified with the divine. The human being can merge with God but can never become
I have come to believe, too, that real spiritual guides welcome disagreement and doubt, for two reasons.
- One is because those who are really awake know that they can learn from anyone, and
- the other is that doubt is part of the necessary finding out of the secret hiding places of the false self.
Interview with Andrew Harvey (*1952) Indian-British religious scholar, Rumi translator and explicator, teacher of mystic traditions, architect of Sacred Activism, poet, novelist, author, Teachers and Seekers: An Interview with Andrew Harvey, presented by the
US American media company Yoga Journal, Catherine Ingram, issue 123, S. 62-63, July/August 1995
- There is nothing more dreadful than the habit of doubt. Doubt separates people. It is a poison that disinte-
grates friendships and breaks up pleasant relations. It is a thorn that irritates and hurts; it is a sword that kills.
Buddha (563-483 BC) Indian Avatar, teacher of enlightenment, central figure of Buddhism
- Ultimately […] repressed doubts may lead to the overcompensation of fanaticism.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, founder of a new school of depth psychology, author,
Gerhard Adler, translator, R.F.C. Hull, editor, H. G. Baynes, translator, Psychological Types. The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 6, S. 342-354, Princeton University Press, 2nd edition 1971, 1. October 1976
- Fanaticism always means overcompensated doubt.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, founder of a new school of depth psychology, author,
Gerhard Adler, editor, Aniela Jaffe, editor, Letters of C. G. Jung. Volume II, 1951-1961, S. 31, Princeton University Press,
1. April 1976, Routledge, reissued edition 20. May 1976
- Doubt is to certainty as neurosis is to psychosis.
- The neurotic is in doubt and has fears about persons and things;
- the psychotic has convictions and makes claims about them.
In short, the neurotic has problems, the psychotic has solutions. Thomas S. Szasz (1920-2012) Hungarian US-American professor emeritus of psychiatry, State University of New York Health
Science Center, Syracuse, New York, social critic of the moral and scientific foundations of psychiatry and scientism, The Second
Sin, cited in: AZ Quotes, Anchor Press, 1st edition 1973
- In the Catholic Church, official theology is determined by the hierarchy, who have a vested interest in keeping things as they are. When Mother Teresa admitted to the priests and bishops who were her spiritual directors that she was tormented by feelings of distance from God and by doubts in God’s existence, these priests and bishops didn't want to encourage real questioning; they probably didn’t even give themselves permission to question deeply. Unquestioning faith enables the system to continue undisturbed. […] Father Neuner taught Mother Teresa to reframe doubt as a sign that she had drawn so close to God that she shared
the agony of Jesus, who cried from the cross, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" Mother Teresa's doubts
did not therefore require examination, but a greater, unquestioning faith. Mary Johnson, US American nun in the order of the Missionaries of Charity (MC) (1977-1997), author, cited in: article Mother Theresa's Masochism: Does Religion Demand Suffering to Keep People Passive?, presented by the US American left-leaning website AlterNet, Valerie Tarico, 28. April 2013
- People who have advocated nuclearism, nuclear weapons, may spend their lives building them up. And at their moment of retirement where they are no longer in that environment they can say very wise things about nuclear weapons and their danger. They can let lift that suppression of their doubts and then they know better than anyone else what these weapons can do.
There is something about a person coming out of a cult that is parallel to that retirement syndrome. Once there is let
in some further encouragement of possibility for returning to those doubts they can pour out like a geyser because
they've been there and they've been suppressed for so long.
Video interview/dialog with Robert Jay Lifton, M.D. (*1926) US American psychiatrist, known for his studies of the psychological causes and effects of war and political violence and for his theory of thought reform, Dr. Robert Jay Lifton and Steve Hassan: August 2012, host Steven Alan Hassan (*1954) US American ex-Moonie, cult exit educator, mental health consultant, author, Wellfleet, Cape Cod, 20. August 2012, Vimeo video, minute 47:11, 53:16 minutes duration, posted ~20. August 2012
- Even after hearing from 156 of his own victims, as they reminded Larry Nassar (*1963) […], Nassar still did not
want to believe them.
At least 14 officials at Michigan State University were told Nassar was a predator. [...] None of those officials believed
it. Bill Cosby. More than 50 women have come forward since Andrea Constand first filed a police report in 2005.
Harvey Weinstein. More than 80 women have told their stories about sexual assault a dozen years after Courtney Love told TV cameras in 2005: "If Harvey Weinstein invites you to a private party in the Four Seasons, don't go."
Teachers. Coaches. Priests. Sergeants. CEOs. Judges. Shift bosses at McDonald's. The president. Or rather: presidents. All of them were believed, and the women and girls were not.
Essay The sickening consequence of doubting and dismissing women and girls. People like Larry Nassar get away with abuse, presented by the US American newspaper edited by and for women The Lily, Petula Dvorak, 26. January 2018
See also: Established sexual predation at the workplace
Alfred Hitchcock (60ties) • Clarence Thomas (90ties) • Roger Ailes (2016) • Harvey Weinstein (2017)
- To leap from one certainty to another skips the holy ground of uncertainty, of not knowing, of humility, into which genuinely new information can come.
Blog article by Charles Eisenstein, Ph.D. (*1967) US American graduate in mathematics and philosophy, scholar on Eastern spiritual traditions, Chinese translator, associate professor, Penn State University, speaker, author, The Conspiracy Myth, May 2020
- There are two different kinds of doubt. There's self-doubt and idea doubt. Self-doubt is paralyzing. It leads you to freeze. But idea doubt is energizing. It motivates you to test, to experiment, to refine.
Adam Grant, Ph.D. (*1981) professor of organizational psychology, University of Pennsylvania, author, The surprising habits of original thinkers, presented by TED Talks 2016, minute 9:19, 15:34 minutes duration, filmed and posted February 2016
- The fundamental cause of the trouble is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt.
⚡ Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, social reformist, pacifist, member of the Royal Society, Nobel laureate in literature, 1950, in Mortals and Others. Bertrand Russell's American Essays, "The Triumph of Stupidity", 10. May 1933, S. 28, 1931-1935, Routledge, 1998
- To my thinking, miracles are never a stumbling-block to the realist. It is not miracles that dispose realists to faith. The genuine realist, if he is an unbeliever, will always find strength and ability to disbelieve in the miraculous, and if he is confronted with a miracle as an irrefutable fact he would rather disbelieve his own senses than admit the fact. Even if he admits it, he admits it as a fact of nature till then unrecognized by him. Faith does not, in the realist, spring from the miracle but the miracle from faith. If the realist once believes, then he is bound by his very realism to admit the miraculous also. The Apostle Thomas said that he would not believe till he saw, but when he did see he said, "My Lord and my God!" Was it the miracle that forced him to believe? Most likely not, but he believed solely because he desired to believe and possibly he fully believed in his secret heart even when he said, "I do not believe till I see." Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821-1881) Russian writer of novels, short stories and essays, The Brothers Karamazov, book I, chapter 5 "Elders", 1879
- The best lack all conviction and the worst are full of passionate intensity. William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) Irish poet, playwright, Nobel laureate in literature, 1923, poem The Second Coming, written in 1919, first printed in "The Dial", November 1920
Quotes by David R. Hawkins
- And if I make any mistakes, if any of the teachings that I've taught in these classes is in error, I promise you, I will speak for you before The Father. That it was my teaching, my error, my shortcoming. To own the source of the error is here.
Dr. David R. Hawkins, Prescott Seminar Freedom. Morality and Ethics, 3 DVD set, 8. November 2008
- That health is more important than disease,
that life is more important than death,
that honor is preferable to dishonor,
that faith and trust are preferable to doubt and cynicism,
that the constructive is preferable to the destructive –
all are self-evident statements not subject to proof. Ultimately, the only thing we can say about a source of power is
that it just "is". Dr. David R. Hawkins, Power vs. Force. The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior, chapter 8 "The Source of
Power", S. 133, Hay House, February 2002
- Certainty is the consequence and the fulfillment of the requirements of subjectivity. The quality of "realness" is itself a purely subjective condition. Therein, however, lies the trap of illusion. The central problem of illusion is not that it is unreal or fallacious, but that it seems real, as noted by Socrates twenty-five hundred years ago. Thus, even certainty is a primary illusion that is often clung to out of fear, doubt, or uncertainty. On the other hand, with maturity, doubt can be accepted and reconceptualized as being necessary to progress and therefore
a useful tool for investigation and growth. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Truth vs. Falsehood. How to Tell the Difference, chapter 8
"Fact Versus Fiction: Reality and Illusion", S. 74, 2005
Perspective projection of the omnitruncated 24-cell
into 3D centered on a great rhombicuboctahedron
- The Radiance of God is the light of awareness that reveals the Divinity of all that exists. In the stillness of the Infinite Presence, the mind is silent, as there is nothing that can be said; all speaks of itself with completeness and exactitude. With this realization, one transcends the final duality of existence versus nonexistence because only existence is possible. The opposite of Truth does not exist, since Reality excludes nonreality. In this realization resides the Peace of God. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Dissolving the Ego, Realizing the Self. Contemplations from the Teachings of David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D., edited by Scott Jeffrey, S. 167-168, last quote, Hay House, August 2011
- One reason for the seemingly endless delays in the way to enlightenment is doubt, which should be surrendered as a resistance. It is important to know that it is actually extremely rare for a human to be committed to Spiritual Truth to the degree of seriously seeking enlightenment, and those who do make the commitment do so because they are destined for enlightenment.
Who am I? Who is asking? You find out who is asking, and that answers the whole question. It's not a "who" but a "what". Dr. David R. Hawkins, Dissolving the Ego, Realizing the Self. Contemplations from the Teachings of David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D., edited by Scott Jeffrey, S. 206, last quote, Hay House, August 2011
- Consciousness is so powerful that it overrules common sense and logic, and many other things. It has to be adressed directly to undo it. […] The first thing to do is to begin to doubt a certain belief system. The doubt gradually undoes it, together with other healing modalities. Doubt opens an alternate possibility. You know, the whole family is allergic, and you say "Yes, but that may not apply to me." You begin to create a doubt block. You say, that it may no longer apply to
me. I suggest to people who have chronic illnesses that they say: "That may no longer apply to me." You acknowledge that karmi-
cally it was an error; it is only a period of time in your life.
Interview with Dr. David R. Hawkins, Healing and Recovery, presented by the US American health magazine "Unified Health!",
Matt Laughlin, volume 5, # 14, S. 20, Winter 2009
- Question: Periodically I get this sense of doubt [...] and I get scared [...] Why does that sense of doubt, and the feeling of less than come up? [...] I surrender it and surrender it.
Answer: Oh, you are unworthy, you're just a punk. How God tolerates you is beyond me. [Huge laughter] Well because doubt is very common. [...] It's a normal thing for this to come up. Don't forget you are working through stacks of karma and in those stacks there was the denial of Spiritual Reality, denial of God, etc.. [...] So this time when the doubt comes up you have to reject the doubt. And you ask for the truth of Divinty, ask the Holy Spirit for a miracle to see how it is in Truth. [...] You take the 11th step and ask God to help you to see it through prayer and meditation.
Dr. David R. Hawkins, Prescott Seminar Spirituality: Reason and Faith, 3 DVD set, minute 2:56:00-2:56:58, 26. January 2008
We have a friend now who is sick. We pray everday to God for alleviation of this person's illness and their recovery. And that's all we can do. Now it's up to their karma. OK? That's all we can do.
- Question: I'd like to ask how not to doubt. How to overcome the doubt of God?
Answer: Well, you do prayer and the same thing everybody does, 'Dear God, please help me to understand my relationship to Thee and Thy infinite nature.' Just with prayer and supplication, and going to church or whatever devotional activities are part of your life, yes? Service to the poor or service to the sick and dying. […] Yes, devotion.
Dr. David R. Hawkins, Prescott Seminar Love, DVD 2 of 3, minute 1:23, 17. September 2011
Links zum Thema Zweifel / Doubt
External web links (engl.)
Audio- und Videolinks
Audio and video links (engl.)
- Video interview with Vincent Bugliosi (*1934) US American attorney, former Catholic, agnostic, author, presented by the syndicated television show Connie Martinson Talks Books, host Connie Martinson (*1932) US American television personality, member of the National Book Critics Circle, YouTube film, posted 9. August 2011