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Tugenden

 

Ashoka Chakra, as depicted on
the National flag of the Republic of India


 

X


Glasfenster: Kampf der Tugenden mit dem Laster
Nördliches Seitenschiff der Stiftskirche
Niederhaslach
, Elsass

Etymologisch bedeutete Tugend Stärke, magische Kraft.

Vier Vereinbarungen – Miguel Ángel Ruiz

Der mexikanischer Autor, Schamane und Toltekenmeister Don Miguel Ángel Ruiz (*1952) war ursprünglich Chirurg.


Four-leaf white clover

Eine Nahtoderfahrung bewegte ihn, sich wieder mit den Lehren seiner toltekischen Vorfahren zu beschäftigen. Er lernte von seiner Mutter Sarita, einer curandera (Heilerin), und seinem Großvater, einem Schamanen. Berühmt wurde Ruiz mit seinem Buch Die vier Versprechen, im englischen Original veröffentlicht 1997, das der Integrität, Selbstliebe und dem Frieden der Menschen gewidmet ist.

 

Die vier Versprechen, dienen als Wegweiser, den Traum der Hölle in einen Traum des Himmels auf Erden zu verwandeln. Sie lauten:

  1. Wähle deine Worte mit Bedacht und spreche einwandfrei. [Wahrhaftige Sprache]
  2. Nimm' nichts persönlich.
  3. Ziehe keine voreiligen Schlüsse. [Unterstelle nichts.]
  4. Tu' stets dein Bestmögliches.
Quelle: ► Miguel Ángel Ruiz miguelruiz.com (*1952) mexikanischer Toltekenmeister, Nagual-Schamane, Autor,
Die vier Versprechen. Ein Weisheitsbuch der Tolteken, Ariston, 1. Auflage 15. Februar 2005

Zitate zum Thema Tugenden / Virtues

Zitate allgemein

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Früchte des Geistes: Neun Tugende im 9. Buch des Neuen Testaments

Der Geist Gottes dagegen lässt als Frucht eine Fülle von Gutem wachsen, nämlich: Liebe, Freude und Frieden, Geduld, Freundlichkeit und Güte, Treue, Bescheidenheit und Selbstbeherrschung. Gegen all dies hat das Gesetz nichts einzuwenden. Galater 5, 22-23 (NT)

 

  • Die Tugend [...] ist das eigentliche Wesen oder die eigentliche Natur des Menschen, insofern er die Macht hat, etwas zu bewirken, was durch die Gesetze seiner eigenen Natur nicht begriffen werden kann. Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) niederländischer Philosoph, Heinz-Joachim Fischer, Herausgeber, Hauptwerk Die Ethik, 4. Teil, 1677, marix Verlag, Imprint von Verlagshaus Römerweg, 1. Auflage 20. September 2007

 

(↓)

Vier Haupttugenden:

Gerechtigkeit, Weisheit (Klugheit), Mut (Tapferkeit), Bescheidenheit (Mäßigkeit)

  • Die Gruppe von vier Haupttugenden ist erstmals bei dem griechischen Dichter Aischylos belegt, in seinem 467 v. Chr. entstandenen Stück Sieben gegen Theben (Vers 610). Er scheint sie als bekannt vorauszusetzen; daher wird vermutet, dass sie schon im griechischen Adel des 6. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. geläufig waren. Aischylos charakterisiert den Seher Amphiaraos als tugendhaften Menschen, indem er ihn als
    • verständig (sóphron),
    • gerecht (díkaios),
    • fromm (eusebés) und
    • tapfer (agathós) bezeichnet.
Wikipedia-Eintrag Kardinaltugend, Status November 2016

 

  • Tugenden und Mädchen sind am schönsten, ehe sie wissen, dass sie schön sind. Ludwig Börne (1786-1837) deutscher Literatur-, Theater- und Gesellschaftskritiker, Journalist, Schriftsteller, Edgar Schumacher, Herausgeber, Kritische Schriften, S. 256, Artemis-Verlag, Zürich, 1964

 

  • Die Tugend ist ihre eigene Belohnung. Sprichwort

General quotes

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Nine virtues of the Spirit named in the 9th book of the New Testament

The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. Galatians 5, 22-23 (NT) New International Version (NIV)

 

Recommendations

  • Should we all confess our sins to one another we would all laugh at one another for our lack of originality.
    Should we all reveal our virtues we would also laugh for the same cause. Khalil Gibran (1883-1931) Lebanese US American painter, philosopher, poet, writer, Will Jonson, editor, Sand and Foam, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 27. September 2014

 

Conclusions

 

  • Without courage we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can't be kind, true, merciful, generous, or honest. Maya Angelou (1928-2014) US American historian, actress, producer, director, educator, civil-rights activist, playwright, poet, bestselling black author, presented by the US American daily middle-market newspaper USA Today, 5. March 1988

Confucius describes rén (spoken jen) as humanity expressed in cardinal moral values. Rén means complete virtue.

''Fan Chi asked about humaneness. The Master said it is loving people.
Fan Chi asked about wisdom. The Master said it is knowing people."

Analects XII.22

  • Everybody makes fun of virtue, which by now has, as its primary meaning, an affectation of prudery practiced by hypocrites and the impotent. Thomas Merton (1915-1968) Anglo-American Catholic Trappist monk, mystic student of comparative religion, social activist, poet, writer, autobiography The Seven Storey Mountain, Harcourt Brace, 11. October 1948

 

  • [O]nly a virtuous people are capable of freedom. As nations become corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters. Benjamin Franklin [The First American, Founding Father] (1706-1705) US American statesman, political theorist, occultist, polymath, diplomat, civic activist, author, letter to the Abbés Chalut and Arnaud, 17. April 1787

 

  • The Real Work
    The mind that is not baffled is not employed.
    The impeded stream is the one that sings.
Wendell Berry (*1934) US American man of letters, academic, cultural and economic critic, writer, source unknown

 

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Brain research ⇒ science of virtuous qualities ⇒ enhancing the quality of human life.

  • In the future ...
    - mental exercise will be accepted and practiced in the same way as physical exercise today.
    - We will have a science of virtuous qualities.
    - We will incorporate the mind back into medicine and better understand how the brain can modulate peripheral biology in ways that affect health. This will allow us to take more responsibility for our own health by changing the mind in ways that can impact the brain in healthy directions.
    - We'll be able to develop a secular approach to provide methods and practices from contemplative traditions to
    • teach teachers and children ways to better regulate emotions and attention and cultivate qualities like kindness and compassion.
    • increase awareness of interdependence upon others and upon the planet and be more responsible caretakers of the environment and the planet.
    • promote their widespread adoption into the public discourse and major institutions of culture thereby restoring civility, humility, gratitude and other virtues in human life.
Video presentation by Richard Davidson, Ph.D. (*1951) US American Vilas professor of psychology and psychiatry, Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 2011 UW-Madison Big Learning Event, YouTube film, minute 18:06, 20:44 minutes duration, posted 20. June 2011

 

(↓)

Practical wisdom – master virtue

  • The virtue that we need most of all is the virtue that Aristotle called practical wisdom. Practical wisdom is the moral will to do the right thing and the moral skill to figure out what the right thing is. [...] [The] stonemasons working on the Isle of Lesbos [...] need to measure out [...] round columns using a ruler. [...] They created a ruler that bends [...] a tape measure – a flexible rule, a rule that bends. [...] And Aristotle said often in dealing with other people, we need to bend the rules.
    Dealing with other people demands a kind of flexibility that no set of rules can encompass. Wise people know when and how to bend the rules. Wise people know how to improvise. […] the rules are like the notes on the page, and that gets you started, but then you dance around the notes on the page, coming up with just the right combination for this particular moment with this particular set of fellow players. So for Aristotle, the kind of rule-bending, rule exception-finding and improvisation that you see in skilled craftsmen is exactly what you need to be a skilled moral craftsman. And in interactions with people, almost all the time, it is this kind of flexibility that is required. [...] And most important, a wise person does this improvising and rule-bending in the service of the right aims.
    If you are a rule-bender and an improvisor mostly to serve yourself, what you get is ruthless manipulation of other people. So it matters that you do this wise practice in the service of others and not in the service of yourself. And so the will to do the right thing is just as important as the moral skill of improvisation and exception-finding. Together they comprise practical wisdom, which Aristotle thought was the master virtue.
Video presentation by Barry Schwartz, Ph.D. (*1946) US American US American professor of social theory and social action, psychologist, Swarthmore College, speaker, author, Using our practical wisdom, Transcript, presented by TED Talks, YouTube film, minute 5:38, 23:08 minutes duration, posted 3. January 2011

 

]
Birch tree in autumn
  • Rules and incentives are no substitutes for wisdom. [...] there is no substitute for wisdom. [...]
    You need to have rules. You need to have incentives. [...] the problem with relying on rules and incentives is that they demoralize professional activity [...] in two senses.
    1. First, they demoralize the people who are engaged in the activity. [...]
    2. And second, they demoralize the activity itself. The very practice is demoralized, and the practitioners are demoralized. It creates people – when you manipulate incentives to get people to do the right thing – it creates people who are addicted to incentives. That is to say, it creates people who only do things for incentives.
Video presentation by Barry Schwartz, Ph.D. (*1946) US American US American professor of social theory and social action, psychologist, Swarthmore College, speaker, author, Using our practical wisdom, Transcript, presented by TED Talks, YouTube film, minute 12:54, 23:08 minutes duration, posted 3. January 2011

 

  • Courage is the most important of all the virtues, because without courage you can't practice any other virtue consistently. You can practice any virtue erratically, but nothing consistently without courage. Maya Angelou (1928-2014) US American historian, actress, producer, director, educator, civil-rights activist, playwright, poet, bestselling black author, cited in: Stedman Graham, Diversity. Leaders Not Labels, S. 224, 2006

 

  • Virtue is its own reward. Saying

Literary quotes

  • Fools! who from hence into the notion fall
    That vice or virtue there is none at all.
    Is there no black or white?
    Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain;
    'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain.

    Vice is a monster of so frightful mien,
    As, to be hated, needs but to be seen;
    Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face,
    We first endure, then pity, then embrace.
Alexander Pope (1688-1744) English translator, poet, neoclassic writer, poem inheroic couplets An Essay on Man. Epistle II, IV. and V., 1733-1734

Englische Texte – English section on Virtue

Four agreements – Don Miguel Ruiz

Recommendations for right livelihood
༺༻༺༺༺•••Agreement•••༻༻༻Legend
1.Be impeccable with your word.Speak with integrity. Say only what you mean. Avoid using the word to speak against yourself or to gossip about others. Use the power of your word in the direction of truth and love.
2.Don't take anything personally.Nothing others do is because of you. What others say and do is a projection of their own reality, their own dream. When you are immune to the opinions and actions of others, you won’t be the victim of needless suffering.
3.Don't make assumptions.Find the courage to ask questions and to express what you really want. Communicate with others as clearly as you can to avoid misunderstandings, sadness and drama. With just this one agreement, you can completely transform your life.
4.Always do your best.Your best is going to change from moment to moment; it will be different when you are healthy as opposed to sick. Under any circumstance, simply do your best, and you will avoid self-judgment, self-abuse and regret.
Source: ► Don Miguel Ruiz miguelruiz.com (*1952) Mexican Toltec master, founder of the Sixth Sun Foundation, neoshamanistic, spiritualist author, The Four Agreements. A Practical Guide to Personal Freedom (A Toltec Wisdom Book), Amber-Allen Publishing, November 1997

Developmental stages of sexual union – Tao

Three types of integrating Yin and Yang
Stage
_____
Quality
Expressing Divinity
Divine Mother
Location
__________
Quality of union
Type of integration of
Yin and Yang

__________
Action
Biblical commandment
__________
Results
Status
1.
_____
Nonin-
tegrous
Fertile reproductive valleyMother's womb
__________
Ordinary intercourse
Biological impulse
Union of
sperm and egg

__________
Effortful
Diffusing
Be fruitful!Mortality

Transitory
2.
_____
Integrous
Fertile reproductive valleyBiological impulse
Male sex organ and
female sex organ

__________
Ordinary intercourse
Sexual union
of mature male and female partners

__________
Effortful
Diffusing
Multiply!Mortality

Transitory
3.
_____
Nonlinear
Immeasurable heart
Allknowing mind
__________
Allness
Inner being of the refined individual
Yin and Yang fired upward

__________
Union of
spirit with spirit,
mind with mind,
every cell with every cell of both bodies
__________
Angelic mutual cultivation
1
Practice of the integral way
Selfawareness without ego
Refining of gross energy
to subtle light energy
In the body, not attached to it

__________
Calm, relaxed, quiet, natural
Integrating
Be stewards to the Earth!
––––––––––
Improved health,
Harmonized emotions,
Healing of addictions
Appeasing of negative impulses
Transcendent integration of the entire energy body
Mastery, Whole, virtuous
__________
Mutual uplifting and transformation, bliss
Immortality

Imperishable

Timelessness

Field for the
conception of higher life
See also:
Tao
► Daoist Sacred sexuality, excerpted from Hua Hu Ching, ~300 CE
Quotes on Karezza

Incomplete list of virtues

Virtues are characteristics (valued as an ethical principle) of a person expressing
individual moral excellence and enhancing collective well being.
Virtues of self control
TemperanceSelf-control regarding pleasure
Good temperSelf-control regarding anger
AmbitionSelf-control regarding one's goals
CuriositySelf-control regarding knowledge
Frugality (Thrift)Self-control regarding the material lifestyle
IndustrySelf-control regarding play, recreation and entertainment
ContentmentSelf-control regarding one's possessions and the possessions of others;
acknowledgement and satisfaction of reaching capacity
ContinenceSelf-control regarding bodily functions
Virtues of self-efficacy
CourageWillingness to do the right thing in the face of danger,
pain, significant harm or risk
PatienceAbility to delay or wait for what is desired
PerseveranceCourageous patience, integrity
PersistenceAbility to achieve objective regardless of obstacles
Virtues of regard
Fair-mindednessConcern that all get their due (including oneself)
in cooperative arrangements of mutual benefit
ToleranceWillingness to allow others to lead a life based on a certain set of beliefs
differing from ones own
Truthfulness/HonestyTelling someone what you believe to be true
in the context of a direct inquiry
Virtues of respect
RespectRegard for the worth of others
Self respectRegard for the worth of oneself
Social virtuesPoliteness, charisma, unpretentiousness, friendliness,
sportsmanship, cleanliness
Virtues of kindness
KindnessRegard for those who are within an individuals ability to help
GenerosityGiving to those in need
ForgivenessWillingness to overlook transgressions made against you
CompassionEmpathy and understanding for the suffering of others

 

Links zum Tugenden / Virtues

Literatur

Literature (engl.)

Externe Weblinks


External web links (engl.)


Audio- und Videolinks

Audio and video links (engl.)

  • Video interview with John Bradshaw (1933-2016) US American philosopher, theologian, psychologist, educator, counselor, motivational speaker, author of Reclaiming Virtue, Moral Intelligence, presented by Houston PBS, program Living Smart, #?, host Patricia Gras (*1960) US American television anchor, reporter, journalist, YouTube film, 26:32 minutes duration, posted 11. August 2010

Definition of virtue, discussing how to live life with moral intelligence

 

Interne Links

Englisch Wiki

Hawkins

 

 

1 Quotes on Karezza

 

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23.10.2017 um 16:00 Uhr

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