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Soziologie

 

 

Phoenix illumination miniature, Aberdeen Bestiary

 

1 – It takes one to know one.
10 – It takes two to acknowledge one.
100 – It takes a group to heal one.
1000 – It takes all to – be one.

Elfriede Ammann

 


 

Einkommens- und Statusgefälle im weltweiten Vergleich – Wilkinson und Pickett

Der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Richard Wilkinson (ehemals Universität Nottingham) und seine Kollegin und Partnerin, die Sozialepidemiologin Kate Pickett (Universität von York) fanden in jahrzehntelangen Vergleichsstudien in 21 Industrieländern (Nordamerika, Europa, Australien, Japan):

Die Wurzel einer Vielzahl von sozialen Missständen in Industrieländern liegt nicht an der Höhe des Einkommens, sondern an der Einkommenskluft innerhalb einer Gesellschaft und dem damit einhergehenden Bewertungs- und Würdigunggefälle.

 

Ab einer Einkommens- und somit Chancenverteilung, die grundlegende Lebensbedürfnisse abdeckt – wie etwa in dem Land Kuba – ist nicht für das allgemeine Wohlbefinden und die Lebensqualität der Gesamtbevölkerung mehr die Höhe des Durchschnittseinkommens ausschlaggebend, sondern der Abstand im Gefälle von Einkommen und Status.

 

US-amerikanische Gallup Umfrage/Studie von Ed Diener, Daniel Kahneman et al., 2009
Ab einem Jahreseinkommen von 60.000 $ ist man nicht mehr glücklicher, sondern wähnt sich glücklicher.
Der Differenz zwischen dem erlebenden Selbst und dem Erinnerungsselbst verfälscht Umfrageergebnisse.

 

Source: ► Income’s Differential Influence on Judgments of Life Versus Affective Well-Being
See also:
Income, status and affective wellbeing – Having ♦ Doing ♦ Being
Two different notions of money and happiness – Daniel Kahneman et al.

 

Anhand von öffentlich zugänglichen und von Fremdquellen erstellten Statistiken auf internationaler Ebene schlussfolgerte das Forscherpaar Wilkinson/Pickett, dass das rankistische Machtgefälle zwischen den 20% der ärmeren und den 20% der reicheren Bevölkerungsschichten in Industriegesellschaften deutlich mit einer Vielzahl der drängendsten sozialen Probleme korreliert. Während das Einkommensgefälle zwischen Ober- und Unterschicht in Japan und den skandinavischen Staaten bei 3,5+ liegt, ist es in Vereinigten Staaten, Großbritannien, Portugal, Australien und Neuseeland mehr als doppelt so groß.

 

Je gravierender das Einkommens- und Statusgefälle zwischen den Gesellschaftsschichten in einem Staat ist, desto verschärfter treten auch dessen Problemfelder auf, hervorgerufen durch Rangmissbrauch. Je ungleicher die Gesellschaftsschichten eines Volkes beschaffen sind, desto mehr wird es durch Herrschaftsansprüche (Überlegenheit/Unterlegenheit – Stolz/Scham), Statuskonkurrenz, Statusunsicherheit, Angst vor sozialer Geringschätzung herausgefordert. Durch diesen Umstand verschlechtert sich die Lage des ganzen Volkes in vierzehn verschiedenen sozialen Problemfeldern:

  1. Armut,
  2. Stress,
  3. Gemeinschaft und soziale Beziehungen,
  4. Schulische Leistung und Bildungsstandard,

Körperliche und seelische Gesundheit

  1. Fettleibigkeit,
  2. Geisteskrankheit,
  3. Allgemeine Lebenserwartung,
  4. Krankheitsrate,
  5. Teenagerschwangerschaften,
  6. Drogenmissbrauch,
  7. Gewalt,
  8. Mordrate
  9. Verbrechensrate, Gefängnis und Bestrafung,
  10. "Gegenseitiges Vertrauen" und Korruption,
  11. Aufstiegsradius und Ursprungsfamilie (Soziale Mobilität)

 

Fazit: Die Wurzel von (weitgehend) allen sozialen Übeln liegt im Einkommensgefälle
und dem damit einhergehenden Würdigunggefälle.

 

Quelle: ► Richard Wilkinson (*1943) britischer Gesundheitswissenschaftler, emeritierter Professor für Sozialepidemiologie, Universität von Nottingham, Prof. Kate Pickett (*1965) britische Professorin für Epidemiologie, Universität York,\\ Mitautorin, Gleichheit ist Glück. Warum gerechte Gesellschaften für alle besser sind, Tolkemitt bei Zweitausendeins, 3. Auflage Dezember 2009

Resilienz – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis

Der Psychoanalytiker, Kinderpsychologe und KZ-Überlebende Jude Bruno Bettelheim, der im Alter Selbstmord begangen hat, bestätigt in einer psychologischen Analyse in seinem Buch Aufstand gegen die Masse. Die Chance des Individuums in der modernen Gesellschaft (1980) folgende verhältnismäßige soziologische Faustregel der Resilienz angesichts des Umgangs mit Lebenskrisen.
Reaktionsschema bei Extremsituationen
DrittelungBiblischer HinweisVerhaltensqualitätBeschreibung
1. DrittelOhne Brot sind sie nicht imstande dazu!Sie können nicht.Ein Drittel der ins KZ verschickten Juden und Sinti sind bereits während des Transports aus Angst vor der Ungewissheit ihres Schicksals und der Aussicht auf das Lagerleben gestorben.
2. DrittelOhne Spiele sind sie nicht bereit dazu!Sie wollen nicht.Das zweite Drittel starb während der KZ-Inhaftierung, weil die Bedingungen dort unerträglich für sie waren.
3. DrittelMit nur wenig BROT und SPIELENhalten sie durch.
__________________
Wenn der Tipping Point erreicht ist, geschieht die Wandlung.
Das letzte Drittel entkam auf wundersame Weise beziehungsweise es überlebte die Torturen der persönlichen Entmachtung bis zur Befreiung durch alliierte Truppen. Die Befreiten oder Freigewordenen verdankten dies ihrer geistig-seelischen Stärke, ihrem unerschütterlichen Vertrauen in ihr Schicksal und ihrer körperlichen Disziplin.[*]
[*] Beachte: 2/3:1/3-Verhältnis in der apokalyptischen Offenbarung (NT)
Ein Drittel der Menschheit besteht die "Tage der Trübsal".

 

  • Aaron Antonovsky wertete 1970 eine Erhebung über die Anpassungsfähigkeit von Frauen verschiedener ethnischer Gruppen an die Menopause aus. Eine Gruppe war 1939 zwischen 16 und 25 Jahre alt gewesen und hatte sich zu dieser Zeit in einem nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager befunden. Ihr psychischer und körperlicher Gesundheitszustand wurde mit der einer Kontrollgruppe verglichen. Der Anteil der in ihrer Gesundheit nicht beeinträchtigten Frauen betrug in der Kontrollgruppe 51%, im Vergleich zu 29% der KZ-Überlebenden. Nicht der Unterschied an sich, sondern die Tatsache, dass in der Gruppe der KZ-Überlebenden 29% der Frauen trotz der unvorstellbaren Qualen eines Lagerlebens mit anschließendem Flüchtlingsdasein als (körperlich und psychisch) 'gesund' beurteilt wurden, war für ihn ein unerwartetes Ergebnis. Wikipedia-Eintrag zum Stichwort Salutogenese
Siehe auch:
Krebsheilung – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis
Verteilungsrate von Denken und Fühlen bei den Geschlechtern
Statistik zum Thema Tod in Deutschland – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis

Jasmuheen trug bisher dem hohen Anteil der LNP-Kandidaten wenig Rechnung, die sich im Falle einer maximalen Krisensituation, lieber im übertragenen Sinn zu Tode fallen (wie der Wolf im Märchen) als sich der eigenen Gewissenslast, den toxischen Steinen im Bauch, zu stellen.

 

Bis um die Jahrtausendwende haben schätzungsweise 5000-6000 Menschen im deutschsprachigen Raum den Lichtnahrungs-Prozess durchlaufen, während es weltweit etwa 8000-9000 sind. Vorläufige statistische Werte über die Befindlichkeit der Pranieranwärter während des 21-Tage-Prozesses besagen:

  • 20 Prozent leiden extrem,
  • 70 Prozent schaffen es leidlich und
  • 10 Prozent fliegen dabei. Dies war Jasmuheens Erfahrung, allerdings nur bei ihrem ersten LN-Prozess im Jahr 1993.
    Nur 2 Prozent der Lichtesser behalten die Praxis des Nichtessens langfristig (länger als einige Monate) bei.

Krebsheilung – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis

Zwanghaft wachstumsorientierte Krebszellen tragen nicht wie gesunde Zellen zum Gesamtwohl des Organismus bei. Für ihr unmäßiges Wachstum verbrauchen sie das 32-fache an Energie. Sie geraten in einen energieraubenden Strudel des Eigennutzes.

 


Duktales Karzinom in situ

Bei erfolgender Heilung einer Krebserkrankung werden etwa zwei Drittel der nicht wandlungsfähigen entarteten Zellen als ausgefällter Eiweißstoff vom Körper verbraucht beziehungsweise ausgeschieden. Bei einem Drittel der Krebszellen gelingt der Prozess der Umbildung. Bis zu 57 Wandlungsstufen auf der Zellebene sind zu durchlaufen, damit Krebszellen schließlich wieder – wie gesunde Zellen – in die Lage zu kommen, die Botschaft des innewohnenden Gencodes vollständig zu entschlüsseln und in kopierter Form bei Zellteilungen getreu weiterzugeben.

Während dieses Genesungsprozesses erhöht sich der Lichtquotient der ehemals kranken Zellen beträchtlich.

Dieses Beispiel auf Zellebene lässt sich ebenfalls auf gestörte Individuen sowie pathologische gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse übertragen. Prophezeiungen sprechen davon, dass zwei Drittel der Weltbevölkerung den Prozess der globalen Transformation nicht schaffen werden, wohingegen ein Drittel ihn bewältigen wird.

Siehe auch:
Resilienz – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis
Verteilungsrate von Denken und Fühlen bei den Geschlechtern
Statistik zum Thema Tod in Deutschland – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis

 

Dieses Beispiel auf Zellebene lässt sich ebenfalls auf gestörte Individuen sowie pathologische gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse übertragen. Prophezeiungen sprechen davon, dass zwei Drittel der Weltbevölkerung den Prozess der globalen Transformation nicht schaffen werden, wohingegen ein Drittel ihn bewältigen wird.

Statistik zum Thema Tod in Deutschland – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis

Gut zwei Drittel Deutsche fliehen den Tod, während drei Fünftel der Deutschen glauben, dass es kein Weiterleben nach dem Tod gibt.
Der Pressemitteilung zur Studie "Spiritualität in Deutschland" der Identity Foundation in Düsseldorf, April 2007, ist zu entnehmen, wie Deutsche mit dem Tod umgehen. Im März 2006 wurden 1.000 Interviewpartner auch zu ihrem Verhältnis zum Tod befragt:

68,4% sagen: Über den Tod soll man nicht nachdenken.
60,7% glauben:Mit dem Tod ist alles aus.
31,1% denkenöfters über den Tod nach.
26,6% fühlen sich gestärkt durch ihren Glauben, der sie den Tod nicht fürchten lässt.

 

Laut einer Umfrage [in den Vereinigten Staaten] aus dem Jahre 2001 glauben zwei Drittel der "keine"[Konfession]-Anhänger an Gott, über ein Drittel betrachtet sich selbst als religiös und kauft eine Menge Bücher über Spiritualität. Wenn man die steigende Zahl der Menschen betrachtet, die spirituelle Erfahrungen haben, und den Rückgang derer, die sich einer der traditionellen Religionen zugehörig fühlen, dann ist es sehr wahrscheinlich, dass viele von denen, die heutzutage mystische Erfahrungen haben, auf einem eigenen unorthodoxen Weg dahin finden. Interview mit Roland Benedikter (*1965) Südtiroler europäischer Stiftungsprofessor für Soziologie, Politikwissenschaftler, Autor zu Themen der Kulturanalyse und Gesellschaftsentwicklung, Spirituell aber nicht religiös. Jenseits der postmodernen Spiritualität, präsentiert von dem deutschen Magazin Was ist Erleuchtung?, Elizabeth Debold, Ed.D., US-amerikanische Genderforscherin, Lehrerin, Chefredakteurin des aufgelösten Magazins WIE / EnlightenNext (2002-2011), Kulturkommentatorin, Autorin, Ausgabe 19, ~2005/2006

Verteilungsrate von Denken und Fühlen bei den Geschlechtern

Das Verhältnis von Fühlen und Denken bei Männer und Frauen
GeschlechtFühlenDenkenGesellschaftliche Anerkennung
Mainstream-Orientierung
Vorurteil
Frauen – FühlenZwei DrittelEin DrittelJA./.
Frauen – DenkenEin DrittelZwei DrittelNEINMannweib
Männer – DenkenEin DrittelZwei DrittelJA./.
Männer – FühlenZwei DrittelEin DrittelNEINWeichling

 

  • Zwar verteilt sich hier das Ergebnis recht gleichmäßig, Forscher fanden jedoch heraus, dass zwei Drittel der Männer Denkende und zwei Drittel der Frauen Fühlende sind. Das klingt nach Stereotypen, doch erinnern wir uns, dass Fühlen und Denken von Anhängern der Jungschen Theorie gleichermaßen geschätzt werden, ein Drittel der Männer sind Fühlende und ein Drittel der Frauen sind Denkende. Es bleibt darauf hinzuweisen, dass die Gesellschaft Denken und Fühlen anders bewertet, so dass fühlende Männer und denkende Frauen oftmals Schwierigkeiten im Umgang mit den stereotypierten Erwartungen der Menschen haben können. C. George Boeree, Ph.D. (*1952) niederländisch-US-amerikanischer Professor für Psychologie i.R., Shippensburg University, CARL JUNG 1875-1961, Persönlichkeitstheorien, Copyright 1997, 2006

Zitate zum Thema Soziologie / Sociology

Zitate allgemein

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Minderheiten sind meist Vorreiter der Wahrheit.

  • Die Wahrheit ist immer in der Minderheit. Und die Minderheit ist immer stärker als die Mehrheit, weil sich im Allgemeinen jene in der Minderheit befinden, die wirklich eine Haltung einnehmen, wohingegen die Stärke einer Mehrheit Täuschung ist. Sie bildet sich aus Gruppierungen, die keine Meinung vertreten – und deshalb, sobald es offenbar wird, dass die Minderheit stärker ist, augenblicklich deren Auffassung übernehmen [...]. Währenddessen gesellt sich die Wahrheit wiederum zu einer neuen Minderheit. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) dänischer Philosoph, Theologe, Schriftsteller, 1849

 

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Wanderanekdote des Sozialgefälles

Dieser Ausspruch wurde bereits der ersten Frau von Ludwig XIV. vorgeworfen, später der französischen Königin Marie Antoinette. Er stammt nachweislich nicht von ihr.

  • Wenn sie kein Brot haben, dann sollen sie Brioche [Kuchen] essen. Um 1766
    Endlich erinnerte ich mich des Notbehelfs einer großen Prinzessin, der man sagte, die Bauern hätten kein Brot, und die antwortete: Dann sollen sie Brioche essen! Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Schweizer-französischer Aufklärer, Wegbereiter der Französischen Revolution, Kulturphilosoph, Pädagoge, Naturforscher, Schriftsteller, Autobiografie Die Bekenntnisse, 6. Buch, vollendet 1770, veröffentlicht 1782, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag (dtv), 1. Mai 2012

 

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Hinweis:

Bangladesch gehört mit einem Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Kopf im Jahr 2007 von ungefähr 490 US Dollar zu den ärmeren Ländern der Welt.

  • Frage: Wer hat größere Chancen das 65. Lebensjahr zu erreichen? Männliche Schwarze aus Harlem oder männliche Einwohner von Bangladesch?
    Antwort: Die Einwohner Bangladeschs werden eher 65 als die schwarzen Männer in Harlem. Und das, obwohl dieses Land doch um einiges ärmer ist als die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, die 2007 immerhin über ein rund 91-faches Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) pro Kopf von 44.594 US Dollar verfügten. Andreas Zeuch, "Gleichheit ist Glück" – eine gesellschaftsverändernde Analyse, 19. Juli 2010, Referenz zu: Richard Wilkinson (*1943) britischer Sozialepidemiologe, emeritierter Professor, Gesundheitswissenschaftler, Universität von Nottingham, Prof. Kate Pickett (*1965) britische Professorin für Sozialepidemiologie, Universität York, Mitautorin, Gleichheit ist Glück. Warum gerechte Gesellschaften für alle besser sind, Tolkemitt bei Zweitausendeins, 3. Auflage Dezember 2009

 

 

  • Konflikt zwischen den unterschiedlichen Ebenen der Energiefelder beeinflusst die daraus resultierenden Klassenkämpfen und die Zusammenstöße in der Gesellschaft mit all ihren politischen Standpunkten. […] Auf den höheren Ebenen werden Konflikte durch Verständnis, Mitgefühl und Erkenntnis gelöst, während sie auf den niedrigeren Ebenen zu Streit, Verfolgung und Krieg führen. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Das All-Sehende Auge, Kapitel 5, S. 129, 2005

 

 

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Narren und Emporkömmlinge vs. Verräter (Psychopathen/Soziopathen)

  • Eine Nation kann ihre Narren überleben – und sogar ihre ehrgeizigsten Bürger. Aber sie kann nicht den Verrat von innen überleben. Ein Feind vor den Toren ist weniger gefährlich, denn er ist bekannt und trägt seine Fahnen für jedermann sichtbar. Aber der Verräter bewegt sich frei innerhalb der Stadtmauern, sein hinterhältiges Flüstern raschelt durch alle Gassen und wird selbst in den Hallen der Regierung vernommen. Denn der Verräter tritt nicht als solcher in Erscheinung: Er spricht in vertrauter Sprache, er hat ein vertrautes Gesicht, er benutzt vertraute Argumente, und er appelliert an die Gemeinheit, die tief verborgenen in den Herzen aller Menschen ruht. Er arbeitet darauf hin, dass die Seele einer Nation verfault. Er treibt sein Unwesen des Nächtens – heimlich und anonym – bis die Säulen der Nation untergraben sind. Er infiziert den politischen Körper der Nation dergestalt, bis dieser seine Abwehrkräfte verloren hat. Fürchtet nicht so sehr den Mörder. Fürchtet den Verräter. Er ist die wahre Pest! Erfundenes Cicero-Zitat von Millard F. Caldwell (1897-1984) US-amerikanischer Politiker, 29. Gouverneur von Florida (1945-1949), Oberster Richter von Florida, Cicero's Prognosis, präsentiert anlässlich des 22. Jahrestreffens der Association of American Physicians and Surgeons, Inc., Columbus, Ohio, 7.-9. Oktober 1965, Neudruck März 1996

 

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Ethik des [Steuern] Ein-Nehmens und Gebens

These: Steuern zu entrichten, ist eine versäumte Chance thymotischer Genugtuung.

  • Wir leben in einer psychopolitisch falsch konstruierten Wirklichkeit. [Minute 0:28:38]
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Fokus auf Geld oder Herz:

Peter Kruse: Wir haben seit dem Mittelalter keine Fiskalphilosophie. [Minute 0:27:44]
Mittelalterlicher fiskalischer Lehrsatz: Wo der Fikus [Reichsschatulle] ist, dort liegt das Reich [Befehlsvollmacht]. [Ubi fiscus ibi imperium. ]
Jesus Christus: Wo dein Schatz ist, da wird auch dein Herz sein. Matthäus 6, 21 (NT)

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Das griechische Wort *Thymos bedeutet:

Lebenskraft, Gemütsanlage, das emotionale sterbliche Bedürfnis nach Anerkennung. (Thymos)

  • Wir können keine partizipative Demokratie leisten, weil wir den Bürger in seinem thymotischen Zentrum* nicht ernst nehmen. [Minute 0:43:08]
    Der Staat ist heute eine Maschine zur Zerstörung von Bürgerstolz. Der Bürger wird vom Staat wie ein [obendrein verdächtigter] Schuldner behandelt. [Minute 0:43:08]
  • Das Steuernzahlen ist eine chronisch gewordene automatisierte Geberleistung von Individuuen in Bezug auf das Gemeinwesen. [Minute 0:43:08]
  • Solange der Steuerzahler nur ein Steuerdulder ist, ist er kein Bürger. [Minute 0:29:44]
  • Alle Steuerzahler direkter Steuern sollen über die Grundlagen ihres Verkehrs mit dem Gemeinwesen neu nachdenken. [Minute 0:27:44]
  • Wir müssen die Steuer als Gabe denken. Es geht um den Unterschied innerhalb des Ganzen. [Minute 0:28:38]
Video TV Interview mit Peter Sloterdijk (*1947) deutscher Kulturwissenschaftler, Professor für Philosophie, Universität Karlsruhe, Fernsehmoderator, Essayist, Vision der gebenden Hand – Die neue soziale Frage, präsentiert vom Schweizer TV-Kanal SF, Sendung Sternstunde Philosophie, Gastgeberin Katja Gentinetta, Sendetermin 20. März 2011, YouTube Film, 1:00:59 Dauer, eingestellt 10. April 2011

General quotes

Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life , and those who find it are few. Matthew 7, 13-14 (NT)

 

Personal avowals

  • One might not believe one is a certain way, but social influence is very strong. I discovered that racism [sexism, etc.] can be ingrained in you even though you don't want it to be. Audio interview with Annette Jahnel (*1962) South African photographer, artist, world traveller offering the project "Searching for Galileo", public speaker, author, Interview With Author Annette Jahnel, presented by US American radio station Voice of Vashon, Vashon Island, Washington, program on Prose, Poetry & Purpose, host March Twisdale, minute 2:02, 1:02:20 duration, recorded summer 2014, posted 5. October 2014

 

Conclusion – from things to persons

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Shifting from things to persons

Speech delivered to the clergy and laymen concerned about the Vietnam war

  • We must rapidly begin the shift from a "thing-oriented" society to a "person-oriented" society. When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplet of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered. Excerpted from a speech by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) US American clergyman, activist, leader of the African American civil rights movement, Beyond Vietnam, Riverside Church, New York City, 4. April 1967

 

Neoliberal individualized ideology

  • There is no such thing as society. There are individual men and women, and there are families. And no government can do anything except through people, and people must look to themselves first. Interview with Margret Thatcher (1925-2013) British stateswoman and politician, prime minister of the United Kingdom (1979-1990), leader of the Conservative Party (1975-1990), 23. September 1987, cited in: Douglas Keay, Woman's Own, S. 8-10, 31. October 1987

 

Conclusion – from democracy to inverted totalitarianism

  • We are living in a time of Inverted Totalitarianism, in which the tools used to maintain the status quo are much more subtle and technologically advanced. These include propaganda and major media outlets that hide the real news about conditions at home and our activities around the world behind distractions […].
    Another tool is to create insecurity in the population so that people are unwilling to speak out and take risks for fear of losing their jobs and being unable to afford food, a home and health care. Changes in the work environment, such as the attack on unions and the war on whistleblowers, have led to greater  job insecurity. Changes in college education also silence dissent, including the trend toward adjunct rather than tenured professors. Adjunct professors, now comprising 85 percent of faculty, are less willing to teach topics that are viewed as controversial. This, combined with massive student debt, are tools to silence the student population, once the center of transformative action. Article Lifting the Veil of Mirage Democracy in the United States, presented by nonprofit, progressive US American daily online newsletter Truthout, Margaret Flowers, Kevin Zeese, February 2013

 

Warning – Future outlook

 

Insights

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Roman empire and Western civilized materialistic capitalist society

Status 1948

  • It is true that the materialistic society, the so-called culture that has evolved under the tender mercies of capitalism, has produced what seems to be the ultimate limit of this worldliness. And nowhere, except perhaps in the analogous society of pagan Rome, has there ever been such a flowering of cheap and petty and disgusting lusts and vanities as in the world of capitalism, where there is no evil that is not fostered and encouraged for the sake of making money. We live in a society whose whole policy is to excite every nerve in the human body and keep it at the highest pitch of artificial tension, to strain every human desire to the limit and to create as many new desires and synthetic passions as possible, in order to cater to them with the products of our factories and printing presses and movie studios and all the rest. Thomas Merton (1915-1968) Anglo-American Catholic Trappist monk, mystic student of comparative religion, social activist, poet, writer, autobiography The Seven Storey Mountain, Harcourt Brace, 11. October 1948
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"Civilization." What does it mean?

  • It means a society based upon the opinion of civilians. It means that violence, the rule of warriors and despotic chiefs, the conditions of camps and warfare, of riot and tyranny, give place to parliaments where laws are made, and independent courts of justice in which over long periods those laws are maintained. That is Civilization – and in its soil grow continually freedom, comfort and culture. When Civilization reigns, in any country, a wider and less harassed life is afforded to the masses of the people. The traditions of the past are cherished, and the inheritance bequeathed to us by former wise or valiant men becomes a rich estate to be enjoyed and used by all.
    The central principle of Civilization is the subordination of the ruling authority to the settled customs of the people and to their will as expressed through the Constitution. […] 
    Civilization will not last, freedom will not survive, peace will not be kept, unless a very large majority of mankind unite together to defend them and show themselves possessed of a constabulary power before which barbaric and atavistic forces will stand in awe. Winston S. Churchill (1874-1965) British prime minister of the United Kingdom during the 2nd World War (1940-1945) and (1951-1955), Civilization, chancellor’s address, University of Bristol, 2. July 1938; cited in: Blood, Sweat, and Tears by Randolph S. Churchill, editor, S. 45-46, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1941

 

  • The woman [one] who follows the crowd will usually go no further than the crowd. The woman [one] who walks alone is likely to find herself in places no one has ever been before. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) German-born US American theoretical physicist, developer of the theory of general relativity, Nobel laureate in physics

 

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Introducing social wealth indicators taking the status of women into account

  • Did you know that this wealthy United States now has
    ➤ the highest infant mortality rates,
    ➤ the highest maternal mortality rates,
    ➤ the highest child poverty rates
of any developed nation? And of course that does not show up in GDP. […]
A research study at the Center for Partnership Studies compared statistical measures of 89 nations […] and found that the status of women can be a much better predictor of general quality of life and longterm economic success than GDP. Video presentation by Riane Eisler, Ph.D., J.D. (*~1937) Austrian-born US American scholar, macrohistorian, social scientist, activist, attorney, partnership researcher, writer, Building A Caring Economy, presented by TEDx Santa Cruz, California, recorded June 2011, YouTube film, minute 1:37 and minute 10:15, 23:54 minutes duration, posted 7. September 2011

 

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Micheal, a 10 year old boy, had inquired in a letter as to whether Fuller was a "doer" or a "thinker".

  • The things to do are: the things that need doing: that you see need to be done, and that no one else seems to see need to be done. Then you will conceive your own way of doing that which needs to be done – that no one else has told you to do or how to do it. This will bring out the real you that often gets buried inside a character that has acquired a superficial array of behaviors induced or imposed by others on the individual. Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) US American engineer, systems theorist, architect, constructor, designer, inventor, futurist, philosopher, author, letter to "Micheal", 16. February 1970

 

  • It is evidenced that throughout all earlier times until yesterday, the ruling social powers assumed the human masses to be universally ignorant and accredited them with having only muscle and dexterity value. Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) US American engineer, systems theorist, architect, constructor, designer, inventor, futurist, philosopher, author, Critical Path, S. 108, St Martins Press, 1981

 

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Need to share one's gifts

  • Whether they are raised in indigenous or modern culture, there are two things that people crave:
    1. the full realization of their innate gifts,
    2. and to have these gifts approved, acknowledged, and confirmed.
There are countless people in the West whose efforts are sadly wasted because they have no means of expressing their unique genius. In the psyches of such people there is an inner power and authority that fails to shine because the world around them is blind to it. Dr. Malidoma Patrice Somé (*1956) West African Burkina Faso born, American based psychologist, medicine man, author,  The Healing Wisdom of Africa. Finding Life Purpose Through Nature, Ritual, and Community, TarcherPerigee, 13. September 1999

 

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Creative nonconformity:

  • This hour in history needs a dedicated circle of transformed nonconformists. Dangerous passions of pride, hatred and selfishness are enthroned in our lives; truth lies prostrate on the rugged hills of nameless Cavalries. The saving of our world from pending doom will come, not through the complacent adjustment of the conforming majority, but through the creative maladjustment of a nonconforming minority. Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) US American Baptist minister, activist, leader of the African American civil rights movement, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, 1964, On Nonconformity, 1963

 

  • Only after the victory of humanism and the Enlightenment as the religious foundation of the Western society did anxiety about spiritual nonbeing become dominant. The breakdown of absolutism, the development of liberalism and democracy, the rise of a technical civilization with its victory over all enemies and its own beginning disintegration — these are the presuppositions for the third main period of anxiety in history [the post/modern era]. In this period the anxiety of emptiness and meaninglessness is dominant. We are under the threat of spiritual non-being. Paul Tillich (1886-1965) German US American theologian, Christian existentialist philosopher, The Courage to Be, 1952, Yale University, New Haven, 2nd edition 2002

 

  • Most often in history it was the conquerors who learned willingly from the conquered. Eric Hoffer (1902-1983) US American longshoreman philosopher, social writer, The Ordeal of Change, 1963, Hopewell Publications, 6. June 2006

 

  • Susan Sontag (1933-2004) [...] did get off one sound bite in an interview on television, which was to me a stunning sermon in and of itself. She was asked what she had learned from the Holocaust, and she said that
    • 10 percent of any population is cruel, no matter what, and that
    • 10 percent is merciful, no matter what, and that
    • the remaining 80 percent could be moved in either direction.
Article by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (1922-2007) US American humanist, artist, WWII veteran, influential writer of the 20th century, Susan Sontag and Arthur Miller, presented by US American politically progressive/democratic socialist monthly magazine In These Times, 3. March 2005

 

  • Sociology is the study of the way in which human beings are shaped by things that they don't see. Video presentation by Sam Richards, US American sociologist, iconoclast, one of the "101 Most Dangerous Academics in America", A radical experiment in empathy, presented by TED Talks, minute 0:16, 18:07 minutes duration, filmed October 2010, posted April 2011

 

  • Why do the Christian nations, which were so weak in the past compared with Muslim nations begin to dominate so many lands in modern times and even defeat the once victorious Ottoman armies? […]
    Because they have laws and rules invented by reason. Ibrahim Muteferrika (1674-1745) Transylvanian-born Ottoman diplomat, polymath: historian, historiographer, Islamic scholar and theologian, sociologist, economist, courtier, astronomer, man of letters, printer, publisher, Rational Basis for the Politics of Nations, 1731

 

  • China seems to have been long stationary, and had probably long ago acquired that full complement of riches which is consistent with the nature of its laws and institutions. But this complement may be much inferior to what, with other laws and institutions, the nature of its soil, climate, and situation might admit of. A country which neglects or despises foreign commerce, and which admits the vessels of foreign nations into one or two of its ports only, cannot transact the same quantity of business which it might do with different laws and institutions. Adam Smith (1723-1790) Scottish US American social and moral philosopher, pioneer of classical political economic theory, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, initiating classical economics, book 1, chapter 9 Of the Profits of Stock, 1776

 

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For his criticism of the "malefactors of great wealth" T. Roosevelt was deemed "insane".

Roosevelt mused on "the right kind of a civilization".

 

  • No movement really lasts unless it lasts for a hundred years. Gerda Lerner (1920-2013) Austrian US American professor emeritus of history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, pioneer of women's history, teacher, author

 

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US American materialism, culture, and counterculture

  • Culture is a concept that the anthropologists came up with about hundred years ago. […] Culture is a system of values and beliefs that define a people. […] Culture is like a hypnosis in a way. […] Culture is a very powerful concept because it goes so much deeper than politics. Politics sort of floats on the surface of a culture. The cultural values underneath are really what moves society. […]
    What interests me is what the Republicans and the Democrats have in common, and what the atheists and the born-agains have in common? […] What unites them is that they're part of the American culture that is based on materialism. There are Jewish materialists, Christian materialists, Republican materialists, Democratic materialists, atheist materialists. But at the heart of our [US American] culture is materialism [and narcissism]. And this is encouraged by our corporations through the powerful educational force of corporate advertising. […]
    For me this culture is not about creating freedom, it's about creating addiction, addiction to shopping in its broadest level. […] Our culture tends to be narcissistic in a way. We want things and we want to take them from the world and we want to think of ourselves as very saintly. Audio interview with Gerald Rosen, Ph.D. (1939-2010) US American professor of English literature, educator, novelist, America – An Insider’s View, presented by the US American web radio station New Dimensions, program #3328, host Michael Toms, 56:59 minutes duration, aired 6. November 2009

 

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10,000-hour rule of practice to mastery

  • No one – not rock stars, not professional athletes, not software billionaires and not even geniuses – ever makes it alone. […] 
    What's really interesting about this 10,000-hour rule is that it applies virtually everywhere. You can't become a chess grand master unless you spend 10,000 hours on practice. The tennis prodigy who starts playing at six is playing in Wimbledon at 16 or 17 [like] Boris Becker. The classical musician who starts playing the violin at four is debuting at Carnegie Hall at 15 or so. Malcolm Gladwell, CM (*1963) Canadian historian, sociologist, civil engineering professor emeritus, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, business consultant, speaker, journalist, staff writer with magazine The New Yorker since 1996, author, Outliers The Story of Success, Little, Brown and Company, 1st edition 18. November 2008

 

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Importance of stubbornness and collaboration in problem-solving vs. rare to find genius

  • If quantity really matters more than quality, the only way you solve problems is if you have 13 smart people instead of one really, really smart person. Video presentation by Malcolm Gladwell, CM (*1963) Canadian historian, sociologist, civil engineering professor emeritus, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, business consultant, speaker, journalist, staff writer with magazine New Yorker, since 1996, author, Genius: 2012, location 2012: Stories from the Near Future conference, sponsored by the US American magazine The New Yorker, introduced by David Remnick, host Henry Finder, minute 52:42, 27:37 minutes duration, aired 7. May 2007

 

  • In the United States the more opulent citizens take great care not to stand aloof from the people. On the contrary, they constantly keep on easy terms with the lower classes: They listen to them, they speak to them every day. They know that the rich in democracies always stand in need of the poor. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) French historian, political thinker, publicist, author, Democracy in America Volume II, S. 212, 1840

 

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The impact of the Internet on society

  • We have on the one hand a lot of subcultures and you have quite a trivial surface culture. What will happen on the Internet is something like a basic culture and a lot of highly complex subcultures. Video interview with Peter Kruse, Ph.D. (1955-2015) German psychologist, expert on complexity processing in intelligent networks, CEO of Nextpractice, The Network is Challenging Us, presented by Mefeedia, minute 10:42, 26:50 minutes duration, 31. March 2010

 

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Peak Child reached in 1990

The global percentage of children at age <5 was 15% in the 1960s, and was under 7% in 2012, and is further declining. The total annual births peaked at ~138 million in the late 1980s and remained essentially constant since then – at 135 million (2011) , and will soon be declining. The fraction of global population <18 was 27% (2012) and will only go downward year after year. Birth rates are dropping precipitously almost everywhere, whereas the average lifespans lenghten a bit every year. In March 2011 the world population transcended the rate of 7 billion humans. It is projected to reach 8 billion by 2025. In 2012 the United Nations prognosticated 9 billion by 2050, and 10 billion by 2100.

  • We have reached peak child. The number of children is not growing any longer in the world. We are still debating peak oil, but we have definitely reached peak child. And the world population will stop growing. The United Nations Population Division has said it will stop growing at 10 billion. Religion has very little to do with the number of babies per woman. All the religions in the world are fully capable to maintain their values and adapt to this new world. And we will be just 10 billion in this world, if the poorest people get out of poverty, their children survive, they get access to family planning. That is needed. But it's inevitable that we will be two to three billion more. Video presentation by Hans Rosling, M.D., Ph.D. (1948-2017) Swedish professor of global health, medical doctor, statistician, data visionary, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, public speaker, Religions and babies, transcript, presented by TEDxSummit 2012, Doha, Qatar, minute 10:14, 12:13 and 12:27, 13:20 minutes duration, filmed April 2012, posted May 2012

 

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According to the UNDP Human Development Report, ~663 million people moved above the world's absolute poverty level between 1990 and 2010. The poverty rate was halved from 43% to 21%. The World Bank estimated 1.29 billion people (~400 million people in India and 173 million people in China) were living in absolute poverty in 2008.

FAO – The State of Food Insecurity in the World – 2012
Dan Pallotta: "In the United States, poverty has been stuck at 12% for the last 40 years." 1. March 2013

  • [T]he historic trend is this. The number of people living in back-breaking, soul-crushing extreme poverty has declined from
    ➢ 43 percent of the world's population in 1990 to 33 percent by 2000
    ➢ and then to 21 percent by 2010. Give it up for that. (Applause) Halved. Halved.
Now, the rate is still too high – still too many people unnecessarily losing their lives. There's still work to do. But it's heart-stopping. It's mind-blowing stuff. And if you live on less than $1.25 a day, if you live in that kind of poverty, this is not just data. Video presentation by Bono [Paul David Hewson] (*1960) Irish singer (rock band U2), musician, venture capitalist, humanitarian, The good news on poverty (Yes, there's good news), presented by TED2013 Talks, 13:57 minutes duration, filmed February 2013, posted March 2013

 

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US America is seized by and stuck in pious Puritan fanatical capitalist beliefs.

Puritan constraints and double standard of US charities: Nonprofits are rewarded for frugality (little spending) – not for their accomplishments (morality).
Dan Pallotta: "In the United States, poverty has been stuck at 12% for the last 40 years." "Let's change the way we think about changing the world." 1. March 2013

  • From 1970 to 2009, the number of nonprofits that really grew, that crossed the $50 million annual revenue barrier, is 144. In the same time, the number of for-profits that crossed it is 46,136. So we're dealing with social problems that are massive in scale, and our organizations can't generate any scale. All of the scale goes to Coca-Cola and Burger King.
    So why do we think this way? Well, like most fanatical dogma in America, these ideas come from old Puritan beliefs. The Puritans came here for religious reasons, or so they said, but they also came here because they wanted to make a lot of money. They were pious people but they were also really aggressive capitalists, and they were accused of extreme forms of profit-making tendencies compared to the other colonists. But at the same time, the Puritans were Calvinists, so they were taught literally to hate themselves. They were taught that self-interest was a raging sea that was a sure path to eternal damnation. [...]
    Well, charity became their answer. It became this economic sanctuary where they could do penance for their profit-making tendencies at five cents on the dollar. So of course, how could you make money in charity if charity was your penance for making money? Financial incentive was exiled from the realm of helping others so that it could thrive in the area of making money for yourself, and in 400 years, nothing has intervened to say, "That's counterproductive and that's unfair." Video presentation by Dan Pallotta, US American activist, fundraiser, The way we think about charity is dead wrong, presented by TED2013 Talks, 18:55 minutes duration, filmed March 2013, posted March 2013

 

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Two thirds of the US Americans favor prosperity over fairness.

  • If you accept the [existing economic orthodox] paradigm [social] inequality is a feature of prosperity then the best argument you can make against inequality is to say that it is mean, it is unfair. The problem is that Americans rightly prefer by a 2:1 margin prosperity over fairness. The problem with inequality is that it destroys growth. If the average person doesn't have any money to spend any more the virtuous cycle of increasing sales and hiring and prosperity dies and you end up in that death spiral of decreasing consumption that characterizes our economy today. Video interview with Nick Hanauer nick-hanauer.com, US American multi-millionaire entrepreneur, venture capitalist, author, Charlie Rose Part 3: Eric Liu and Nick Hanauer about their new book "The Gardens of Democracy"., part 3 of 3, presented by the US American TV station PBS, interview show Charlie Rose, host Charlie Rose, Bloomberg, 28. April 2012, YouTube film, minute 5:52, 7:46 minutes duration, posted 27. April 2012

 

  • Health is not an individual dynamic, but very much a product of the social and economic environment. Medicine thinks illness is an individual problem with individual solutions. It's organized insanity for the medical profession to ignore those links. The biggest predictor of health or lack thereof is actually social status. The socioeconomic system doesn't support a healthy childhood and we try to medicate kids' brains. It's not just money; it's the degree of control over our lives. Gabor Maté, M.D. drgabormate.com (*1944) Hungarian-Canadian addiction expert, talk at St. Andrew's-Wesley United Church, Vancouver, 27. November 2011; cited in: Article Gabor Maté: 'Organized insanity' for doctors to ignore health, poverty link. Can social inequity cause sickness? Vancouver's Dr. Gabor Maté thinks so., presented by Vancouver Observer, 29. November 2011

 

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Individualism vs. collectivism

Narcissism vs. totalitarianism

  • [I]ndividualism is very good for the immune system because the individual is allowed to be praised in a job or to [just] be praised. [T]he US is a very individualistic country as opposed to Japan, which is a very collectivist country.
    In Japan, you have to say, in essence, "I'm nothing without my group." That’s not good for the immune system. You have to disown whatever action you took and give it to your group.
    When shaming occurs in the US, you feel ashamed because of something you did. In Japan or [other] Asian countries, you feel the shame for your group, not for yourself, and it’s even worse because you’re disowning the process. That’s even worse. If you take individualism too far, then it becomes narcissistic. If you take collectivism too far, then it becomes totalitarian. Those are examples of how a culture can actually help or hurt an immune system. Audio Insights at the Edge interview with Mario Martinez, PsyD, Uruguaian clinical neuropsychologist, contemplative psychologist, psycho-neuroimmunologist, author, Empowerment and ‘Navigating the Drift’, MP3, presented by Sounds True, host Tami Simon, minute 55:14 of podcast, 1 hour duration, aired 2. October 2012

 

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Period of ‘global graxxing’

  • The ethical veracity of what we do as a planet now is under scrutiny. We are in a period of ‘global graxxing’, a biological term that, according to Rupert Sheldrake, describes the action of individual bacteria or slime mold or humans, anything coming together as an intelligent community to address a challenge that cannot be resolved alone. Our task is to animate the most desirable story and spiral it forth into the memesphere. Caroline Casey, US American visionary activist astrologer, Coyote Network, MP3, aired 5. January 2012

 

  • A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and he carries his banners openly against the city. But the traitor moves among those within the gates freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself. For the traitor appears no traitor; he speaks in the accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their garments, and he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation; he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of a city; he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to be feared. The traitor is the carrier of the plague. Concept invented by Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC), quote by Millard F. Caldwell (1897-1984) US American politician, 29th governor of Florida (1945-1949), Florida supreme court justice, Cicero's Prognosis, presented at the 22nd annual meeting of the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons, Inc., Columbus, Ohio, 7.-9. October 1965, reprinted March 1996

 

  • Civilization is a stream with banks. The stream is sometimes filled with blood from people killing, stealing, shouting and doing the things historians usually record, while on the banks, unnoticed, people build homes, make love, raise children, sing songs, write poetry and even whittle statues. The story of civili-zation is the story of what happened on the banks. Will Durant (1885-1981) US American historian, philosopher, writer (on behalf of the Rockefeller Foundation), cited in: More History from the Will Durants: Spry Old Team Does It Again, presented by US American magazine LIFE (1883-2000), Jim Hicks, 18. October 1963

 

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Definition of "Inverted totalitarianism"

  • Inverted totalitarianism is a term coined by political philosopher Sheldon Wolin, Ph.D. (1922-2015) in 2003 to describe the emerging form of government of the United States. Wolin believed that the United States is increasingly turning into an illiberal democracy, and uses the term "inverted totalitarianism" to illustrate similarities and differences between the United States governmental system and totalitarian regimes such as Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union. In Days of Destruction. Days of Revolt (2014) by Chris Hedges and Joe Sacco, inverted totalitarianism is described as a system where corporations have corrupted and subverted democracy and where economics trumps politics. In inverted totalitarianism, every natural resource and every living being is commodified and exploited to collapse as the citizenry is lulled and manipulated into surrendering their liberties and their participation in government through excess consumerism and sensationalism. Opening paragraph of Wikipedia entry Inverted totalitarianism, status October 2016

Quotes by David R. Hawkins

⚠ Caveat See Power vs. Truth, January 2013

  • Societal choices, more often than not, are the result of expediency, statistical fallacy, sentiment, political or media pressure, or personal prejudice and vested interest. Crucial decisions affecting the lives of everyone on the planet are made under conditions that virtually guarantee failure. Because societies lack the necessary reality base for formulation of effective problem resolutions, they fall back, over and over, on a resort of force (in its various expressions – such as war, law, taxation, rules, and regulations), which is extremely costly, instead of employing power, which is very economical. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Power vs. Force, S. 27-28, Hay House, February 2002

 

 

  • There's nothing to feel guilty about and nothing to blame. There's no one to hate, but these are those things that are better avoided, and such blind alleys will become increasingly apparent. Everyone has chosen his own level of consciousness, yet nobody could of done otherwise at any given point in time. We can only get "there" from "here." Every leap has to have a platform to originate from. Pain exists to promote evolution; its cumulative effect finally forces us in a new direction, although the mechanism may be very slow. How many times is it necessary to hit bottom before a lesson is learned? Perhaps thousands, which may account for the sheer quantity of human suffering, so vast as to be incomprehensible. Slowly, by inches, does civilization advance. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Power vs. Force. The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior, chapter 7 Everyday Critical Point Analysis, S. 127, Hay House, February 2002

 

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Keeping one’s own counsel

  • Spiritual views are not very popular in society in general. It is not necessary to impose one’s views on others. Proselytizing is best done by example rather than by coercion and lapel grabbing. We influence others by what we are rather than by what we say or have. To express views that are contrary to public opinion may be sociologically praiseworthy, but to do so leads to conflict and enmeshment in the arguments and discord in the world. The pursuit of ‘causes’ is the role of the social and political reformer, which is an activity different from that of the seeker of enlightenment. […] Embroilment in the issues of society is a luxury which the seeker of spiritual enlightenment needs to forego. […] We change the world not by what we say or do but as a consequence of what we have become. Thus, every spiritual aspirant serves the world. Dr. David R. Hawkins, The Eye of the I. From Which Nothing Is Hidden, S. 68-69, 2001

 

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Social reforming via signs and slogans

  • Question: What of social problems?
    Answer: Being a social reformer is an entirely different career from that of seeking enlightenment. It is well to remember that spiritual advancement influences everyone else from within, whereas force tries to change the external only. Surrendering a personal grievance or grudge is more rewarding for all society than marching up and down with provocative signs and slogans. To the spiritually advanced persons, whether other people agree with them or not is immaterial as they no longer need to look outside themselves for validation or agreement. Dr. David R. Hawkins, The Eye of the I. From Which Nothing Is Hidden, chapter 12, S. 198, revised edition 2002

 

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Karma – Akashic Records

The universe notes and records every action and returns it in kind.

  • Question: So what can the spiritual seeker do to be of help to society?
    Answer: To endeavor to evolve spiritually is the greatest gift one can give. It actually uplifts all mankind from within because of the nature of power itself. Power radiates and is shared, whereas force is limited, self-defeating, and evanescent. All society is subliminally and subtly influenced by every kind and loving thought, word, or deed. Every forgiveness is a benefit to everyone. The universe notes and records every action and returns it in kind. Karma is actually the very nature of the universe because of the innate structure and function of the universe itself. In the universe time is measured in eons. Beyond that, it does not even exist at all. Every kindness is therefore forever. Dr. David R. Hawkins, The Eye of the I. From Which Nothing Is Hidden, chapter 13 Explanations, S. 268, revised edition 2002

 

'An idea whose time has come'.
The idea stands for the content, the 'time has come' for the context.
Context as such is comprised of millions of components.
When a critical degree of balance, intensity, and density on a socio-political, economic, geographic level is reached, the idea may be activated into a reality. The activation is not due to 'causation' but resulting from the volition of the populace and the shifting of human proclivities. [Paraphrased.]

Dr. David R. Hawkins, I. Reality and Subjectivity, S. 431-432, 2003

 

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Spiritual and social evolution

 

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Culture war and decline of an adolescent nation

 

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Resolving cultural disparities

 

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Dissolving social programming

Suspending beliefs

  • Safeguards against being programmed by society are
    1. emotional detachment, in which all information is viewed as provisional,
    2. awareness that ordinary mentalization is unable to discern perception from essence, and
    3. knowing that the wolf often hides beneath sheep's clothing.
This suspension of belief is the practical application of the basic dictum to "wear the world like a light garment." To "be in the world but not of it" is a mode of attention that nevertheless still allows spontaneous interaction and function in society. Dr. David R. Hawkins, Reality, Spirituality and Modern Man, S. 158, 2008

 

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Turningpoint 1987-2012-2026:

Leap from self-interest to altruism at the threshold of integrity

  • Life in its beginning is selfish. The core of that life energy is survival. In order to survive it has to get. The core of the ego is to get because it doesn’t have a source of energy within itself. The quality of the ego is primarily self-interest, up to consciousness level 200. At 200 there is a major change from selfishness to altruism. Interview with Dr. David R. Hawkins, Power vs. Force, presented by US magazine In Light Times, Kathryn M. Brinkley, November 2004

 

Quotes by Richard Wilkinson ♦ Kate Pickett ♦ James Gilligan ♦ Thom Hartmann

Personal avowals

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Restoring the sense of DIGNITY

Especially males act violently when faced with disrespect, shame?, or threats to their social status.

  • We are the first generation who got to the end of what material economic growth can do for us. That's an incredible important thing. And we got to the end it at a time when we know that the environmental constraints mean that we should stop doing that. What we have to do now is to refocus from raising material standards to thinking about the social quality of life. The quality of social relations in our society is built on material foundations, on the extent of income differences between us. The intution that people have had that [income] inequality is divisive and socially corrosive is absolutely right. Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D., British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, Address at the Compass 'No Turning Back conference, part 1 of 2, Institute of Education, London, Saturday, 13. June 2009, YouTube film, starting minute 4:29, minute 7:27, 9:45 minutes duration, posted 18. June 2009

 

  • Inequality creates a general social dysfunction [in respect to health, trust, education, social mobility]. People must know this. […]
    Greater income differences increase the pressure to consume. In more unequal countries there is more status competition. It is more important to earn more. Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D., British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, Address at the Compass 'No Turning Back conference, part 2 of 2, Institute of Education, London, Saturday, 13. June 2009, YouTube film, minute 1:41 and minute 2:56, 5:32 minutes duration, posted 18. June 2009

 

  • Capitalism isn't working. […] Status competition leads to destruction of the planet. Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, LEAP conference, Birkbeck College, London, 25. April 2009, YouTube film, posted 7. August 2009

 

  • Obviously we [humans] lived in everthing from the most awful tyrannical dictatorships to the most egalitarian societies. […] Actually for most of (90%) human prehistory we lived in very egalitarian societies with food sharing reciprocities gift sharing and so on. Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, economic historian, Part 3 of 5, LEAP conference, Birkbeck College, London, 25. April 2009, YouTube film, minute 8:16, 9:50 minutes duration, posted 7. August 2009

 

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National US religion:

Consumerism and competitiveness

  • The solution to problems caused by inequality is not mass psychotherapy aimed at making everyone less vulnerable. The best way of responding to the harm done by high levels of inequality would be to reduce inequality itself. Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, economy historian, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, The Spirit Level. Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better, Wikipedia entry, Bloomsbury Press, 22. December 2009

 

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The end of economic growth is reached in wealthy countries.

  • The rich developed countries have reached a turning point in human history. Politics should now be about the quality of social relations and how we can develop harmonious and sustainable societies. Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. equalitytrust.org.uk (*1943) British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, cited in: Epidemiologists find link between social ills and inequality. Review of The Spirit Level: New book uncovers connections between economic disparities and social ills, published in Street Speech August 2010, posted 1 February 2011

 

  • The evidence suggests that in the rich countries [of the world] we've got to the end of the real benefits of economic growth. It no longer drives health or wellbeing or happiness. And the evidence increasingly shows that to improve the real quality of life for us all now we need to reduce the income differences, the class differences, the differences in status, lower the social hierachy in our society. And I think we need to do that not only by raising top tax rates and more generous benefits but more particularly by building greater democracy into our economic institutions and work places.
    I think that the benefit culture was only possible because the people at the top felt they could do just what they liked and didn't have to account to anyone.
    We need to have a vision of the future, not only a more equal society but also of a small sustainable society and work places that are more democratic and so more social in terms of employee owned companies, cooperatives, mutuals, friendly societies, all those more democratic forms which have much smaller pay differences within them. And the evidence increasingly shows they work better than other companies. Video interview with Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. equalitytrust.org.uk (*1943) British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, Cuts and inequality, presented at Unite officers seminar, interviewed by dontbreakbritain.org, YouTube film, minute 0:58, 2:24 minutes duration, posted 26. January 2011

 

  • The result of multi-level models studied by Harvard School of Public Health is: Inequality is a general social pollutant (dysfunction) because its effects go so far up the income scale.' Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, The Spirit Level, part 2 of 3, sponsored by Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, YouTube film, minute 10:42, 13:46 minutes duration, posted 11. March 2011

 

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Timing for the inequality issues is right.

Excess growth and sustainablity of economy are social issues.

  • This [inequality gap research] is not about communism. We are not talking about perfect equality. […] It does look as if there are important advantages to getting at least as equal as countries like Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Japan. […] The idea that there is this sort of opposition between equality and freedom ... Equality used to be an American value. They lost it during the Cold War, because they believed that the Communist countries showed that the price of greater equality was a loss of freedom and freedom of speech and so on. The bonus culture that is a problem now and why our societies have become more unequal in the last few decades is primarily because the richer run away from the rest of us. And that is substantially a reflection of a lack of democracy. Those people at the top feel they don't have to explain themselves, or account for themselves, or to answer to anyone. How we need to deal with it is by extending more democracy, by supporting all forms of economic democracy, whether by mutuals, coops, friendly societies, employee owned companies and so on. The evidence shows that they work better in terms of crude figures of productivity.
    At work it's not only where wealth is created, but it's also where the inequalities are first created. It is also where we are most subject to hierarchy and authority with lion managers and so on. But there is a potential for transforming the experience of work in this. Video interview with Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, 'Waarom gelijkheid beter is voor iedereen, part 2, YouTube film, minute 3:08, 5:32 minutes duration, posted 20. April 2011

 


Close-up of a small red rose
  • The more inequality [in income and status] there is in a society the more superiority and inferiority, status competition and consumerism, status insecurity, social evaluation anxieties (fear of negative judgements) will result from. Video keynote speech by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D., British retired social epidemiologist, University of Nottingham, The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone, presented at conference Marxism 2011. Ideas To Change the World, 30. June-4. July 2011, London, YouTube film, minute 33:44, 44:45 minutes duration, posted 10. August 2011

 

  • The average wellbeing of our societies is not dependent any longer on national income and economic growth. That's very important in poorer countries but not in the rich developed world. But the differences between us and where we in relationship to each other now matter very much. Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, How economic inequality harms societies, presented by TED Talks, YouTube film, minute 5:11, 16:55 minutes duration, posted 24. October 2011

 

 

 

(↓)

Singapore's lowest infant mortality rates in the world are fabricated.

Background information: availed Poorest migrant workers (55%) are not allowed to get married or pregnant. minute 18:06

  • Right wing critics claim that Wilkinson's data are manufactured evidence as if there was nothing wrong with social inequality. [Paraphrased.] Vimeo video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, economy historian, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, erindi á landsfundi, event sponsored by Iceland, October 2011, minute 19:44, 55:41 minutes duration, posted end of October 2011

 

(↓)

Generosity and the concern for all is more pronounced in more equal nations.

  • More equal countries donate more in foreign aid. […]
    More equal societies seem better able to act for the common good.
Video presentation by Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, Big Think Interview With Kate Pickett, presented by Big Think, minute 11:53, 18:57 minutes duration, posted by bigthink 23. April 2012

 

  • If you had the same income or education and lived in a more equal society
    ➢ you'd probably live a little bit longer.
    ➢ You'd be less likely to become a victim of violence.
    ➢ Your children might do a bit better at school.
    ➢ They'd be less likely to become involved in drugs or
    ➢ to become teenage parents.
In terms of the really important measures of human wellbeing greater equality is good for us all. Economic growth no longer drives
➢ improvement in life expectancy
➢ or measures of wellbeing
➢ or happiness.
What does make a difference to all of us is the quality of social relationships.
What the data shows us is that we can improve the quality of human relationships in whole societies by reducing the scale of income differences.
Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, The Spirit Level, presented by Auckland Communities Foundation, minute 11:00, 12:14 minutes duration, posted 18. June 2012

 

  • The most powerful source of stress for humans is the possibility of being judged negatively by others. Video interview with Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, Does Anxiety Shape Society?, presented by Big Think, 3:57 minutes duration, posted 24. March 2010

 

  • Three Things Economics Can’t Solve (minute 3:19)
    Can an Unequal Society Become Sustainable? (minute 5:47)
    Anxiety Shape Society? (minute 3:56)
    Inequality Is Bad for Your Health (minute 3:39)
    Video presentation/interview with Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, The  need greater equality, presented by Think Big, 18:57 minutes duration, aired 28. January 2010


 

(↓)

References to the book Spirit level, compilation of 50 years of collected census data:

Biritish social epidemiologist Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D., Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965), The Spirit Level. Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better, Bloomsbury Press, 22. December 2009

(↓)

The deadliest form of violence is poverty. Mahatma Gandhi

  • Poverty is not the symptom. Poverty is the symptom of the problem. The problem is [social] inequality. Video presentation by Thom Hartmann thomhartmann.com (*1951) US American journalist, progressive political commentator, radio host, psychotherapist, entrepreneur, business consultant, author, The more equality a society has, the better it does, ref. to income inequality researcher Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, YouTube film, minute 1:37, 9:01 minutes duration, posted 28. July 2009

 

(↓)

Population stability is one of the benefits of dignitarian (egalitarian) societies.

Not money (bribes), nor contraceptiva, nor the one-child policy, nor force, but equality between men and women, i.e. shared human dignity allows for sustainability and stable population rates.

  • The one thing that defines whether a culture is going through population explosion or not is the power relationship between men and women. When women have relatively equal power with men in a single generation population will stabilize. And when women are the property of men we will invariably have a population explosion. […] What do we do: Change the way we think! Video interview with Thom Hartmann (*1951) US American journalist, progressive political commentator, radio host, psychotherapist, entrepreneur, business consultant, author of Threshold. The Crisis of Western Culture, The Crisis of Western Culture, YouTube film, minute 18:00, 29:05 minutes duration, posted 30. July 2009

Englische Texte – English section on Sociology

Income and status gap in 23 of the rich developed countries worldwide – Wilkinson und Pickett (2011)

The root of many social ailments is not due to the amount of income/living standard but due to the relative income gap and the corresponding estimation gap.
It isn’t about money, it’s about the monkey brain, the pecking order […].
I sometimes say, "This is about monkeys, not Marx.”

 


Homeless man, Paris, France, June 2005

Comparing the rich countries worldwide – as well as the 50 states of the United States of America among each other – Wilkinson/Pickett found that the more unequal societies are the more social evils were apparent.
Not just the poor but the vast majority of the population are being affected by inequality. Indignifying inequality is divisive and socially corrosive. It affects the social fabric from top to bottom. Clusters of social failings are a response to the social gradients and the felt status differentiation.

Note: The major financial crashes in 1929 and 2007/2008 happened both when inequality and indebtedness peaked.

 

Once the basic needs for sustaining life are met in a country (as is the case in Cuba for example) the focus on national income per capita will shift to the income and status gap.

The average life expectancy of Cubans is age 77, of US Americans age 78, and of Brits age 79.
Rich Cubans aren't much richer than poor ones. All Cubans spend way less money on health care than Americans.

 

In more equal societies skilled craftsmen are not regarded as losers. The culture shifts with a considerable inequality gap.
Children in the more unequal countries tend to have completely unrealistic aspirations. They want to be rich and famous
(sports stars, celebrities, or directors of large companies).

 

(↓)

Peer reviewed studies on social inequality:

  • 50 academic papers discussed the relationship between income inequality and violence and imprisonment since 1993.
  • 150 peer reviewed academic papers discussed the beneficial psychosocial relationships of friendsips.
  • 200 peer reviewed academic papers discussed the relationship between income inequality and health problems.

 

How much richer are the top 20% in rich industrialized countries than the poorest 20%? [2011]
%Least income gap% Smaller income gap%Middle range income gap%Bigger income gap%Huge income gap
3.4%Japan4.6%Belgium5.6%Spain6.2%Greece7.0%Australia
3.7%Finland4.8%Austria5.6%France6.7%Italy7.2%UK
3.9%Norway5.2%Germany5.6%Canada6.8%Israel8.0%Portugal
4.0%Sweden5.3%Netherlands5.7%Switzerland6.8%New Zealand8.5%USA
4.3%Denmark  6.1%Ireland  9.7%Singapore
Source: ► Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, economy historian, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, How economic inequality harms societies,
presented by TED Talks, YouTube film, minute 2:58, 16:55 minutes duration, filmed July 2011, posted 24. October 2011
After 30 years of research British socioepidemiologists Wilkinson and Pickett found
a unilateral pattern concerning (mainly) all social maladies in modern wealthy countries:
The size of the income gap interrelated with psychosocial concordant dignity gradients.

Correlation: the bigger a nation's income gap interrelated with its concordant dignity gradient is
the bigger are its failures in regard to health, human capital, and social relations.

 

(↓)

Individualism vs. collectivism – Narcissism vs. totalitarianism

[T]he US is a very individualistic country as opposed to Japan, which is a very collectivist country. […] If you take individualism too far, then it becomes narcissistic. If you take collectivism too far, then it becomes totalitarian.
Audio Insights at the Edge interview with Mario Martinez, PsyD, Uruguaian clinical neuropsychologist, contemplative psychologist, psycho-neuroimmunologist, author, Empowerment and ‘Navigating the Drift’, MP3, presented by Sounds True, host Tami Simon, minute 55:14 of podcast, 60 minutes duration, aired 2. October 2012

 

Economic inequality and psychosocial status anxiety
in rich countries resulting in social failings
༺༻HealthHuman CapitalSocial Relations
1.ObesityChild wellbeingPoverty
Among 35 developed nations U.S. has 23.1%
child poverty rate
, second only to Romania.
2.Infant mortalityTeenage pregnancies and births
[1-10, tenfold difference]
Child conflict
3.StressMath and literacy scores
Educational standards
Violence and homicides [15-150]
4.Life expectancyHigh school drop outsCrime rate, punishment, imprisonment
[40-400 out of 100,000 inhabitants; tenfold difference]
The United States (300 million) have 7.2 million people imprisoned.
China (over 1.3 billion) has 1.6 million people in jail. (ratio 30:1)
5.Mental illness
[1-3; threefold difference]
Social mobility
[Father's income influence on son's career.]
Corruption
"Mutual trust"
[15-65]
6.Drug and alcohol addictionSocial capital
Community relations
 
7.Disease rate  
Source: ► Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher
of inequality data in health and social determinants, How economic inequality harms societies, presented by TED Talks,
YouTube film, 16:55 minutes duration, filmed July 2011, posted 24. October 2011
Sources:
Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, Kate Pickett, Ph.D. (*1965) British professor of epidemiology, University of York, co-author, The Spirit Level. Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better, Bloomsbury Press, 22. December 2009
► Video presentation by Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) British professor Emeritus of social epidemiology, University of Nottingham, researcher of inequality data in health and social determinants, sponsored by Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, YouTube film, posted 11. March 2011
     The Spirit Level, part 1 of 3, 12:30 minutes duration
      The Spirit Level, part 2 of 3, 13:46 minutes duration
      The Spirit Level, part 3 of 3, 11:07 minutes duration
Reference: en.Wikipedia entry The Spirit Level: ... Why Equality is Better for Everyone, updated version, 2010

 

Wilkinson/Pickett's book The Spirit Level: ... Why Equality is Better for Everyone, 2010, has been on the best-seller list at various times. It sold about four times the numbers of copies in Britain (despite the much smaller population) as in the United States. Over 20 foreign editions are either published or being translated. The impact of the book and over 500 speaking engagements [in a period of 2 years] on its findings worldwide have taken over the lives of the authors in a quite unexpected way.
The Quaker charity Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust support the Equality Trust financially.

 

Book recommendations
Stewart Lansley, British economist, financial journalist, author, The Cost of Inequality. Three Decades of the Super-Rich and the Economy, Gibson Square Books Ltd., 27. October 2011
► Kwame Anthony Appia, US American scholar, president of the PEN American Center, The Honor Code. How Moral Revolutions Happen, W. W. Norton & Company, 13. September 2010

 

Video documentary
► Video infographics Wealth Inequality in America, YouTube film, 6:24 minutes duration, posted 20. November 2012
Distribution of wealth in the United States of America, inequality and difference between the actual statistics and the perception of inequality, ignorance of US American citizens on the stunningly massive the wealth gap in the United States1
Alternative source: Viral Video Shows the Extent of U.S. Wealth Inequality, presented by Mashable.com, Charlie White, 2. March 2013
► Video infographics Global Wealth Inequality, presented by The Rules Org, YouTube film, 3:51 minutes duration, posted 7. July 2013
The richest 2% in the world have more wealth than the rest of 7 billion people worldwide.
The richest 300 people have more wealth than 3 billion people (population of India, China, Brazil, and the United States combined).
Gap 1810s: The richest countries were 3 times as rich as the poorest countries.
Gap 1960s (end of colonialism): The richest countries were 35 times as rich as the poorest countries.
Gap 2013: The richest countries are 80 times richer as the poorest countries.

 

See also:
Dignity
Dignity outweighs wealth, charity, and markets.
Statistics on the worldwide inequality gap (2014/2016)
Statistics of economic inequality in United States (1774-2011)
Reducing poverty rates via welfare programs – Lane Kenworthy
Politics of poverty and violence – Pride-guilt-shame culture of socio-economic status in the United States
Variance in life expectancy as a result of the social inequality gap

Income, status and affective wellbeing – HavingDoingBeing

(↓)

US American Gallup survey / study by Ed Diener, Daniel Kahneman et al., 2009:

Income’s Differential Influence on Judgments of Life Versus Affective Well-Being
Below an annual income of 60.000 $ people are progressively unhappy –
above 60.000 $ income per year feelings of happiness do not rise.

Depending on which self (experiencing self or remembering self) is predominant influences the poll results.
Personal income in the United States (average 45.000 $)

 

Two different selves: two notions of money and happiness – Daniel Kahneman et al.
༺༻Secondary remembering self (Past)
Programmed processing system 2
Having * Doing
Fundamental experiencing self (Present)
Intuitive choosing system 1
Being
1.The more money you have the more satisfied you are.
That does not hold for emotions.
*
Money does not buy you experiential happiness, but lack of money buys you misery.
We can measure that very clearly.
*
2.Following the concept (Making) money makes you happy about 90% of people in the households in the United States, making at least 250,000 $ a year called themselves "very happy". **Withheld conclusion: 10% very rich NOT HAPPY people find "making money" (gaining outer resources and status) does not result in sustainable happiness.**
See multimillionaire Tom Shadyac's insight. Item 5a.
3.Comparing one's income favorably to others, spending impulsively money, and overcoming self-doubt with money did not enhance one's subjective well-being. ***Wanting to make money to feel secure, to feel proud of oneself, and to help others, were predictive of happiness or subjective well-being. ***
4a. Wealthier people consistently reported a lower ability to savor, "enhance and prolong positive emotional experience." This impediment undermined any positive effect that money had on their happiness. ****Money impairs people's ability to savor everyday positive emotions and experiences. ****
4b.Solution: Deepening positive thinking and friendships. ****
5a.I think I was imprisoned by part of my life that was not a part of what I would say is truth. [...] I stood on top of the heap and said 'I am more valuable than you. Hey, I am the director, man. You are just a camera man. I don't support that anymore. *****I've gone through some pretty substantial changes which I think have opened me up. I'm more sensitive. I hope that I have walked further down the empathic road. *****
5b. Conclusion: I think we are all part of it. And there can be a little difference
but not the kind of difference that I supported. *****

 

  1. * Video presentation by Daniel Kahneman (*1934) Israeli-American professor of psychology, Princeton University, founder of behavioral economics, Nobel laureate in economic sciences, 2002, The riddle of experience vs. memory on the "experiencing self" (present) vs. the "remembering self" (past, score keeper, story teller), presented by TED Talks 2010, minute 18:08+, 20:07 minutes duration, filmed February 2010, posted March 2010
  2. ** Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfer, study Economic Growth and Subjective Well-Being. Re-Assessing the Easterlin Paradox, Brookings Panel on Economic Activity, United States, April 2008
  3. *** Rostyslaw W. Robak, Sheila H. Chiffriller, Melinda C. Zappone, College students' motivations for money and subjective well-being, Psychological Reports, Vol. 100, Issue 1, pg. 147-156, 2007
    157 undergraduate business and psychology students were asked on their motives for making money and several dimensions of subjective well-being.
  4. **** Quoidbach J., Dunn E.W., Petrides K.V., Mikolajczak M., Money Giveth, Money Taketh Away. The Dual Effect of Wealth on Happiness, sponsored by University of Liège, published in Psychology Science, 21. Jun 2010, 759-63
  5. ***** Video interview with Tom Shadyac (*1958) Aramean American comedian, Hollywood film director, truth seeker, neardeather (2007), multimillionaire converted to the path of simplicity, screenwriter, producer of the documentary I am, I AM, Director Tom Shadyac, presented by DP/30, host David Poland, MCN Videos, YouTube film, minute 4:38, 33:36 minutes duration, posted 11. March 2011

 

Literature:
Carol Graham (*1962) US American professor of public policy, University of Maryland, senior fellow, Brookings Institution, research fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor, Happy Peasants and Miserable Millionaires. Happiness Research, Economics, and Public Policy, Brookings, 30. January 2010
Further references:
► Video presentation by Hans Rosling, M.D., Ph.D. (1948-2017) Swedish professor of global health, medical doctor, statistician, data visionary, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, public speaker, New insights on poverty and life around the world, presented by TED Talks, 18:57 minutes duration, filmed March 2007, posted June 2007
► Video interview/presentation by Stephen Walt, US American professor of International Affairs, Harvard University, The Global Income Gap, presented by BigThink, recorded 8. October 2007, 2:15 minutes duration, posted 1. January 2008
Stephen Walt: "Social Inequality is the biggest challenge in the coming decade." (2008-2018)

 

Leaping from Having to Being

I think I was imprisoned by part of my life that was not a part of what I would say is truth. [...] I stood on top of the heap and said 'I am more valuable than you. Hey, I am the director, man. You are just a camera man.' I don't support that anymore.
I think we are all part of it. And there can be a little difference but not the kind of difference that I supported. [...]
I've gone through some pretty substantial changes which I think have opened me up. I'm more sensitive. I hope that I have walked further down the empathic road.
Video interview with Tom Shadyac (*1958) Aramean American comedian, Hollywood film director, truth seeker, neardeather (2007), multimillionaire converted to the path of simplicity, screenwriter, producer of the documentary I am, I AM, Director Tom Shadyac, presented by DP/30, host David Poland, MCN Videos, YouTube film, minute 4:38, 33:36 minutes duration, posted 11. March 2011

Great Re-convergence – Balancing Westerners with Resterners

♦ The Great Divergence delineates the sociological inequality between East and West since the 1600s.
Competition ♦ scientific revolution ♦ private property rights ♦ modern medicine ♦ consumerism ♦ work ethics were the six institutional means to achieve and ensure Western prosperity and predominance.
♦ At the verge of the 21st century after 500 years of gross imbalance between West and East, North and South the economic and political Western predominance is waning whereas the Resterners of the world are rising and gaining economic power and political influence.
Rise and fall of the Western system
༺༻MeansLaunched byNote
1.Competition Void of cooperation
2.Scientific revolution Void of nobleness of heart / dignity
3.Secured·private·property·rightsJohn Locke (1632-1704) English philosopher 
4.Modern medicine Void of cooperative medicine
5.ConsumerismIndustrial RevolutionExpressing status insecurity
and competition
6.[Protestant] Work ethicMax Weber (1864-1920) German sociologist,
political economist, social theorist
 
⚑ 106 billion people have ever lived on Earth, most of whom in Asia.
⚑  6% of the total Earth population are alive today.
⚑ Westerners are 19% of the world's population who possess two thirds of the world's wealth ($195 billions).
⚑ Since the 21st century the Great Re-convergence between Westerners and resterners began to become apparent.
Source: ► Video presentation by Niall Ferguson, M.A., D.Phil. (*1964) British Harvard and Oxford historian, specialised in financial and economic history, colonialism, The six killer apps of prosperity, presented by TED GLOBAL 2011, Edinburgh, Scotland,
minute 1:19 / minute 8:20, 20:20 minutes duration, filmed July 2011, posted September 2011

 

Today the West has lost its work ethic.
Today an average Korean is working 1,000 hours more per year than an average German. […]
China is just about to overtake Germany [2011]. […]
This is the Great Re-convergence. […]
It’s our generation that is witnessing the end of Western predominance.
The average American used to be more than 20 times richer than the average Chinese [1970ies]. Now it’s just five times [2011], and soon it will be 2.5 times. […]
In 2016 the United States will lose its place as number 1 economy to China.
Video presentation by Niall Ferguson, M.A., D.Phil. (*1964) British Harvard and Oxford historian, specialised in financial and economic history, colonialism, The six killer apps of prosperity, presented by TED GLOBAL 2011, Edinburgh, Scottland, minute 12:45, 20:20 minutes duration, filmed July 2011, posted September 2011

 

Reference: ► Article What was the Great Divergence?,
presented by the English-language weekly newspaper The Economist, C.W., 2. September 2013
Reference: en.Wikipedia entry Great Divergence
See also:
Two versions of Darwin's Evolutionary Theory – David Loye
Current trend – Shifting from PUSH mode to PULL mode
Shifting from ego-system to eco-system awareness
Brain lateralization resulting in 2,500 years of split Western culture – Iain McGilchrist
Dignity and ► Leadership

Resilience ratio: Two thirds unconscious ⇔ one third awakening

The Austrian psychotherapist and Nazi concentration camp survivor Viktor Frankl found meaning in his intense suffering. The spiritual / soul life strengthened the camp prisoners, helped them adapt, and so improved their chances of survival. It was a matter of the attitude of the prisoners who had a better chance to survive camp.

 

Psychoanalyst, child psychologist, and Nazi concentration camp survivor Bruno Bettelheim (1903-1990) found the sociological tripartition formula applicable to those who are faced with an extreme crisis in life. He published his findings in his book The Informed Heart. Autonomy in a Mass Age in 1979:

  1. One third of the people deported to the camps died during the transport – out of fear to starve.
  2. The other third died in the camp when food was short, life was hard-hard, and trust was low.
  3. The last third had a chance to survive as they kept trusting in an inviolable instance within themselves.

 

Bread and games keep the masses going.
When survival and play are jeopardized TRUST into the unknown becomes an essential asset.

 

Three kinds of reaction patterns when faced with traumatic conditions
Tripartition"Bread and games" metaphorReactionBehaviorExemplified by death camp survivors
1st thirdWithout BREAD they are incapable to ...!They cannot.Giving upOne third of the Jews and Sinti who were deported into Nazi death camps died during the transportation out of fear and the uncertain prospect of living in a death camp.
2nd thirdWithout GAMES that ordinary people play they are unwilling to ...!They don't want to.Drying upThe second third died during the death camp imprisonment, because conditions there were unbearable for them.
3rd thirdWith hardly any BREAD and GAMES they ENDURE the hardship.
___________________
TRUST in what is happening despite the hardship is the trump that lets people survive amidst the hardest circumstances.
They endure the situation patiently and trustingly.
___________________
When the Tipping Point is reached, Transformation is at hand.
Keeping
it up
The last third was released in miraculous ways or else it survived the tortures of personal disempowerment until they were freed by Allied troups. Those who were free men again owe this to the power of their mind and soul, their unswerving trust in their destiny and their physical discipline.

 

(↓)

Note:

These recommentations conincide with the lower and middle rungs of the pyramid of needs created by the US American psychologist Abraham Maslow.

Austrian-born author Bruno Bettelheim suggested:

  1. Eat/drink what's available.
  2. Excrement regularly.
  3. Stay up and present.
  4. Read whatever you can read.
  5. Try to communicate under adverse conditions.

 

(↓)

Three kinds of people:
༺♥༻ Immovables
༺♥༻ Movables
༺♥༻ Moving ones

All mankind is divided into three classes:
  1. Those that are immovable,
  2. those that are movable,
  3. and those that move.
Attributed by Benjamin Franklin [The First American, Founding Father] (1706-1705) US American statesman, political theorist, occultist, polymath, diplomat, civic activist, author

 

Note:
♦◊♦ The Greek philosopher Socrates lived by the guidance of his inner voice (daemon). A two thirds majority of the committee in Athens sentenced him to death (by hemlock poison) in 399 BC.
♦◊♦ Two thirds of the US Americans favor prosperity over fairness [social justice]. [Status 2011]
♦◊♦ The apocalyptic Revelation (last book of the New Testament) refers to the 2/3 vs. 1/3 ratio:
Two thirds of mankind will perish whereas a third of mankind will rise after enduring the shortened "tribulation" period.

 

Note:         Controversial status of Bruno Bettelheim         
A spirit adverse Freudian, Bettelheim had survived the Nazi death camps in Buchenwald and Dachau. At the end of his career, at age 86, he committed suicide. His death wish, he explained as such: "The problem is finding a reason to live." It became painfully apparent that his writings and his actions were not congruent in the long run.2

Former students accused Bettelheim in print of ➤ having created an atmosphere of terror in his famous school, ➤ emotional and physical brutality and sexual abuse. Scholars accused him of ➤ plagiarism, and stories of falsified credentials (falsified curriculum vitae) and ➤ shoddy research. Bettelheim ➤ invented accomplishments, ➤ academic degrees, ➤ connections with people in high places [such as Sigmund Freud, Eleanor Roosevelt], and ➤ professional training and experience that either had no basis in reality or else were gross exaggerations. His repeated attacks of mothers of disturbed children were nourished by a culture pervaded by blind faith in a simplistic Freudianism and a wish to find easy answers. What allowed the perpetuation of the Bettelheim myth, was hero worship.3

 

References / critical biographies:
Nina Sutton, British-French journalist, author, Bettelheim. A Life and a Legacy, Basic Books, 1996, 2nd edition 20. July 1997
Richard Pollak, The Creation of Dr. B. A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim, Simon & Schuster, 1997, Touchstone, 6. April 1998
Definitive exposure of Bettelheim as a charlatan whose life was based on falsehood and self-aggrandizement
See also:
Classic psychology experiments
Solomon Ash (1950s) and Stanley Milgram (1961) found that two thirds of the subject were conforming with authority whereas one third of the test persons refused to take non-ethical orders from authority. They carried out the dictum of their inner value structure.
Progression of addiction
Two thirds remain in addiction mode, one third endures the sobering relearning process.
Consciousness-Tables
Siehe auch: ► Krebsheilung – Zwei Drittel ⇔ Ein Drittel-Verhältnis [Healing of cancer – Ratio of two thirds ⇔ one third]

Reducing poverty rates via welfare programs – Lane Kenworthy

The American professor of sociology and political science Lane Kenworthy, Ph.D., East Carolina University (currently University of Arizona) publishedthe results of his international comparative study cross-cultural poverty assessment in Western nations in 1999.

Do Social-Welfare Policies Reduce Poverty. A Cross-National Assessment, presented by Social Forces, volume 77, issue 3, pp. 1119-1139, March 1999

Kenworthy's team compared fifteen affluent industrialized nations extending welfare benefits. Both absolute and relative measures of poverty rates were applied over the period 1960-1991.

 

CountryPoverty rates before social welfarePoverty rates after social welfare
France36.1%9.8%
Sweden23.7%5.8%
Canada22.5%6.5%
United States21%11.7%
Note: The US welfare benefits are not as generous, which may explain the weaker success rate in US.

 

༺༻Insight
1.Dignity is more important to the human spirit than wealth.
2.Traditional charity and aid alone will not solve the problems of poverty.
3.Markets alone will also not solve the problems of poverty.

 

See also:
Income and status gap in 23 of the rich developed countries worldwide – Wilkinson und Pickett
Dignity outweighs wealth, charity, and markets.

 

Links zum Thema Soziologie / Sociology

Literatur

Andreas Zeuch, "Gleichheit ist Glück" – eine gesellschaftsverändernde Analyse, 19. Juli 2010

Literature (engl.)

An introduction to systems thinking, exemplified by the novel, Ishmael, 1992

Largest non-profit independent film release in historyPolitical orientations (left-right voting) arise from three clusters of measurable personality traits i.e. opposing attitudes toward (1) tribalism: ethnocentricity vs. ethnophilia, (2) human nature: competitiveness vs. cooperation, (fundamentalist) religiosity vs. secularism, (3) tolerance of inequality: rankism, sexism, racism, classism.

Externe Weblinks


Graf wertete für ihre Studie die Werdegänge von 407 Mitgliedern der Wissenschaftselite im Zeitraum 1945-2013 aus. Seit siebzig Jahren stammen zwei Drittel der Ultra-Elite aus 3,5 Prozent der Bevölkerung – "eine enorme soziale Exklusivität der Wissenschaftselite".

External web links (engl.)


Joe Henrich and his colleagues are shaking the foundations of psychology and economics – and hoping to change the way social scientists think about human behavior and culture.
More than 96% (nearly 70% from U.S.) of the subjects tested in psychological studies from 2003-2007 were Westerners. Studies were made in countries that represent only 12% of the world’s population.


Audio- und Videolinks

  • Videointerview mit Prof. Dr. Peter Kruse (1955-2015) deutscher Honorarprofessor für Allgemeine und Organisationspsychologie, Universität Bremen, Psychologe, Netzwerkforscher zur Komplexitätsverarbeitung in intelligenten Netzwerken und kohärenter Musterbildung, Geschäftsführer von Nextpractice, Unternehmensberater, 07 Meilensteine der Kulturentwicklung, YouTube Film, 2:45 Minuten Dauer, eingestellt 25. März 2008
  • Videointerview mit Prof. Dr. Peter Kruse (1955-2015) deutscher Honorarprofessor für Allgemeine und Organisationspsychologie, Universität Bremen, Psychologe, Netzwerkforscher zur Komplexitätsverarbeitung in intelligenten Netzwerken und kohärenter Musterbildung, Geschäftsführer von Nextpractice, Unternehmensberater, 21 Wie erzeuge ich intelligente Bewertungssysteme für Plattformen, Youtube Film, 7:45 Minuten Dauer, eingestellt 26. März 2008

Wirtschaft und Unternehmen im Übergangsstadium, Netzwerke als Wahrnehmungsorgan für Führung, Intelligente Generierungssysteme (Plattformen) brauchen intelligente Bewertungssysteme.

  • Videointerview mit Prof. Dr. Peter Kruse (1955-2015) deutscher Honorarprofessor für Allgemeine und Organisationspsychologie, Universität Bremen, Psychologe, Netzwerkforscher zur Komplexitätsverarbeitung in intelligenten Netzwerken und kohärenter Musterbildung, Geschäftsführer von Nextpractice, Unternehmensberater, 19 Informelle Netzwerke sind nicht formlos, YouTube Film, 3:01 Minuten Dauer, eingestellt 31. März 2008

Das Missverständnis des formlosen informellen Netzwerkgedankens, die mystische Vorstellung von Selbstorganisation; Voraussetzung dafür: qualitätsgesicherte Prozesse, Disziplin, die Wichtigkeit von Feedbacks

  • Video TV-Dokumentation mit Fokus auf Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) britischer emeritierter Professor für Sozialepidemiologie, Universität von Nottingham, Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, Erforscher des Sozialgefälles weltweit, Die Armutskonferenz, Veranstaltung Armutskonferenz, präsentiert von Augustin TV, YouTube Film, 2:19 Minute Dauer, eingestellt 17. März 2011
  • Video TV Interview mit Peter Sloterdijk (*1947) deutscher Professor für Philosophie, Universität Karlsruhe, Kulturwissenschaftler, Fernsehmoderator, Essayist, Vision der gebenden Hand – Die neue soziale Frage, präsentiert vom Schweizer TV-Kanal SF, Sendung Sternstunde Philosophie, Gastgeberin Katja Gentinetta, Sendetermin 20. März 2011, YouTube Film, 1:00:59 Dauer, eingestellt 10. April 2011

Ethik des Steuern GEBENs vs. des Steuern DULDENs



Entfernte Links

  • Video TV-Dokumentation über Richard Wilkinson, Ph.D. (*1943) britischer emeritierter Professor für Sozialepidemiologie, Universität von Nottingham, Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, Erforscher des Sozialgefälles weltweit, "Gleichheit macht glücklich", präsentiert von dem französisch-deutschen TV-Sender Arte, Nachrichtensendung Arte Journal, Redakteur Alexander Wolkers, 2:39 Minuten Dauer, gesendet 25. März 2011

Starke Ungleichheiten können schlimme Folgen (schlechtere Gesundheitsversorgung oder geringere Lebenserwartung) für die Ärmere haben. Neu ist die Erkenntnis, dass auch die reicheren Schichten unter starken einem sozialen Gefälle leiden.

Audio and video links (engl.)

Poverty


Empathy is the core of sociology.

Excessive wealth in the hands of a few triggers a breakdown of society, particularly the United States

Ongoing research in the Lucy to Language project
The Mormons, the Hutterites, and the Amish do not allow community size to grow bigger than 150 members. That way the  establishment of a police force can be skirted as peer pressure is sufficient to guard the social stability. Minute 15:00

On the origins of morality and its basis in politics and religion referring to Haidt's new book The Righteous Mind. Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion

Distribution of wealth in US, inequality and difference between the actual statistics and the perception of inequality, ignorance of US American citizens on the stunningly massive the wealth gap in their nation4

Audio and video links (engl.) – Zeitgeist

Tribute to the study results of Richard Wilkinson and Kate Picket Minute 4:08

Tribute to the study results of Richard Wilkinson and Kate Picket

Tribute to the study results of Richard Wilkinson and Kate Picket, the status quo sustaining role of the advertisement industry Minute 2:20

Largest non-profit independent film release in history

 

Interne Links

Englisch Wiki

Hawkins

 

 

1 From 1947 to 1979 the income of the bottom fifth of Americans rose by 122%. From the introduction of Reagonomics in 1879 to 2009 the income of the top 1% rose by 270% while the other 99%'s income remained stagnant.

2 Article LOVE & DEATH: In His Final Interview, Just Before His Suicide, Bruno Bettelheim Explained Why He Wanted to Die, presented by Los Angelos Times, Celeste Fremon, US American free-lance writer, 27. January 1991

3 Article In the Case of Bruno Bettelheim, presented by (c) by First Things, Molly Finn, 1996, June/July 1997

4 From 1947 to 1979 the income of the bottom fifth of Americans rose by 122%. From the introduction of Reagonomics in 1879 to 2009 the income of the top 1% rose by 270% while the other 99%'s income remained stagnant.

 

Anhand der Skala des Bewusstseins (Gradeinteilung von 1-1000), erarbeitet von Dr. David R. Hawkins, hat Soziologie einen Bewusstseinswert (BW) von 260. Innerhalb von Hawkins' System rangiert das Thema Soziologie im Bereich von gesellschaftsbildender Neutralität.
Quelle: CD-Serie The Discovery, CD 1 von 6, Spur 6, Nightingale-Conant, United Kingdom, Mai 2007
Letzte Bearbeitung:
19.06.2017 um 20:43 Uhr

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