Wiki / MutterTeresa
Die albanische Mystikerin Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, die in jungen Jahren Visionen von Jesus hatte, erlangte unter dem Namen Mutter Teresa Weltruf. In westlichen Ländern wurde sie als "Heilige der Gosse" und als "Engel der Armen" bekannt – als eine
Frau, die selbstlose Nächstenliebe verkörpert.
Der Wendepunkt in ihrem Ordensleben ereignete sich am 10. September 1946 auf einer Zugreise nach Darjeeling. Im Alter
von 36 Jahren hörte sie die Stimme Jesu, der zu ihr sagte: Komm, sei mein Licht. Jesus hat ihr aufgetragen, in den Slums
mit Allerärmsten, Straßenkindern, Bettlern, Kranken und Sterbenden zu arbeiten.
1948 begann Mutter Teresa den Frauenorden der Missionarinnen der Nächstenliebe mit zwölf Schwestern in der indischen Großstadt Kalkutta. Anerkannt wurde ihre Initiative von der römisch-katholischen Kirche erst zwei Jahre später im Jahr 1950. 2010 arbeiteten etwa 5000 Schwestern und 450 Brüder in über 710 Häusern in 137 Ländern für den Orden.
Als Mutter Teresa ihre Mission in den Slums von Kalkutta begann, verlor sie die Nähe zu Gott. Im Zuge ihrer bis zum Tode dauernden "Dunklen Nacht der Seele" verlor sie beinahe den Glauben an die Existenz Gottes, den sie nicht mehr fühlen
Sie erhielt Ehrendoktortitel und 1979 den Friedensnobelpreis. Am 19. Oktober 2003 hat Papst Johannes Paul sie selig gesprochen. Ihre Heiligsprechung fand am 4. September 2016 statt, nachdem sie offiziell vom Papst bestätigt ein zweites Wunder erwirkt hatte.
Siehe auch: Sammer S. 22, Kolodiejchuk S. 119
Exzerpt aus einem Brief an einen vertrauten Beichtvater
Mutter Teresas Dunkle Nacht der Seele (Nox animi)
Alle "Geheimen Aufzeichnungen" von Mutter Teresa wurden in den drei-bändigen Seligsprechungs-Akten im Jahr 2002 hinterlegt. Im gleichen Jahr wurden sie von dem Redaktionsleiter Saverio Gaeta der katholischen Zeitung "Famiglia Cristiana" veröffentlicht.
Exzerpt aus einem Brief an ihre Mitarbeiter
Basis ihres Glaubens:
Gedruckt auf Mutter Teresa Visitenkarten
Hinweis: Beschreibung von Mutter Teresas innerer Not (anlässlich der Gründung ihres Ordens) ab dem Jahr 1950 bis zu ihrem Tod im Jahr 1997.
Mutter Teresas Geheimnis: Beten ohne Unterlass
Das Leben ist eine Chance, nutze sie.
Das Leben ist schön, schätze es.
Das Leben ist eine Wonne, koste sie.
Das Leben ist ein Traum, verwirkliche ihn.
Das Leben ist eine Herausforderung, nimm sie an.
Das Leben ist ein Spiel, spiel‘ es.
Das Leben ist kostbar, geh sorgsam damit um.
Das Leben ist ein Reichtum, bewahre ihn.
Das Leben ist Liebe, genieße sie.
Das Leben ist ein Rätsel, löse es.
Das Leben ist ein Versprechen, erfülle es.
Das Leben ist ein Lied, sing es.
Das Leben ist ein Kampf, nimm ihn auf.
Das Leben ist eine Tragödie, stell dich ihr.
Das Leben ist ein Abenteuer, wage es.
Das Leben ist Glück, behalte es.
Das Leben ist kostbar, zerstöre es nicht.
Das Leben ist Leben, erkämpf' es dir!
| Quelle: ► MutterTeresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, Engel von Kalkutta] (1910-1997) albanisch-indische |
katholische Missionarin, Nonne, Ordensgründerin, Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, 1979, Gedicht Dennoch
|Siehe auch: ► Schaumermal und ► Schatten|
|See also: ► "Anyway" – the attitude of steadfastness|
Nonnen im Dienst für Jesus – nicht für Mitmenschen
Mutter Teresas tiefe Jahrzehnte währende Glaubenskrise
Ethisch unverantwortliche Vorzeigeheilige
Devotional avowal addressed to God
This declaration written by Mother Teresa hung outside the Mother House referring to the public misconceptions regarding
her person and the MC order.
Listen to the heart
Quotations of Mother Teresa Mother Teresa on obedience and surrender, excerpted from the book Jesus the Words to Be Spoken. Prayers and Meditations for Every Day of the Year by Mother Teresa, compiled by Father Angelo D. Scolozzi, Servant Publications, 6th printing edition October 1986
Saint or a sinner depends on oneself.
Obedience – straight way to God
Surrendering one's free will
Prompt, simple, blind, and cheerful
Obedience is humility.
Dialog with God – Prayer
Her secret: Neverending prayer
Fixation on suffering:
Real love hurts.
Life is an opportunity, benefit from it.
Life is a beauty, admire it.
Life is a dream, realize it.
Life is a challenge, meet it.
Life is a duty, complete it.
Life is a game, play it.
Life is a promise, fulfill it.
Life is sorrow, overcome it.
Life is a song, sing it.
Life is a struggle, accept it.
Life is a tragedy, confront it.
Life is an adventure, dare it.
Life is luck, make it.
Life is life, fight for it!
| Source: ► ⚡ Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997) |
Albanian-born Indian Catholic nun, saint, missionary, humanitarian, founder of
the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, Nobel Prize for Peace laureate, 1979
Response to Mother Teresa's canonization by her long-term critic Aroup Chatterjee, 3. September 2016
Releasing Mother Teresa's secret confession letters
David Hawkins who corresponded with Mother Teresa tested in public whether his view on her was correct. (Calibrated as strong.)
[Paraphrased] Only 20 or 30 people in the world could comprehend Mother Teresa's work.
Source: ► Article by David van Biema, US American TIME journalist, religious author,
Mother Teresa's Crisis of Faith [Mutter Teresa tiefe Glaubenskrise],
presented by the US American weekly news magazine TIME, S. 3-5, 23. August 2007
Mother Teresa reassured Mr. Van der Peet:
Jesus has a very special love for you.
[But] as for me, the silence and the emptiness is so great, that I look and do not see, – listen and do not hear – the tongue moves [in prayer] but does not speak [...].
Lord, my God, who am I that You should forsake me? The Child of your Love – and now become as the most hated one – the one – You have thrown away as unwanted – unloved. I call, I cling, I want – and there is no One to answer – no One on Whom I can cling – no, No One. – Alone [...]. Where is my Faith – even deep down right in there is nothing, but emptiness and darkness – My God – how painful is this unknown pain – I have no Faith – I dare not utter the words & thoughts that crowd in my heart – and make me suffer untold agony.
Addressed to Jesus, at the suggestion of a confessor,
So many unanswered questions live within me afraid to uncover them – because of the blasphemy – If there be God – please forgive me – When I try to raise my thoughts to Heaven – there is such convicting emptiness that those very thoughts return like sharp knives and hurt my very soul. – I am told God loves me – and yet the reality of darkness and coldness and emptiness is so great that nothing touches my soul. Did I make a mistake in surrendering blindly to the Call of the Sacred Heart?
Mother Teresa prayed to the deceased Pope for:
Pope Pius XII died October 1958.
| Video sources: |
► Video presentation Mother Teresa: The Legacy, official film of the occasion of Mother Teresa's Beatification in Rome, 2003, produced
by the Canadian filmmakers Anne Petrie and Jeannette Petrie, YouTube film, 4:56 trailer, 54:21 minutes duration, posted 21. March 2009
► Deleted video TV presentation Mother Teresa – Questioning, presented by the US American broadcasting corporation ABC News,
YouTube film, 2:45 minutes duration, posted 10. September 2007
|See also: ► Phoenix [Crisis of faith]|
Jesus said that:
"I have chosen you.
I have called you by my name, you are mine."
Every day you have to say yes.
To be where He wants you to be.
If He puts you in the streets, if everything taken from you and suddenly
you find yourself in the street to accept to be in the street at that moment.
Not for you to put yourself in the street, but to accept to be put there.
This is quite different.
To accept – if God wants you to be in the palace, well then, to accept to
be in the palace as long as you are not choosing to be in the palace.
This is the difference.
This is what makes the difference in Total surrender:
to accept whatever He gives and to give whatever it takes with a big smile.
This is the surrender – to God.
To accept to be cut to pieces and yet every piece to belong only to Him.
This is the surrender.
To accept all the people that come, the work that you happen to do.
Today you maybe have a good meal and tomorow you maybe have nothing.
There is no water in the pump or –
to accept – and to give whatever it takes –
if it takes your good name, it takes your health, it takes your
That's the surrender and that's where you are free then.
| Source: ► Adapted poem by ⚡ Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997) Albanian-born Indian Catholic nun, saint, missionary, |
humanitarian, founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, Nobel Prize for Peace laureate, 1979,
adapted from the original poem The Paradoxical Commandments by Dr. Kent M. Keith, written in 1968, renewed 2001
|See also: ► Poems|
|Siehe auch: ► DENNOCH – Haltung der Unerschütterlichkeit|
The first time in her life when photojournalist Linda Schaefer prayed to God she asked "Send me a good man". The next day she met her later husband. Soon after that he was diagnosed with a rare kind of terminal cancer. They married as planned – and she accompanied him in his last 1.5 years on earth.
Later as a widow – prepared for more miracles – she had an encounter with Mother Teresa and was meant to be her last photojournalist to have full access to her premises. Mother Teresa – once she had left the plane and greeted the Archbishop – she looked directly at Linda Schaefer, walked up to her and touched her heart. In this moment Schaefer heard inside the words Come and See.
When Linda Schaefer first showed up unannounced at Mother Teresa's headquarters in Calcutta in 1995 and begged to
More encounters with spirit were on Linda's way.
| Sources featuring Linda Schaefer, former US American CNN editor, photojournalist, author|
► Video interview "Conversations from St. Norbert College" featuring Linda Schaefer, presented by St. Norbert College (SNC),
recorded 2006, YouTube film, 30:00 minutes duration, posted 4. May 2009
► Audio interview A Journey with a Saint part 1 and 2, presented by Renewal Ministries, 2007
► Video presentation (preview) Linda Schaefer on Mother Theresa, GodTube film (Today's Christian Videos), 4:18 minutes duration, 2008
Life in the convent
Three rules: obedience, suffering, non-attachment
Mary Johnson is the former US American nun Sr Donata in the order of the Missionaries of Charity (MC), founded by Mother Teresa in 1950. Up to 5,000 nuns of around 600 MC missions established in 137 countries around the world [status 2010] were subjected to ongoing enormous strain as their leader and aspiring Catholic "saint" had ambitiously professed to Jesus "to give Saints to Mother Church."
Sr Donata was soon appointed to high ranking positions which allowed her to see Mother Teresa for several days every year. She served in New York, Winnipeg, Washington, and mostly in Rome as a superior. Rare among the MC sisters, she was sent
to study theology at Regina Mundi, a (now closed) Pontifical women's university in Rome. Hence, she was given the task to rewrite the constitutions of the order. She had studied Mother Teresa's writings very deeply, traveled with "Mother", and taught her message of love.
Leaving the convent
Disillusioned, yet yearning to be herself and living an authentic life, Sr Donata, now aged 35, struggled with more and more with depression. The enforced aspiration for sainthood tore her apart. She acknowledged to herself that the "Spouses of Jesus Crucified" seen as "Victims of God's Love" are serving in a religious cult.
After a self-imposed last year of intensified probation she chose to leave the austere MC convent where she felt choked by
an anti-inquiry atmosphere, a cultlike insistence on absolute obedience, a partially mean domination, an overregulated pre-
Vatican II protocol, pretense, and secrecy resulting in cognitive dissonance. Starved of human touch, Sr Donata eventually
rejected the standard of extreme self-denial and the ritual of humiliation resulting in emotional deprivation and isolation amidst
Life outside the convent
Renouncing one's vows was considered as one of the most shameful acts in the MC con-
vent. In 1997, shortly before Mother Teresa's death, Johnson experienced the most painful day of her life when she left the order of her calling, preceding her choice to also leave the Catholic Church. After twenty years of service as a nun Johnson was given a plane ticket and 500 $ to start a new life.
Revealing the dealings of life in a cultic religious order
After a decade of honest reflection and writing about her experiences and growth as a nun who had returned to the secular life, Johnson decided to share her candid yet poignant memoir An Unquenchable Thirst. Following Mother Teresa in search of love, service, and an authentic life, first published in spring 2011.
In her first book Johnson depicts the human side of Mother Teresa, a charismatic person tied to hierarchical church politics. She reveals that the Missionaries of Charity sisters are subjected to dogmatic, rigid convent politics, have to ask permission for their needs and wants, are not to touch each other unnecessarily, and are discouraged from having human friendships among each other. Following Mother Teresa's obliging "suggestion" the committed nuns practiced corporeal penance by self-flagellating with
a whip and wearing spiked steel chains (during morning prayers and mass). Exposed to real and possible joy and experiencing severe abuse the former nun describes her involvement with a sexually predatory subordinate and her subsequent love affair with a priest.
Called for truth – losing faith
Not therapy but studying English and creative writing helped Johnson to readapt to secular life where she then reevaluated her relationship with older women. After her deconversion she does no longer believe in a Supreme Being. Married since 2005, she is a compellingly honest writer and a mindful public speaker who touches atheists, believers and those who grapple with the wondrous mysteries of life and faith.
Perils of vows of
poverty, chastity, obedience
Everything ⇔ Nothing dichotomy
Convent rules forbade reading unapproved books and accepting or offering a consoling hug.
Questioning authority figures ⇔ obedience rule
Freed from the oppression of obedience
Celibacy, intimacy and intellect
Dealing with the vulnerability of the chastity vow and internal sexual exploitation:
Mother Teresa and the MC superior sisters avoided the issue thereby threatening the well-being of unsuspecting sisters.
Refusing the doctrin of suffering
Bridging the cognitive dissonance
Released from enforced strife for sainthood
Ambitious for obtaining sainthood:
The only ambition MC nuns were granted is the desire to be canonized as a saint. Johnson discovered Mother Teresa's deep involvement in the politics of the Catholic Church.
Critical journalist Hitchens changed his mind on Mother Teresa in 2007.
Expelled outsider! Reuniting with sisters failed
Response by current MC superior-general to the memoir of a former MC nun
Response to allegations of Mother Teresa's ignorance of world politics
Mother Teresa's schizophrenic mindset
No endorsement for Mother Teresa's canonization
Disencouraging doubts and questioning in favor of the fundamentalist status quo of the church
| Sources – Written interviews featuring Mary Johnson (*1958) US American nun in the order of the Missionaries of Charity (MC) (1977-1997), speaker, author|
► Interview Joining – Then Leaving – Mother Teresa: An Interview with Mary Johnson, presented by the publication Beyond The Margins,
Leslie Greffenius, 20. January 2012
► Interview Joining – Then Leaving – Mother Teresa: An Interview with Mary Johnson. Paart II, presented by the publication
Beyond The Margins, 10. February 2012
► Interview with Mary Johnson (*1958) former US American nun Sr. Donata in the order of the Missionaries of Charity (MC), founded by
Mother Teresa, An Interview with Mary Johnson, Author of "An Unquenchable Thirst" Over a year ago, presented by the US American
web portal Big Think, host Adam Lee, 14. March 2012
| Sources – Audio and video links featuring Mary Johnson (*1958) US American nun in the order of the Missionaries of Charity (MC) (1977-1997), speaker, author|
► Video presentation Mary Johnson Author of "An Unquenchable Thirst", YouTube film, 4:37 minute duration, posted 4. June 2011
► Video interview An Unquenchable Thirst, host Darlene Chandler-Bassett]], filmed by Post Production CineVision Productions,
YouTube film, 17:05 minute duration, posted 15. July 2011
► Video presentation and Q&A Discussion of "An Unquenchable Thirst", alternative Video, sponsored by the Elizabeth A. Sackler
Foundation, Museum of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Brooklyn, host and moderator Debra L. Schultz,
feminist historian, 25. September 2011, YouTube film, 1:17:41 minute duration, posted 23. November 2011
Mary Johnson's last conversation with Mother Teresa Minute 27:40-41:05
► Audio interview Living With A Saint, presented by the Canadian web radio station CBC Radio Tapestry, host Mary Hynes,
Canadian journalist, 54:00 minutes duration, aired 16. October 2011
► Video Tribute to Christopher Hitchens – 2012 Global Atheist Convention, YouTube film, 11:08 minutes duration, posted 16. April 2012
► Christopher Hitchens (1949-2011) English-American journalist, atheistic author, The Missionary Position.
Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, Verso, 1995
After having read her letters on her crisis of faith published ten years after her death in 2007 Hitchens reexamined and changed his conclusions about Mother Teresa's life and work.
► Deleted video statement Mother Teresa Letter Defending Pedophile 'Authentic' and 'Disturbing,' Says Former Nun, YouTube film,
4:27 minutes duration, originally posted 12. January 2012, reissued by the Californian free alternative weekly newspaper SF Weekly,
9. February 2012
Response to the cover story by Peter Jamison in the San Francisco Weekly on 11. January 2012 about Mother Teresa's defense of
Donald McGuire, a Jesuit priest serving a 25-year federal sentence for child molestation (2005-2030)
► Audio interview An Unquenchable Thirst, presented by Spiegel and Grau, aired February 2011, 42:10 minutes duration, reissued by
New Books Network, 4. November 2012
► Audio interview Life Stories #29: Mary Johnson, MP3, presented by Beatrice, host Ron Hogan, 27:18 minutes duration,
aired 30. March 2013
At the occasion of Mother Teresa's beatification ceremony in Rome in 2003 former nun of the Missionaries of Charity Colette Livermore, M.D. from Australia decided to reveal what she perceives as the dark side of this secluded convent where she had served from 1973 to 1984. Her chronicle Hope Endures. Leaving Mother Teresa, Losing Faith, and Searching for Mea-
ning2, which was published 24 years after Livermore had left the convent, questions blind faith and obedience. It weighs the following
Strict hierarchy devoid of equality
Dichotomy: Courage ⇔ surrender
Paradox of organisations based on dogmatic belief
Obedience of cohesion and order ⇔ the obedience of cowardice and submission
Importance of conscience
Enigma of Mother Teresa
Prayer excludes welfare work.
Livermore describes Mother Teresa is of a woman tortured by her own spirituality.
Livermore describes the MC order as a sect.
Livermore sees Mother Teresa's mistake in thinking that obedience was more important than compassion.
Mother Teresa's "theology of suffering"
Loss of faith after leaving the order
"Losing my religion"
| Media sources featuring Colette Livermore, M.D., Australian nun of the "Missionaries of Charity" order (1973-1984), physician, author|
► Video presentation Hope Endures: Colette Livermore, YouTube film, 3:21 minutes duration, posted 7. November 2008
► Radio interview, MP3, presented by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC Radio National, program "The Conversation Hour",
host Richard Fidler, 52:11 minutes duration, aired 18. November 2008
► Radio interview, presented by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC Radio Classic FM, deleted MP3, program "Mornings with
Margaret Throsby", host Margaret Throsby, 37:59 minutes duration, aired 19. November 2008
► Radio interview MP3, transcript, presented by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC Radio National, program
"The Spirit of Things", host Dr. Rachael Kohn, aired 23. November 2008
► Radio interview deleted MP3, presented by the US American Radio WICN, New England, program "Public Eye", host Al Vouna,
24:57 minutes duration, aired December 2008
► Radio interview, deleted MP3, presented by the US American Radio station KERA, program "Think, Texas", host Krys Boyd,
aired December 2008
Painful awakening to cultic betrayal
Former nun Shields' analysis:
Written reflection after 9.5 years with MC convent and 9 years in the secular world
Supposedly 90% of the donations given to MC remained unused.
MC: richest Catholic order – poorest sisters
| Sources featuring Susan Shields, US American former "Missionary of Charity" sister in a key accounting postion in the organization (1980-1989)|
► [♦] Mother Teresa's House of Illusions. How She Harmed Her Helpers As Well As Those They 'Helped' , presented by the bi-monthly journal
of secular humanist opinion and commentary Free Inquiry, published by the "Council for Secular Humanism", volume 18, # 1, winter issue
► [❄] Article Remembering Mother Teresa and the controversies around her, presented by the stories outlet Medium, Deed Trident,
26. August 2018
Offizielle Hagiographie, Biographie
Respektvolle Monographie; Kritik an Mutter Teresas Idee, dass ohne Armut und Leiden keine Gottesbegegnung und Entsühnung stattfindet, weswegen sie den Einsatz gespendeter moderner medizinischer Geräte sowie Schmerz- und Betäubungsmittel verbot, ihren Nonnen eine krankenschwesterliche Ausbildung verbot und die Nichtbeachtung von grundlegenden Hygienevorschriften "auferlegte". Kritik an Mutter Teresas Kampagne gegen Abtreibung, Verhütung und die Emanzipation der Frau. Ihre päpstlich bestätigte "Ordnung der Liebe" bestätigt den "Vorrang
Erste historisch-kritische mit Fakten belegte Biographie von Mutter Teresa
Am Jahresende hat Mutter Teresas Orden stets über 90 Prozent der Spendeneinnahmen auf das Konto der Vatikanbank in Rom überwiesen. Referenz: Blogartikel von Nicolaus Raßloff Der heilige Schein der Mutter Teresa, 11. September 2011
Three crucial order rules at MC prevalent in religious congregations before Vatican ll:
Deposition submitted before the committee for beatification/canonization of Mother Teresa, February 1998
Mother Teresa's defense letter of Donald McGuire, a Jesuit priest serving a 25-year federal sentence for child molestation (2005-2030).
Facts debunk the myth of Mother Teresa.
Having analysed over 500 published writings researchers of the University of Ottawa found in March 2013 that Mother Teresa was a saint of the media, not the gutters. She cared about poverty and not the poor who received only 5% of the donations collected by the richest nun in history.
The interview questions were submitted by US American high school students.
Movie links (engl.)
Mary Johnson's last conversation with Mother Teresa Minute 27:40-41:05
Linkless media offerings
Response to the cover storypresented by the free alternative weekly newspaper San Francisco Weekly, Peter Jamison, 11. January 2012 about Mother Teresa's defense of Donald McGuire, a Jesuit priest serving a 25-year federal sentence for child molestation (2005-2030)
Christopher Hitchens, British author of The Missionary Position. Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice (1995) about the saint's life and work reexamined and changed his conclusions about her after having read her letters on her crisis of faith published ten years after her death in 2007.
1 Article Mother Teresa’s priest pal ‘raped boy more than 1,000 times all over the world’ author image, presented by the United Kingdom's highest-circulation print newspaper Metro, Jimmy McCloskey, 31. December 2019 ⇑
2 Colette Livermore, M.D., Hope Endures. Leaving Mother Teresa, Losing Faith, and Searching for Meaning, William Heinemann, Australia, Free Press, 1st edition 2. December 2008 ⇑